Richard W. Weaver 9/16/15
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Department of Health and Human Services
|Public Health Service|
Food and Drug Administration
New York District
158-15 Liberty Avenue
Jamaica, NY 11433
September 16, 2015
WARNING LETTER NYK-2015-53
VIA UNITED POSTAL SERVICE
DELIVERY SIGNATURE REQUESTED
Mr. Richard W. Weaver, Owner
Richard W. Weaver
2229 Gridley Paige Road
Deansboro, New York 13328-1411
Dear Mr. Weaver:
On May 20, 2015 and June 3, 2015, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) conducted an investigation of your dairy operation located at 2229 Gridley Paige Road, Deansboro, New York. This letter notifies you of the violations of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (the FD&C Act) that we found during our investigation of your operation. You can find the FD&C Act and its associated regulations on the Internet through links on FDA’s web page at www.fda.gov.
We found that you offered for sale an animal for slaughter as food that was adulterated. Under section 402(a)(2)(C)(ii) of the FD&C Act, 21 U.S.C. §342(a)(2)(C)(ii), a food is deemed to be adulterated if it bears or contains a new animal drug that is unsafe under section 512 of the FD&C Act, 21 U.S.C. §360b. Further, under section 402(a)(4) of the FD&C Act, 21 U.S.C. § 342(a)(4), a food is deemed to be adulterated if it has been held under insanitary conditions whereby it may have been rendered injurious to health.
Specifically, our investigation revealed that on or about January 5, 2015, you sold a dairy cow identified with back tag (b)(4) for slaughter as food. On or about January 5, 2015, (b)(4), slaughtered this animal. United States Department of Agriculture, Food Safety and Inspection Service (USDA/FSIS) analysis of tissue samples collected from this animal identified the presence of desfuroylceftiofur (marker residue for ceftiofur) at 0.91 parts per million (ppm) in the kidney tissue. USDA/FSIS analysis of tissue samples collected from this animal also identified the presence of flunixin at 0.251 ppm in the liver tissue.
FDA has established a tolerance of 0.4 ppm for residues of desfuroylceftiofur in the kidney tissue of cattle as codified in Title 21, Code of Federal Regulations (C.F.R.), Section 556.113(b)(3) (21 C.F.R. 556.113(b)(3)). FDA has established a tolerance of 0.125 ppm flunixin in liver tissue of cattle, as codified in 21 C.F.R. 556.286(b)(1)(i). The presence of these drugs in edible tissues from this animal in these amounts causes the food to be adulterated within the meaning of section 402(a)(2)(C)(ii) of the FD&C Act, 21 U.S.C. §342(a)(2)(C)(ii).
Our investigation also found that you hold animals under conditions that are so inadequate that medicated animals bearing potentially harmful drug residues are likely to enter the food supply. For example, you failed to maintain treatment records and you failed to segregate treated animals. Food from animals held under such conditions is adulterated within the meaning of section 402(a)(4) of the FD&C Act, 21 U.S.C. §342(a)(4).
We also found that you adulterated the new animal drugs (b)(4) (ceftiofur hydrochloride, NADA (b)(4) and (b)(4) (flunixin meglumine, ANADA (b)(4). Specifically, our investigation revealed that you did not use (b)(4) and (b)(4) as directed by their approved labeling or veterinary prescription. Use of these drugs in this manner is an extralabel use. See 21 C.F.R. 530.3(a). We have enclosed a copy for your reference.
The extralabel use of approved animal or human drugs in animals is allowed under the FD&C Act only if the extralabel use complies with sections 512(a)(4) and (5) of the FD&C Act, 21 U.S.C. 360b(a)(4) and (5), and 21 C.F.R. Part 530, including that the use must be by or on the lawful order of a licensed veterinarian within the context of a valid veterinarian/client/patient relationship.
Our investigation found that you administered (b)(4) to cows without following the dosage per injection site as stated in the approved labeling. Our investigation also found that you administered (b)(4) without following the route of administration as stated in in the approved labeling. Your extralabel use of (b)(4) and (b)(4) was not under the supervision of a licensed veterinarian, in violation of 21 C.F.R. 530.11(a), and your extralabel use of (b)(4) and (b)(4) resulted in illegal residues in violation of 21 C.F.R. 530.11(d). Because your use of these drugs was not in conformance with their approved labeling and did not comply with 21 C.F.R. Part 530, you caused the drugs to be unsafe under section 512(a) of the FD&C Act, 21 U.S.C. §360b(a), and adulterated within the meaning of section 501(a)(5) of the FD&C Act, 21 U.S.C. §351(a)(5).
The above is not intended to be an all-inclusive list of violations. As a producer of animals offered for use as food, you are responsible for ensuring that your overall operation and the food you distribute is in compliance with the law.
You should take prompt action to correct the violations described in this letter and to establish procedures to ensure that these violations do not recur. Failure to do so may result in regulatory action without further notice such as seizure and/or injunction.
You should notify this office in writing of the steps you have taken to bring your firm into compliance with the law within fifteen (15) working days of receiving this letter. Your response should include each step that has been taken or will be taken to correct the violations and prevent their recurrence. If corrective action cannot be completed within fifteen (15) working days of receiving this letter, state the reason for the delay and the time frame within which the corrections will be completed. Please include copies of any available documentation demonstrating that corrections have been made.
Your written response should be sent to Lillian C. Aveta, Compliance Officer, U.S. Food and Drug Administration, 158-15 Liberty Avenue, Jamaica, New York 11433. If you have any questions about this letter, please contact Compliance Officer Lillian C. Aveta at (718) 662-5576 or by e-mail at Lillian.Aveta@fda.hhs.gov.
Ronald M. Pace
New York District