Inspections, Compliance, Enforcement, and Criminal Investigations
Dutch Dairy 7/11/13
Department of Health and Human Services
|Public Health Service|
Food and Drug Administration
|Los Angeles District|
Irvine, California 92612-2506
Telephone (949) 608-2900
Fax (949) 608-4415
VIA UNITED PARCEL SERVICE
July 11, 2013
W/L # 45-13
Mr. Meindert L. Devries, Partner and Co-owner
Mr. Elder Vandam, Partner and Co-owner
17215 Wild Road
Helendale, California 92342-9625
Dear Messers. Devries and Vandam:
On May 2, 8, and 14, 2013, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) conducted an investigation of your dairy operation located at 17215 Wild Road, Helendale, CA. This letter notifies you of the violations of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (the FD&C Act) that we found during our investigation of your operation. You can find the FD&C Act and its associated regulations on the Internet through links on FDA’s web page at www.fda.gov.
We found that you offered for sale an animal for slaughter as food that was adulterated. Under section 402(a)(2)(C)(ii) of the FD&C Act, 21 U.S.C. 342(a)(2)(C)(ii), a food is deemed to be adulterated if it bears or contains a new animal drug that is unsafe under section 512 of the FD&C Act, 21 U.S.C. 360b. Further, under section 402(a)(4) of the FD&C Act, 21 U.S.C. 342(a)(4), a food is deemed to be adulterated if it has been held under insanitary conditions whereby it may have been rendered injurious to health.
Specifically, our investigation revealed that on or about February 13, 2013, you sold a dairy cow, identified with ear tag (b)(4) and back tag (b)(4), for slaughter as food. On or about February 13, 2013, (b)(4), slaughtered this animal. United States Department of Agriculture, Food Safety and Inspection Service (USDA/FSIS) analysis of tissue samples collected from this animal identified the presence of desfuroylceftiofur at 3.73 parts per million (ppm) in the kidney tissue. FDA has established a tolerance of 0.4 ppm for residues of desfuroylceftiofur in the kidney (target tissue) of cattle as codified in Title 21, Code of Federal Regulations (C.F.R.), Section 556.113(b)(3)(i) (21 C.F.R. 556.113(b)(3)(i)). The presence of this drug in edible tissue from this animal in this amount causes the food to be adulterated within the meaning of section 402(a)(2)(C)(ii) of the FD&C Act, 21 U.S.C. 342(a)(2)(C)(ii).
Our investigation also found that you hold animals under conditions that are so inadequate that medicated animals bearing potentially harmful drug residues are likely to enter the food supply. For example, you failed to maintain complete treatment records. Food from animals held under such conditions is adulterated within the meaning of section 402(a)(4) of the FD&C Act, 21 U.S.C. 342(a)(4).
We also found that you adulterated the new animal drug (b)(4) (ceftiofur hydrochloride), (b)(4). Specifically, our investigation revealed that you did not use (b)(4) (ceftiofur hydrochloride), (b)(4), as directed by its approved labeling. Use of this drug in this manner is an extralabel use as defined under 21 C.F.R. 530.3(a).
The extralabel use of approved animal or human drugs in animals is allowed under the FD&C Act only if the extralabel use complies with sections 512(a)(4) and (5) of the FD&C Act, 21 U.S.C. § 360b(a)(4) and (5), and 21 C.F.R. Part 530, including that the use must be by or on the lawful order of a licensed veterinarian within the context of a valid veterinarian/client/patient relationship.
Our investigation found that you administered (b)(4) (ceftiofur hydrochloride), (b)(4), to your dairy cow, identified with ear tag (b)(4) and back tag (b)(4), without following the withdrawal period as stated in the approved labeling. Your extralabel use of (b)(4) (ceftiofur hydrochloride), (b)(4), was not under the supervision of a licensed veterinarian, in violation of 21 C.F.R. 530.11(a) and your extralabel use of (b)(4) (ceftiofur hydrochloride), (b)(4), resulted in an illegal drug residue, in violation of 21 C.F.R. 530.11(d). Because your use of this drug was not in conformance with its approved labeling and did not comply with 21 C.F.R. Part 530, you caused the drug to be unsafe under section 512(a) of the FD&C Act, 21 U.S.C. 360b(a), and adulterated within the meaning of section 501(a)(5) of the FD&C Act, 21 U.S.C. 351(a)(5).
The above is not intended to be an all-inclusive list of violations. As a producer of animals offered for use as food, you are responsible for ensuring that your overall operation and the food you distribute is in compliance with the law.
We received a copy of your response dated May 16, 2013. Your response is inadequate in that you have not demonstrated the implementation of corrective actions to the deficiencies found during the inspection of your dairy.
You should take prompt action to correct the violations described in this letter and to establish procedures to ensure that these violations do not recur. Failure to do so may result in regulatory action without further notice such as seizure and/or injunction.
You should notify this office in writing of the steps you have taken to bring your firm into compliance with the law within fifteen (15) working days of receiving this letter. Your response should include each step that has been taken or will be taken to correct the violations and prevent their recurrence. If corrective action cannot be completed within fifteen (15) working days of receiving this letter, state the reason for the delay and the time frame within which the corrections will be completed. Please include copies of any available documentation demonstrating that corrections have been made.
Your response should be sent to:
Mr. Blake Bevill
Director, Compliance Branch
Food and Drug Administration
Irvine, CA 92612-2506
If you have questions regarding any issues in this letter, please contact Dr. William Vitale, Compliance Officer at 949-608-2919.
Alonza E. Cruse
Los Angeles District
Hugo Cornejo, Acting Chief
California Department of Public Health
Food and Drug Branch
1500 Capitol Avenue, MS-7602
Sacramento, CA 95899-7413
Thomas Joseph Ferguson, D.V.M.
19738 Luke Drive
Escondido, California 92029