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GUIDE TO NUTRITION LABELING AND EDUCATION ACT (NLEA) REQUIREMENTS-ATTACHMENT 6-8

 

 ATTACHMENT 6 
 
ROUNDING RULE TABLE FOR SERVING SIZE
MEASUREMENT TYPE  |  UNIT                        |  INCREMENT ROUNDING                                    
 Discrete Units      Servings                      < 50% of the Reference Amounts (RA):  number of  
                                                   units closest to the RA = 1 serving                  
                                                                                                         
                                                   > 50% to < 67% of RA:  then 1 unit = 1 serving       
                                                   OR 2 units = 1 serving                               
                                                                                                         
                                                   >or = 67% to < 200% of RA:  then 1 unit = 1 serving  
                                                   >or = 200% of RA:  then 1 unit = 1 serving, if it can
                                                         reasonably be consumed at a single eating      
                                                         occasion                                       
                                                                                                         
 Common Household    Volume:                       Use "cup" in 1/3 or 1/4 cup increments, except may   
 Measures                      Cup (cup)           use "fl oz" for beverages                            
                               Tablespoon (Tbsp)                                                        
                               Teaspoon (tsp)      >or = 2 Tbsp & < 1/4 cup = whole Tbsp                
                              Fluid Ounce (fl oz)                                                        
                                                   Between 1 & 2 Tbsp, may use increments of:  1,       
                     Weight:                       1 1/3, 1 «, 1 2/3, 2                               
                               Ounce (oz)                                                               
                                                   >or = 1 tsp & < 1 Tbsp = whole tsp                   
                                                                                                         
                                                   < 1 tsp = 1/4 tsp increments                         
                                                                                                         
                                                   Ounce (oz) measures = 0.5 oz increments              
                                                                                                         
                                                   Fluid Ounce (fl oz) = whole number increments        
                                                                                                         
                                                   Serving sizes that fall half-way between two serving 
                                                   sizes, manufacturers shall round up to the next      
                                                   incremental size.                                    
                                                                                                         
 Metric Measures     Volume:                       > 5 = nearest whole number                           
                               Milliliters (ml)                                                          
                                                   >or = 2 and < 5 = nearest 0.5                        
                     Weight:                                                                             
                               Gram (g)            < 2 = nearest 0.1                                    
                               Milligram (mg)                                                           
                                                                                                         
 Number of           Numbers                       Round to the nearest whole number except for         
 Servings/Container                                servings between 2 and 5 servings                    
                                                                                                         
                                                   Between 2 and 5 servings = nearest 0.5 serving       
                                                                                                         
                                                   Rounding should be indicated by the term "about"     
 
37
 ATTACHMENT 7
ROUNDING RULES FOR DECLARING NUTRIENTS
Per Technical amendments of mandatory nutrition labeling final rule, August, 1993
 
 Nutrient/Serving      (M)     Core    Units                                             Increment Rounding(**)                                                          Insignificant  Other                                  
                     (V)(*)  Nutrient                                                                                                                                    Amount         Relevant Information(***)             
                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
 Calories               M        X     cal.                                               < 5 cal - express as zero                                                       < 5 cal        101.9(c)(1)                              
                                                                                         < or = 50 cal - express to nearest 5 cal Increment                                                                                   
                                                                                         > 50 cal - express to nearest 10 cal increment                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
 Calories from fat      M              cal                                               < 5 cal - express as zero                                                       < 5 cal        if < 0.5 g fat:  "cal from          
                                                                                         < or = 50 cal - express to nearest 5 cal increment                                             fat" not required                     
                                                                                         > 50 cal - express to nearest 10 cal increment                                                 101.9(c)(1)(ii)                        
                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
 Calories from          V              cal                                               < 5 cal - express as zero                                                       < 5 cal        101.9(c)(1)(iii)                              
 saturated fat                                                                           < or = express to nearest 5 cal increment                                                                                            
                                                                                         > 50 cal - express to nearest 10 cal increment                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
 Total fat              M        X     g                                                 <0.5g - express as zero                                                         < 0.5 g        101.9(c)(2)                           
                                                                                         < 5g - express in nearest 0.5g increment                                                                                              
                                                                                         > = 5g - express to nearest 1g increment                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
 Saturated fat          M              g                                                 <0.5g - express as zero                                                         < 0.5 g        101.9(c)(2)(i)                        
                                                                                         5g - express to nearest 0.5g increment                                                                                               
                                                                                         > or = 5g - express to nearest 1g increment                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
 Polyunsaturated &      V              g                                                 <0.5g - express as zero                                                         < 0.5 g        101.9(c)(2)(ii)&(iii)
 Monounsaturated                       < 5g -express to nearest 0.5g increment                                                                                                         
 fat                                                                                     > or = 5g - express to nearest 1g increment                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
 Cholesterol            M              mg                                                ,2 mg - express as zero                                                         < 2 mg         101.9(c)(3)                           
                                                                                         2 - 5 mg - express as "less than 5 mg"                                                                                               
                                                                                         > 5 mg - express to nearest 5 mg Increment                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
 Sodium                 M        X     mg                                                < 5 mg - express as zero                                                        < 5 mg         101.9(c)(4)                           
                                                                                         5 - 140 mg - express to nearest 5 mg Increment                                                                                        
                                                                                         > 140 mg - express to nearest 10 mg increment                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
 Potassium              V              mg                                                < 5mg - express as zero                                                         < 5 mg         101.9(c)(5)                           
                                                                                         5 - 140 mg - express to nearest 5 mg Increment                                                                                       
                                                                                         > 140 mg - express to nearest 10 mg increment                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
 Total carbohydrate     M        X     g                                                 < 0.5g - express as zero                                                        < 1 g          101.9(c)(6)                           
                                                                                         < 1g - express as "Contains less than 1g" OR "less than 1g"                                                                           
                                                                                         > or = 1g - express to nearest 1g increment                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
 Dietary fiber          M              g                                                 < 0.5g - express as zero                                                        < 1 g          101.9(c)(6)(i)                  
                                                                                         < 1g - express as "Contains less than 1g" OR "less than 1g"                                                                          
                                                                                         > or = 1g - express to nearest 1g increment                                                                                           
 
ATTACHMENT 7
 
38
 
Nutrient/Serving      (M)     Core    Units  Increment Rounding(**)                                                Insignificant
                     (V)(*)  Nutrient                                                                               Amount        
Soluble & Insoluble     V              g      < 0.5g - express as zero                                              < 0.5 g        101.9(c)(6)(i)(A) & (B)               
 fiber                                        < 1g - express as "Contains less than 1g" OR "less than 1g"                                                                
                                              > or = 1g - express to nearest 1g increment                                                                                
                                                                                                                                                                          
 Sugars                 M              g      < 0.5g - express as zero                                              < 0.5 g        101.9(c)(6)(ii)                       
                                              < 1g - express as "Contains less than 1g" OR "less than 1g"                                                                
                                              > or = 1g - express to nearest 1g increment                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                                                          
 Sugar alcohol          V              g      < 0.5g - express as zero                                              < 0.5 g        101.9(c)(8)(iii)                       
                                              < 1g - express as "Contains less than 1g" OR "less than 1g"                                                                 
                                              > or = 1g - express to nearest 1g increment                                                                                
                                                                                                                                                                          
 Other carbohydrate     V              g      < 0.5g - express as zero                                              < 0.5 g        101.9(c)(6)(iv)                        
                                              < 1g - express as "Contains less than 1g" OR "less than 1g"                                                                
                                              > or = 1g - express to nearest 1g increment                                                                                
                                                                                                                                                                          
 Protein                M        X     g      < 0.5g - express as zero                                              < 1 g          101.9(c)(7)                           
                                              < 1g - express as "Contains less than 1g" OR "less than 1g"                                                                
                                              > or = 1g - express to nearest 1g increment                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                                                          
Vitamins & minerals     M              % DV   < 2% of RDI - may be expressed as                                     < 2% RDI       Vitamins and minerals                 
                                              (1) 2% if actual amount is 1.0% or more                                              other than vit A, C,                   
                                              (2) zero                                                                             calcium and iron, listed in           
                                              (3) an asterisk that refers to statement "Contains less than 2%                      (8)(iv), are mandatory if             
                                              of the Daily Value of this (these) nutrient (nutrients)                              added as nutrient                     
                                              (4) for Vit A, C, calcium, iron:  statement "Not a significant                       supplement in food or it              
                                              source of __ (listing the vitamins or minerals omitted)"                                  claim is made                         
                                              < or = 10% of RDI - express to nearest 2% increment\                                                                        
                                              > 10% - < or = 50% of RDI - express to nearest 5% increment                          101.9(c)(8)(iii) & (iv)               
                                              > 50% of RDI - express to nearest 10% increment                                                                            
                                                                                                                                                                          
 Beta-carotene          V              %      < or = 10% of Vit. A - express to nearest 2% increment                               101.9(c)(8)(vi)                       
                                       Vit A  > 10% - < or = 50% of Vit A - express to nearest 5%increment                                                               
                                              > 50% of Vit A - express to nearest 10% increment                                                                           
 
(M) = Mandatory and (V) = Voluntary
 
(**) To express to the nearest 1g increment, amounts exactly
halfway between two whole number or higher (e.g., 2.50 to 2.66g)
round up (e.g., 3g) and amounts less than halfway between two
whole numbers (e.g., 2.01 to 2.49g) round down (e.g.,
2g).
 
(***) NOTES FOR ROUNDING % Daily Value (DV):
 
(1)  To calculate % DV, divide either the actual (unrounded)
quantitative amount or the declared (rounded) amount by the
appropriate RDI or DRV.  Use whichever amount will provide
the greatest consistency on the food label and prevent unnecessary
consumer confusion 109.9(d)(7)(2).
 
(2)  When %DV values fall between two whole numbers, rounding
shall be as follows:
- for values exactly halfway between two whole numbers or
higher (e.g., 2.5 to 2.990 the values shall round up (e.g., 3%)
- for values less than halfway between two whole numbers (e.g.,
2.01 to 2.49) the values shall round down (e.g., 2%).
 
ATTACHMENT 7
 
39
 
 ATTACHMENT 8 
DAILY VALUES FOR NUTRITION LABELING
(Based on 2,000 Calorie Intake for Adults and Children 4 or More
Years of Age)
 
Nutrients in this table are listed in the order in which
they are required to appear on a label in accordance with 101.9(c)
 
This list includes only those nutrients for which a Daily
Reference Value (DRV) has been established in 101.9(c)(g)
or a Reference Daily Intake (RDI) in 101.9(c)(8)(iv).
 
NUTRIENT                 M    UNIT OF MEASURE              DAILY
                          or                                VALUE
                          V                                      
 Total Fat                M    grams (g)                     65 
 Saturated fatty acids    M    grams (g)                     20 
 Cholesterol              M    milligrams (mg)              300 
 Sodium                   M    milligrams (mg)            2,400 
 Potassium                V    milligrams (mg)            3,500 
 Total carbohydrate       M    grams (g)                    300 
 Dietary Fiber            M    grams (g)                     25 
 Protein                  M    grams (g)                     50 
 Vitamin A                M    International Unit (IU)    5,000 
 Vitamin C                M    milligram (mg)                 60 
 Calcium                  M    grams (g)                      1 
 Iron                     M    milligrams (mg)               18 
 Vitamin D                V    International Unit (IU)      400 
 Vitamin E                V    International Unit (IU)       30 
 Thiamin                  V    milligrams (mg)                1.5
Riboflavin               V    milligrams (mg)                1.7
Niacin                   V    milligrams (mg)               20 
 Vitamin B [sub] 6        V    milligrams (mg)                2.0
Folate                   V    milligrams (mg)                0.4
Vitamin B [sub] 12       V    micrograms (ug)                6.0
Biotin                   V    milligrams (mg)                0.3
Pantothenic acid         V    milligrams (mg)               10 
 Phosphorus               V    grams (g)                      1.0
Iodine                   V    micrograms (ug)              150 
 Magnesium                V    milligrams (mg)              400 
 Zinc                     V    milligrams (mg)               15 
 Copper                   V    milligrams (mg)                2.0
 
M = Mandatory
V = Voluntary
 
On January 4, 1994, FDA proposed values for seven
additional nutrients: Vitamin K., Selenium, Chloride,
Manganese, Fluoride, Chromium and Molybdenum.
 
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