Inspections, Compliance, Enforcement, and Criminal Investigations

GUIDE TO NUTRITION LABELING AND EDUCATION ACT (NLEA) REQUIREMENTS-ATTACHMENT 6-8

ATTACHMENT 6

ROUNDING RULE TABLE FOR SERVING SIZE

MEASUREMENT TYPE UNIT INCREMENT ROUNDING
Discrete Units Servings < 50% of the Reference Amounts (RA): number of
 
units closest to the RA = 1 serving
 
 
> 50% to < 67% of RA: then 1 unit = 1 serving
 
OR 2 units = 1 serving
 
 
>or = 67% to < 200% of RA: then 1 unit = 1 serving
 
>or = 200% of RA: then 1 unit = 1 serving, if it can
reasonably be consumed at a single eating
occasion
 
Common Household
 
Measures
Volume:
 
Cup (cup)
 
Tablespoon (Tbsp)
 
Teaspoon (tsp)
 
Fluid Ounce (fl oz)
 
Weight:
 
Ounce (oz)
Use "cup" in 1/3 or 1/4 cup increments, except may
 
use "fl oz" for beverages
 
>or = 2 Tbsp & < 1/4 cup = whole Tbsp
 
 
Between 1 & 2 Tbsp, may use increments of: 1,
 
1 1/3, 1 «, 1 2/3, 2
 
 
>or = 1 tsp & < 1 Tbsp = whole tsp
 
< 1 tsp = 1/4 tsp increments
 
 
Ounce (oz) measures = 0.5 oz increments
 
 
Fluid Ounce (fl oz) = whole number increments
 
 
Serving sizes that fall half-way between two serving
 
sizes, manufacturers shall round up to the next
 
incremental size.
 
Metric Measures
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Number of
Servings/Container
Volume:
 
Milliliters (ml)
 
Weight:
 
Gram (g)
Milligram (mg)
Numbers
> 5 = nearest whole number
 
 
>or = 2 and < 5 = nearest 0.5
 
 
< 2 = nearest 0.1
 
 
Round to the nearest whole number except for
servings between 2 and 5 servings
 
 
Between 2 and 5 servings = nearest 0.5 serving
 
Rounding should be indicated by the term "about"

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ATTACHMENT 7

ROUNDING RULES FOR DECLARING NUTRIENTS

Per Technical amendments of mandatory nutrition labeling final rule, August, 1993

Nutrient/Serving (M) Core Units Increment Rounding(**) Insignificant Other
 
(V)(*)
 
 
M
Nutrient
 
 
X
 
 
 
cal.
 
 
 
< 5 cal - express as zero
 
< or = 50 cal - express to nearest 5 cal Increment
 
> 50 cal - express to nearest 10 cal increment
Amount
 
 
< 5 cal
Relevant Information(***)
 
 
101.9(c)(1)
Calories from fat M
 
cal < 5 cal - express as zero
 
< or = 50 cal - express to nearest 5 cal increment
 
> 50 cal - express to nearest 10 cal increment
< 5 cal if < 0.5 g fat: "cal from
fat" not required
101.9(c)(1)(ii)
Calories from
 
saturated fat
V
 
cal < 5 cal - express as zero
 
< or = express to nearest 5 cal increment
 
> 50 cal - express to nearest 10 cal increment
< 5 cal 101.9(c)(1)(iii)
Total fat M X g <0.5g - express as zero
 
< 5g - express in nearest 0.5g increment
 
> = 5g - express to nearest 1g increment
< 0.5 g 101.9(c)(2)
Saturated fat M
 
g <0.5g - express as zero
 
5g - express to nearest 0.5g increment
> or = 5g - express to nearest 1g increment
< 0.5 g 101.9(c)(2)(i)
Polyunsaturated &
Monounsaturated <
fat
V
 
g
 
5g -express to nearest 0.5g increment
<0.5g - express as zero
 
> or = 5g - express to nearest 1g increment
< 0.5 g 101.9(c)(2)(ii)&(iii)
Cholesterol M
 
mg ,2 mg - express as zero
 
2 - 5 mg - express as "less than 5 mg"
> 5 mg - express to nearest 5 mg Increment
< 2 mg 101.9(c)(3)
Sodium M X mg < 5 mg - express as zero
 
5 - 140 mg - express to nearest 5 mg Increment
 
> 140 mg - express to nearest 10 mg increment
< 5 mg 101.9(c)(4)
Potassium V
 
mg < 5mg - express as zero
 
5 - 140 mg - express to nearest 5 mg Increment
 
> 140 mg - express to nearest 10 mg increment
< 5 mg 101.9(c)(5)
Total carbohydrate M X g < 0.5g - express as zero
 
< 1g - express as "Contains less than 1g " OR "less than 1g"
 
> or = 1g - express to nearest 1g increment
< 1 g 101.9(c)(6)
Dietary fiber M
 
g < 0.5g - express as zero
 
< 1g - express as "Contains less than 1g " OR "less than 1g"
> or = 1g - express to nearest 1g increment
< 1 g 101.9(c)(6)(i)

ATTACHMENT 7

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Nutrient/Serving (M) (V)(*) Core Units
Nutrient
Increment Rounding(**) Insignificant Amount  
Soluble & Insoluble
fiber
V
 
g < 0.5g - express as zero
 
< 1g - express as "Contains less than 1g" OR "less than 1g"
> or = 1g - express to nearest 1g increment
< 0.5 g 101.9(c)(6)(i)(A) & (B)
Sugars M
 
g < 0.5g - express as zero
< 1g - express as "Contains less than 1g" OR "less than 1g"
> or = 1g - express to nearest 1g increment
< 0.5 g 101.9(c)(6)(ii)
Sugar alcohol V
 
g < 0.5g - express as zero
 
< 1g - express as "Contains less than 1g" OR "less than 1g"
 
> or = 1g - express to nearest 1g increment
< 0.5 g 101.9(c)(8)(iii)
Other carbohydrate V
 
g < 0.5g - express as zero
 
< 1g - express as "Contains less than 1g" OR "less than 1g"
 
> or = 1g - express to nearest 1g increment
< 0.5 g 101.9(c)(6)(iv)
Protein M X g < 0.5g - express as zero
 
< 1g - express as "Contains less than 1g" OR "less than 1g"
 
> or = 1g - express to nearest 1g increment
< 1 g 101.9(c)(7)
Vitamins & minerals M
 
% DV < 2% of RDI - may be expressed as
 
  1. 2% if actual amount is 1.0% or more other than vit A, C,
  2. zero
  3. an asterisk that refers to statement "Contains less than 2% of the Daily Value of this (these) nutrient (nutrients)
  4. for Vit A, C, calcium, iron: statement "Not a significant source of __ (listing the vitamins or minerals omitted)"
 
< or = 10% of RDI - express to nearest 2% increment\
 
> 10% - < or = 50% of RDI - express to nearest 5% increment
 
> 50% of RDI - express to nearest 10% increment
< 2% RDI Vitamins and minerals
 
other than vit A, C,
 
calcium and iron, listed in
 
(8)(iv), are mandatory if
 
added as nutrient
 
supplement in food or it
 
claim is made
 
 
101.9(c)(8)(iii) & (iv)
Beta-carotene V
 
%
 
Vit A
< or = 10% of Vit. A - express to nearest 2% increment
 
> 10% - < or = 50% of Vit A - express to nearest 5% increment
 
> 50% of Vit A - express to nearest 10% increment
 
101.9(c)(8)(vi)

(M) = Mandatory and (V) = Voluntary

 

(**) To express to the nearest 1g increment, amounts exactly halfway between two whole number or higher (e.g., 2.50 to 2.66g) round up (e.g., 3g) and amounts less than halfway between two whole numbers (e.g., 2.01 to 2.49g) round down (e.g., 2g).

 

(***) NOTES FOR ROUNDING % Daily Value (DV):

  1. To calculate % DV, divide either the actual (unrounded) quantitative amount or the declared (rounded) amount by the appropriate RDI or DRV. Use whichever amount will provide the greatest consistency on the food label and prevent unnecessary consumer confusion 109.9(d)(7)(2).
  2. When %DV values fall between two whole numbers, rounding shall be as follows:
    • for values exactly halfway between two whole numbers or higher (e.g., 2.5 to 2.990 the values shall round up (e.g., 3%)
    • for values less than halfway between two whole numbers (e.g., 2.01 to 2.49) the values shall round down (e.g., 2%).

ATTACHMENT 7

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ATTACHMENT 8

DAILY VALUES FOR NUTRITION LABELING

(Based on 2,000 Calorie Intake for Adults and Children 4 or More Years of Age)

Nutrients in this table are listed in the order in which they are required to appear on a label in accordance with 101.9(c)

 

This list includes only those nutrients for which a Daily Reference Value (DRV) has been established in 101.9(c)(g) or a Reference Daily Intake (RDI) in 101.9(c)(8)(iv).


NUTRIENT M or V UNIT OF MEASURE M DAILY
VALUE
Total Fat M grams (g) 65
Saturated fatty acids M grams (g) 20
Cholesterol M milligrams (mg) 300
Sodium M milligrams (mg) 2,400
Potassium V milligrams (mg) 3,500
Total carbohydrate M grams (g) 300
Dietary Fiber M grams (g) 25
Protein M grams (g) 50
Vitamin A M International Unit (IU) 5,000
Vitamin C M milligram (mg) 60
Calcium M grams (g) 1
Iron M milligrams (mg) 18
Vitamin D V International Unit (IU) 400
Vitamin E V International Unit (IU) 30
Thiamin V milligrams (mg) 1.5
Riboflavin V milligrams (mg) 1.7
Niacin V milligrams (mg) 20
Vitamin B [sub] 6 V milligrams (mg) 2.0
Folate V milligrams (mg) 0.4
Vitamin B [sub] 12 V micrograms (ug) 6.0
Biotin V milligrams (mg) 0.3
Pantothenic acid V milligrams (mg) 10
Phosphorus V grams (g) 1.0
Iodine V micrograms (ug) 150
Magnesium V milligrams (mg) 400
Zinc V milligrams (mg) 15
Copper V milligrams (mg) 2.0

M = Mandatory

V = Voluntary

On January 4, 1994, FDA proposed values for seven additional nutrients: Vitamin K., Selenium, Chloride, Manganese, Fluoride, Chromium and Molybdenum.

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