[Federal Register: February 6, 2004 (Volume 69, Number 25)]
[Notices]               
[Page 5858-5859]
From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov]
[DOCID:fr06fe04-86]                         

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DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES

Food and Drug Administration

[Docket No. 2003E-0248]

 
Determination of Regulatory Review Period for Purposes of Patent 
Extension; EXTRANAEAL

AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration, HHS.

ACTION: Notice.

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SUMMARY: The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has determined the 
regulatory review period for EXTRANAEAL and is publishing this notice 
of that determination as required by law. FDA has made the 
determination because of the submission of an application to the 
Director of Patents and Trademarks, Department of Commerce, for the 
extension of a patent that claims that human drug product.

ADDRESSES: Submit written comments and petitions to the Division of 
Dockets Management (HFA-305), Food and Drug Administration, 5630 
Fishers Lane, rm. 1061, Rockville, MD 20852. Submit electronic comments 
to http://frwebgate.access.gpo.gov/cgi-bin/leaving.cgi?from=leavingFR.html&log=linklog&to=http://www.fda.gov/dockets/ecomments.


FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Claudia Grillo, Office of Regulatory 
Policy (HFD-013), Food and Drug Administration, 5600 Fishers Lane, 
Rockville, MD 20857, 240-453-6699.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: The Drug Price Competition and Patent Term 
Restoration Act of 1984 (Public Law 98-417) and the Generic Animal Drug 
and Patent Term Restoration Act (Public Law 100-670) generally provide 
that a patent may be extended for a period of up to 5 years so long as 
the patented item (human drug product, animal drug product, medical 
device, food additive, or color additive) was subject to regulatory 
review by FDA before the item was marketed. Under these acts, a 
product's regulatory review period forms the basis for determining the 
amount of extension an applicant may receive.
    A regulatory review period consists of two periods of time: A 
testing phase and an approval phase. For human drug products, the 
testing phase begins when the exemption to permit the clinical 
investigations of the drug becomes effective and runs until the 
approval phase begins. The approval phase starts with the initial 
submission of an application to market the human drug product and 
continues until FDA grants permission to market the drug product. 
Although only a portion of a regulatory review period may count toward 
the actual amount of extension that the Director of Patents and 
Trademarks may award (for example, half the testing phase must be 
subtracted, as well as any time that may have occurred before the 
patent was issued), FDA's determination of the length of a regulatory 
review period for a human drug product will include all of the testing 
phase and approval phase as specified in 35 U.S.C. 156(g)(1)(B).
    FDA recently approved for marketing the human drug product 
EXTRANAEAL (icodextrin). EXTRANAEAL is indicated for a single daily 
exchange for the long (8-to 16-hour) dwell during continuous ambulatory 
peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) or automated peritoneal dialysis (APD) for 
the management of chronic renal failure. Subsequent to this approval, 
the Patent and Trademark Office received a patent term restoration 
application for EXTRANAEAL (U.S. Patent No. 4,761,237) from Baxter 
International, Inc., and the Patent and Trademark Office requested 
FDA's assistance in determining this patent's eligibility for patent 
term restoration. In a letter dated July 16, 2003, FDA advised the 
Patent and Trademark Office that this human drug product had undergone 
a regulatory review period and that the approval of EXTRANAEAL 
represented the first permitted commercial marketing or use of the 
product. Thereafter, the Patent and Trademark Office requested that FDA 
determine the product's regulatory review period.
    FDA has determined that the applicable regulatory review period for 
EXTRANAEAL is 2,207 days. Of this time, 1,478 days occurred during the 
testing phase of the regulatory review period, while 729 days occurred 
during the approval phase. These periods of time were derived from the 
following dates:
    1. The date an exemption under section 505(i) of the Federal Food, 
Drug, and Cosmetic Act (the act) (21 U.S.C. 355(i)) became effective: 
December 6, 1996. FDA has verified the applicant's claim that the date 
the investigational new drug application became effective was on 
December 6, 1996.
    2. The date the application was initially submitted with respect to 
the

[[Page 5859]]

human drug product under section 505 of the act: December 22, 2000. FDA 
has verified the applicant's claim that the new drug application (NDA) 
for EXTRANAEAL (NDA 21-321) was initially submitted on December 22, 
2000.
    3. The date the application was approved: December 20, 2002. FDA 
has verified the applicant's claim that NDA 21-321 was approved on 
December 20, 2002.
    This determination of the regulatory review period establishes the 
maximum potential length of a patent extension. However, the U.S. 
Patent and Trademark Office applies several statutory limitations in 
its calculations of the actual period for patent extension. In its 
application for patent extension, this applicant seeks 1,467 days of 
patent term extension.
    Anyone with knowledge that any of the dates as published is 
incorrect may submit to the Division of Dockets Management (see 
ADDRESSES) written or electronic comments and ask for a redetermination 
by April 6, 2004. Furthermore, any interested person may petition FDA 
for a determination regarding whether the applicant for extension acted 
with due diligence during the regulatory review period by August 4, 
2004. To meet its burden, the petition must contain sufficient facts to 
merit an FDA investigation. (See H. Rept. 857, part 1, 98th Cong., 2d 
sess., pp. 41-42, 1984.) Petitions should be in the format specified in 
21 CFR 10.30.
    Comments and petitions should be submitted to the Division of 
Dockets Management. Three copies of any mailed information are to be 
submitted except that individuals may submit one copy. Comments are to 
be identified with the docket number found in brackets in the heading 
of this document. Comments and petitions may be seen in the Division of 
Dockets Management between 9 a.m. and 4 p.m., Monday through Friday.

    Dated: January 13, 2004.
Jane A. Axelrad,
Associate Director for Policy, Center for Drug Evaluation and Research.
[FR Doc. 04-2546 Filed 2-5-04; 8:45 am]

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