Inspections, Compliance, Enforcement, and Criminal Investigations
Meerland Dairy Llc 11/27/12
Department of Health and Human Services
|Public Health Service|
Food and Drug Administration
Cincinnati District Office
6751 Steger Drive
Cincinnati, OH 45237-3097
Telephone: (513) 679-2700
FAX: (513) 679-2771
November 27, 2012 Via United Parcel Service
Martinus de Haan, Owner
Meerland Dairy LLC
16039 Pleasantview Rd.
South Solon, Ohio 43153
Dear Mr. de Haan:
On August 06, 07 and 09, 2012, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) conducted an investigation of your dairy operation located at 16039 Pleasantview Rd., South Solon, Ohio. This letter notifies you of the violations of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (the FD&C Act) that we found during our investigation of your operation. You can find the FD&C Act and its associated regulations on the Internet through links on FDA’s web page at www.fda.gov.
We found that you offered for sale an animal for slaughter as food that was adulterated. Under section 402(a)(2)(C)(ii) of the FD&C Act, 21 U.S.C. § 342(a)(2)(C)(ii), a food is deemed to be adulterated if it bears or contains a new animal drug that is unsafe under section 512 of the FD&C Act, 21 U.S.C. § 360b. Further, under section 402(a)(4) of the FD&C Act, 21 U.S.C. § 342(a)(4), a food is deemed to be adulterated if it has been held under insanitary conditions whereby it may have been rendered injurious to health.
Specifically, our investigation revealed that on or about April 04, 2012, you sold a cull cow, identified with the ear tag (b)(4) for slaughter as food. On or about April 06, 2012, (b)(4) slaughtered this animal. United States Department of Agriculture, Food Safety and Inspection Service (USDA/FSIS) analysis of tissue samples collected from this animal identified the presence of 9.556 parts per million (ppm) of tilmicosin in the liver. FDA has established a tolerance of 1.2 ppm for residues of tilmicosin in the liver tissues of cattle as codified in Title 21, Code of Federal Regulations (C.F.R.), Section 556.735 (21 C.F.R. 556.735). However, this tolerance does not apply to the use of Micotil (tilmicosin injection) NADA 140-929, in female dairy cattle 20 months of age or older, and there is no acceptable level of residue associated with the use of this drug in female dairy cattle 20 months of age or older. The presence of this drug in edible tissue from this animal in this amount causes the food to be adulterated within the meaning of section 402(a)(2)(C)(ii) of the FD&C Act, 21 U.S.C. § 342(a)(2)(C)(ii).
Our investigation also found that you hold animals under conditions that are so inadequate that medicated animals bearing potentially harmful drug residues are likely to enter the food supply. For example, you failed to maintain complete treatment records and failed to adequately segregate treated animals to prevent them from being sold for slaughter for food. Food from animals held under such conditions is adulterated within the meaning of section 402(a)(4) of the FD&C Act, 21 U.S.C. § 342(a)(4).
We also found that you adulterated the new animal drug Micotil (tilmicosin injection) NADA 140-929. Specifically, our investigation revealed that you did not use tilmicosin as directed by its approved labeling. Use of this drug in this manner is an extralabel use, as defined at 21 C.F.R. 530.3(a).
The extralabel use of approved animal or human drugs in animals is allowed under the FD&C Act only if the extralabel use complies with sections 512(a)(4) and (5) of the FD&C Act, 21 U.S.C. § 360b(a)(4) and (5), and 21 C.F.R. Part 530, including that the use must be by or on the lawful order of a licensed veterinarian within the context of a valid veterinarian/client/patient relationship.
Our investigation found that you administered tilmicosin to your dairy cow identified with the ear tag (b)(4) without following the dose, animal class, and withdrawal period as stated in the approved labeling or any directions provided by a licensed veterinarian. Your extralabel use of tilmicosin was not under the supervision of a licensed veterinarian, in violation of 21 C.F.R. 530.11(a) and your extralabel use of tilmicosin resulted in an illegal drug residue, in violation of 21 C.F.R. 530.11(c). Because your use of this drug was not in conformance with its approved labeling and did not comply with 21 C.F.R. Part 530, you caused the drug to be unsafe under section 512(a) of the FD&C Act, 21 U.S.C. § 360b(a), and adulterated within the meaning of section 501(a)(5) of the FD&C Act, 21 U.S.C. § 351(a)(5).
The above is not intended to be an all-inclusive list of violations. As a producer of animals offered for use as food, you are responsible for ensuring that your overall operation and the food you distribute is in compliance with the law.
You should take prompt action to correct the violations described in this letter and to establish procedures to ensure that these violations do not recur. Failure to do so may result in regulatory action without further notice such as seizure and/or injunction.
You should notify this office in writing of the steps you have taken to bring your firm into compliance with the law within fifteen (15) working days of receiving this letter. Your response should include each step that has been taken or will be taken to correct the violations and prevent their recurrence. If corrective action cannot be completed within fifteen (15) working days of receiving this letter, state the reason for the delay and the time frame within which the corrections will be completed. Please include copies of any available documentation demonstrating that corrections have been made.
Your written response should be sent to Mark E. Parmon, Compliance Officer, U.S. Food and Drug Administration, 6751 Steger Drive, Cincinnati, Ohio 45237. If you have any questions about this letter, please contact Compliance Officer Mark E. Parmon at (513) 679-2700 Ext. 162.
Toniette K. Williams
Acting District Director
cc: Dr. Tony Forshey, Acting Chief
Ohio Department of Agriculture
8995 East Main Street
Reynoldsburg, OH 43068-3399