Inspections, Compliance, Enforcement, and Criminal Investigations
Crist Dairy Farm 8/22/13
Department of Health and Human Services
|Public Health Service|
Food and Drug Administration
Cincinnati District Office
6751 Steger Drive
Cincinnati, OH 45237-3097
Telephone: (513) 679-2700
FAX: (513) 679-2761
August 22, 2013
Steven W. Crist, Owner
Crist Dairy Farm
5390 Rochester Road
Homeworth, Ohio 44634-9516
Dear Mr. Crist:
On June 17 and 24, 2013, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) conducted an investigation of your dairy farm located at 5390 Rochester Road, Homeworth, Ohio. This letter notifies you of the violations of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (the FD&C Act) that we found during our investigation of your operation. You can find the FD&C Act and its associated regulations on the Internet through links on FDA’s web page at www.fda.gov.
We found that you offered for sale an animal for slaughter as food that was adulterated. Under section 402(a)(2)(C)(ii) of the FD&C Act, 21 U.S.C. 342(a)(2)(C)(ii), a food is deemed to be adulterated if it bears or contains a new animal drug that is unsafe under section 512 of the FD&C Act, 21 U.S.C. 360b. Further, under section 402(a)(4) of the FD&C Act, 21 U.S.C. 342(a)(4), a food is deemed to be adulterated if it has been held under insanitary conditions whereby it may have been rendered injurious to health.
Specifically, our investigation revealed that on or about February 12, 2013, you offered a bob veal calf, identified with back tag number (b)(4), for slaughter as food. On or about February 13, 2013, (b)(4) slaughtered this animal. United States Department of Agriculture, Food Safety and Inspection Service (USDA/FSIS) analysis of tissue samples collected from this animal identified the presence of 1.74 parts per million (ppm) of desfuroylcentiofur (marker residue for ceftiofur) in the kidney. FDA has established a tolerance of 0.4 ppm for residues of desfuroylceftiofur in the edible kidney tissue of cattle as codified in Title 21, Code of Federal Regulations (C.F.R.), Section 556.113(b)(3)(i) (21 C.F.R. 556.113(b)(3)(i)). However, this tolerance does not apply to the use of Excenel (ceftiofur hydrochloride, NADA 140-890) in veal calves (pre-ruminating calves), and there is no acceptable level of residue associated with the use of ceftiofur in veal calves (pre-ruminating calves). The presence of this drug in edible tissue from this animal in this amount causes the food to be adulterated within the meaning of section 402(a)(2)(C)(ii) of the FD&C Act, 21 U.S.C. § 342(a)(2)(C)(ii).
Our investigation also found that you hold animals under conditions that are so inadequate that medicated animals bearing potentially harmful drug residues are likely to enter the food supply. For example, you failed to maintain treatment records. Food from animals held under such conditions is adulterated within the meaning of section 402(a)(4) of the FD&C Act, 21 U.S.C. 342(a)(4).
We also found that you adulterated the drug Excenel (ceftiofur hydrochloride, NADA 140-890). Specifically, our investigation revealed that you did not use Excenel as directed by its approved labeling. Use of this drug in this manner is an extralabel use, as defined under 21 C.F.R. 530.3(a).
The extralabel use of approved animal or human drugs in animals is allowed under the FD&C Act only if the extralabel use complies with sections 512(a)(4) and (5) of the FD&C Act, 21 U.S.C. §§ 360b(a)(4) and (5), and 21 C.F.R. Part 530, including that the use must be by or on the lawful order of a licensed veterinarian within the context of a valid veterinarian/client/patient relationship.
Our investigation found that you administered Excenel to your bob veal calf identified with back tag (b)(4), without following the animal class as stated in the approved labeling. Excenel is prohibited for extralabel use in veal calves (pre-ruminating calves) by 21 C.F.R. 530.41(a)(13)(iii) and your extralabel use of Excenel resulted in an illegal residue, in violation of 21 C.F.R. 530.11(c). Because your use of this drug was not in conformance with its approved labeling and did not comply with 21 C.F.R. Part 530, you caused the drug to be unsafe under section 512(a) of the FD&C Act, 21 U.S.C. 360b(a), and adulterated within the meaning of section 501(a)(5) of the FD&C Act, 21 U.S.C. 351(a)(5).
The above is not intended to be an all-inclusive list of violations. As a producer of animals offered for use as food, you are responsible for ensuring that your overall operation and the food you distribute is in compliance with the law.
You should take prompt action to correct the violations described in this letter and to establish procedures to ensure that these violations do not recur. Failure to do so may result in regulatory action without further notice such as seizure and/or injunction.
Our investigation also revealed that on or about March 8, 2006, you provided to (b)(4), a signed certification that states that the livestock you sell do not have illegal levels of drug residues. On or about February 12, 2013, you delivered a bob veal calf identified with back tag (b)(4), which contained violative residues of desfuroylceftiofur, to (b)(4). Providing such a false guaranty is prohibited by section 301(h) of the FD&C Act, 21 U.S.C. § 331(h). You should take appropriate actions to ensure that this violation does not recur.
You should notify this office in writing of the steps you have taken to bring your firm into compliance with the law within fifteen (15) working days of receiving this letter. Your response should include each step that has been taken or will be taken to correct the violations and prevent their recurrence. If corrective action cannot be completed within fifteen (15) working days of receiving this letter, state the reason for the delay and the time frame within which the corrections will be completed. Please include copies of any available documentation demonstrating that corrections have been made.
Your written response should be sent to Stephen J. Rabe, Compliance Officer, U.S. Food and Drug Administration, 6751 Steger Drive, Cincinnati, Ohio 45237. If you have any questions about this letter, please contact Mr. Rabe at 513-679-2700 ext 2163 or at the address listed above.
Paul J. Teitell