Section Two: Pharmaceutical Purchasing Organizations
Organizations Purchasing Wholesale Drugs Products: The Demand for Wholesale Drugs
To further characterize drug distribution and drug pricing influences, this section profiles some of the organizations that purchase or are involved indirectly in the purchase of drugs. Separate discussions are provided below on health care institutions and integrated delivery networks (IDNs), pharmacy benefit management companies (PBMs), and retailers. The final section briefly addresses the influence of health maintenance organizations (HMOs) and PBMs on prescription drug prices.