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# GUIDE TO NUTRITION LABELING AND EDUCATION ACT (NLEA) REQUIREMENTS-ATTACHMENT 6-8

``` ATTACHMENT 6
```
```
```
```ROUNDING RULE TABLE FOR SERVING SIZE
```
```MEASUREMENT TYPE  |  UNIT                        |  INCREMENT ROUNDING
```
``` Discrete Units      Servings                      < 50% of the Reference Amounts (RA):  number of
```
```                                                   units closest to the RA = 1 serving
```
```
```
```                                                   > 50% to < 67% of RA:  then 1 unit = 1 serving
```
```                                                   OR 2 units = 1 serving
```
```
```
```                                                   >or = 67% to < 200% of RA:  then 1 unit = 1 serving
```
```                                                   >or = 200% of RA:  then 1 unit = 1 serving, if it can
```
```                                                         reasonably be consumed at a single eating
```
```                                                         occasion
```
```
```
``` Common Household    Volume:                       Use "cup" in 1/3 or 1/4 cup increments, except may
```
``` Measures                      Cup (cup)           use "fl oz" for beverages
```
```                               Tablespoon (Tbsp)
```
```                               Teaspoon (tsp)      >or = 2 Tbsp & < 1/4 cup = whole Tbsp
```
```                              Fluid Ounce (fl oz)
```
```                                                   Between 1 & 2 Tbsp, may use increments of:  1,
```
```                     Weight:                       1 1/3, 1 «, 1 2/3, 2
```
```                               Ounce (oz)
```
```                                                   >or = 1 tsp & < 1 Tbsp = whole tsp
```
```
```
```                                                   < 1 tsp = 1/4 tsp increments
```
```
```
```                                                   Ounce (oz) measures = 0.5 oz increments
```
```
```
```                                                   Fluid Ounce (fl oz) = whole number increments
```
```
```
```                                                   Serving sizes that fall half-way between two serving
```
```                                                   sizes, manufacturers shall round up to the next
```
```                                                   incremental size.
```
```
```
``` Metric Measures     Volume:                       > 5 = nearest whole number
```
```                               Milliliters (ml)
```
```                                                   >or = 2 and < 5 = nearest 0.5
```
```                     Weight:
```
```                               Gram (g)            < 2 = nearest 0.1
```
```                               Milligram (mg)
```
```
```
``` Number of           Numbers                       Round to the nearest whole number except for
```
``` Servings/Container                                servings between 2 and 5 servings
```
```
```
```                                                   Between 2 and 5 servings = nearest 0.5 serving
```
```
```
```                                                   Rounding should be indicated by the term "about"
```
```
```
```37
```
``` ATTACHMENT 7
```
```ROUNDING RULES FOR DECLARING NUTRIENTS
```
```Per Technical amendments of mandatory nutrition labeling final rule, August, 1993
```
```
```
``` Nutrient/Serving      (M)     Core    Units                                             Increment Rounding(**)                                                          Insignificant  Other
```
```                     (V)(*)  Nutrient                                                                                                                                    Amount         Relevant Information(***)
```
```
```
``` Calories               M        X     cal.                                               < 5 cal - express as zero                                                       < 5 cal        101.9(c)(1)
```
```                                                                                         < or = 50 cal - express to nearest 5 cal Increment
```
```                                                                                         > 50 cal - express to nearest 10 cal increment
```
```
```
``` Calories from fat      M              cal                                               < 5 cal - express as zero                                                       < 5 cal        if < 0.5 g fat:  "cal from
```
```                                                                                         < or = 50 cal - express to nearest 5 cal increment                                             fat" not required
```
```                                                                                         > 50 cal - express to nearest 10 cal increment                                                 101.9(c)(1)(ii)
```
```
```
``` Calories from          V              cal                                               < 5 cal - express as zero                                                       < 5 cal        101.9(c)(1)(iii)
```
``` saturated fat                                                                           < or = express to nearest 5 cal increment
```
```                                                                                         > 50 cal - express to nearest 10 cal increment
```
```
```
``` Total fat              M        X     g                                                 <0.5g - express as zero                                                         < 0.5 g        101.9(c)(2)
```
```                                                                                         < 5g - express in nearest 0.5g increment
```
```                                                                                         > = 5g - express to nearest 1g increment
```
```
```
``` Saturated fat          M              g                                                 <0.5g - express as zero                                                         < 0.5 g        101.9(c)(2)(i)
```
```                                                                                         5g - express to nearest 0.5g increment
```
```                                                                                         > or = 5g - express to nearest 1g increment
```
```
```
``` Polyunsaturated &      V              g                                                 <0.5g - express as zero                                                         < 0.5 g        101.9(c)(2)(ii)&(iii)
```
``` Monounsaturated                       < 5g -express to nearest 0.5g increment
```
``` fat                                                                                     > or = 5g - express to nearest 1g increment
```
```
```
``` Cholesterol            M              mg                                                ,2 mg - express as zero                                                         < 2 mg         101.9(c)(3)
```
```                                                                                         2 - 5 mg - express as "less than 5 mg"
```
```                                                                                         > 5 mg - express to nearest 5 mg Increment
```
```
```
``` Sodium                 M        X     mg                                                < 5 mg - express as zero                                                        < 5 mg         101.9(c)(4)
```
```                                                                                         5 - 140 mg - express to nearest 5 mg Increment
```
```                                                                                         > 140 mg - express to nearest 10 mg increment
```
```
```
``` Potassium              V              mg                                                < 5mg - express as zero                                                         < 5 mg         101.9(c)(5)
```
```                                                                                         5 - 140 mg - express to nearest 5 mg Increment
```
```                                                                                         > 140 mg - express to nearest 10 mg increment
```
```
```
``` Total carbohydrate     M        X     g                                                 < 0.5g - express as zero                                                        < 1 g          101.9(c)(6)
```
```                                                                                         < 1g - express as "Contains less than 1g" OR "less than 1g"
```
```                                                                                         > or = 1g - express to nearest 1g increment
```
```
```
``` Dietary fiber          M              g                                                 < 0.5g - express as zero                                                        < 1 g          101.9(c)(6)(i)
```
```                                                                                         < 1g - express as "Contains less than 1g" OR "less than 1g"
```
```                                                                                         > or = 1g - express to nearest 1g increment
```
```
```
```ATTACHMENT 7
```
```
```
```38
```
```
```
```Nutrient/Serving      (M)     Core    Units  Increment Rounding(**)                                                Insignificant
```
```                     (V)(*)  Nutrient                                                                               Amount
```
```Soluble & Insoluble     V              g      < 0.5g - express as zero                                              < 0.5 g        101.9(c)(6)(i)(A) & (B)
```
``` fiber                                        < 1g - express as "Contains less than 1g" OR "less than 1g"
```
```                                              > or = 1g - express to nearest 1g increment
```
```
```
``` Sugars                 M              g      < 0.5g - express as zero                                              < 0.5 g        101.9(c)(6)(ii)
```
```                                              < 1g - express as "Contains less than 1g" OR "less than 1g"
```
```                                              > or = 1g - express to nearest 1g increment
```
```
```
``` Sugar alcohol          V              g      < 0.5g - express as zero                                              < 0.5 g        101.9(c)(8)(iii)
```
```                                              < 1g - express as "Contains less than 1g" OR "less than 1g"
```
```                                              > or = 1g - express to nearest 1g increment
```
```
```
``` Other carbohydrate     V              g      < 0.5g - express as zero                                              < 0.5 g        101.9(c)(6)(iv)
```
```                                              < 1g - express as "Contains less than 1g" OR "less than 1g"
```
```                                              > or = 1g - express to nearest 1g increment
```
```
```
``` Protein                M        X     g      < 0.5g - express as zero                                              < 1 g          101.9(c)(7)
```
```                                              < 1g - express as "Contains less than 1g" OR "less than 1g"
```
```                                              > or = 1g - express to nearest 1g increment
```
```
```
```Vitamins & minerals     M              % DV   < 2% of RDI - may be expressed as                                     < 2% RDI       Vitamins and minerals
```
```                                              (1) 2% if actual amount is 1.0% or more                                              other than vit A, C,
```
```                                              (2) zero                                                                             calcium and iron, listed in
```
```                                              (3) an asterisk that refers to statement "Contains less than 2%                      (8)(iv), are mandatory if
```
```                                              of the Daily Value of this (these) nutrient (nutrients)                              added as nutrient
```
```                                              (4) for Vit A, C, calcium, iron:  statement "Not a significant                       supplement in food or it
```
```                                              source of __ (listing the vitamins or minerals omitted)"                                  claim is made
```
```                                              < or = 10% of RDI - express to nearest 2% increment\
```
```                                              > 10% - < or = 50% of RDI - express to nearest 5% increment                          101.9(c)(8)(iii) & (iv)
```
```                                              > 50% of RDI - express to nearest 10% increment
```
```
```
``` Beta-carotene          V              %      < or = 10% of Vit. A - express to nearest 2% increment                               101.9(c)(8)(vi)
```
```                                       Vit A  > 10% - < or = 50% of Vit A - express to nearest 5%increment
```
```                                              > 50% of Vit A - express to nearest 10% increment
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```
```
```(M) = Mandatory and (V) = Voluntary
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```
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```(**) To express to the nearest 1g increment, amounts exactly
```
```halfway between two whole number or higher (e.g., 2.50 to 2.66g)
```
```round up (e.g., 3g) and amounts less than halfway between two
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```whole numbers (e.g., 2.01 to 2.49g) round down (e.g.,
```
```2g).
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```
```
```(***) NOTES FOR ROUNDING % Daily Value (DV):
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```
```
```(1)  To calculate % DV, divide either the actual (unrounded)
```
```quantitative amount or the declared (rounded) amount by the
```
```appropriate RDI or DRV.  Use whichever amount will provide
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```the greatest consistency on the food label and prevent unnecessary
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```consumer confusion 109.9(d)(7)(2).
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```
```
```(2)  When %DV values fall between two whole numbers, rounding
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```shall be as follows:
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```- for values exactly halfway between two whole numbers or
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```higher (e.g., 2.5 to 2.990 the values shall round up (e.g., 3%)
```
```- for values less than halfway between two whole numbers (e.g.,
```
```2.01 to 2.49) the values shall round down (e.g., 2%).
```
```
```
```ATTACHMENT 7
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```
```
```39
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```
```
``` ATTACHMENT 8
```
```DAILY VALUES FOR NUTRITION LABELING
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```(Based on 2,000 Calorie Intake for Adults and Children 4 or More
```
```Years of Age)
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```
```
```Nutrients in this table are listed in the order in which
```
```they are required to appear on a label in accordance with 101.9(c)
```
```
```
```This list includes only those nutrients for which a Daily
```
```Reference Value (DRV) has been established in 101.9(c)(g)
```
```or a Reference Daily Intake (RDI) in 101.9(c)(8)(iv).
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```
```
```NUTRIENT                 M    UNIT OF MEASURE              DAILY
```
```                          or                                VALUE
```
```                          V
```
``` Total Fat                M    grams (g)                     65
```
``` Saturated fatty acids    M    grams (g)                     20
```
``` Cholesterol              M    milligrams (mg)              300
```
``` Sodium                   M    milligrams (mg)            2,400
```
``` Potassium                V    milligrams (mg)            3,500
```
``` Total carbohydrate       M    grams (g)                    300
```
``` Dietary Fiber            M    grams (g)                     25
```
``` Protein                  M    grams (g)                     50
```
``` Vitamin A                M    International Unit (IU)    5,000
```
``` Vitamin C                M    milligram (mg)                 60
```
``` Calcium                  M    grams (g)                      1
```
``` Iron                     M    milligrams (mg)               18
```
``` Vitamin D                V    International Unit (IU)      400
```
``` Vitamin E                V    International Unit (IU)       30
```
``` Thiamin                  V    milligrams (mg)                1.5
```
```Riboflavin               V    milligrams (mg)                1.7
```
```Niacin                   V    milligrams (mg)               20
```
``` Vitamin B [sub] 6        V    milligrams (mg)                2.0
```
```Folate                   V    milligrams (mg)                0.4
```
```Vitamin B [sub] 12       V    micrograms (ug)                6.0
```
```Biotin                   V    milligrams (mg)                0.3
```
```Pantothenic acid         V    milligrams (mg)               10
```
``` Phosphorus               V    grams (g)                      1.0
```
```Iodine                   V    micrograms (ug)              150
```
``` Magnesium                V    milligrams (mg)              400
```
``` Zinc                     V    milligrams (mg)               15
```
``` Copper                   V    milligrams (mg)                2.0
```
```
```
```M = Mandatory
```
```V = Voluntary
```
```
```
```On January 4, 1994, FDA proposed values for seven
```
```additional nutrients: Vitamin K., Selenium, Chloride,
```
```Manganese, Fluoride, Chromium and Molybdenum.
```
```
```
```40
```