Inspections, Compliance, Enforcement, and Criminal Investigations
Golden Genes Dairy 4/10/12
Department of Health and Human Services
|Public Health Service|
Food and Drug Administration
|San Francisco District|
1431 Harbor Bay Parkway
Alameda, CA 94502-7070
UNITED PARCEL SERVICE
DELIVERY SIGNATURE REQUESTED
Our Reference: 3004645011
April 10, 2012
Mr. Walter J. Bledsoe, Co-Owner
Mrs. Elizabeth Bledsoe, Co-Owner
Golden Genes Dairy
3899 West Davis Avenue
Riverdale, California 93656-9417
Dear Mr. & Mrs. Bledsoe:
On January 17 and 23, 2012, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) conducted an investigation of your dairy operation located at 15669 South Valentine, Caruthers, California. This letter notifies you of the violations of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (the FD&C Act) that we found during our investigation of your operation. You can find the FD&C Act and its associated regulations on the Internet through links on FDA's web page at www.fda.gov.
We found that you offered for sale an animal for slaughter as food that was adulterated. Under section 402(a)(2)(C)(ii) of the FD&C Act, 21 U.S.C. § 342(a)(2)(C)(ii), a food is deemed to be adulterated if it bears or contains a new animal drug that is unsafe under section 512 of the FD&C Act, 21 U.S.C. § 360b. Further, under section 402(a)(4) of the FD&C Act, 21 U.S.C. § 342(a)(4), a food is deemed to be adulterated if it has been held under insanitary conditions whereby it may have been rendered injurious to health.
Specifically, our investigation revealed that on or about October 3, 2011, you sold a cow, identified with ear tag (b)(4) for slaughter as food. On or about October 3, 2011, (b)(4) slaughtered this animal. United States Department of Agriculture, Food Safety and Inspection Service (USDA/FSIS) analysis of tissue samples collected from this animal identified the presence of penicillin at 0.39 parts per million (ppm) in the kidney tissue. FDA has established a tolerance of 0.05 ppm for residues of penicillin in the uncooked edible tissues of cattle as codified in Title 21, Code of Federal Regulations (C.F.R.), Section 556.510 (21 C.F.R. 556.510). The presence of this drug in edible tissue from this animal in this amount causes the food to be adulterated within the meaning of section 402(a)(2)(C)(ii) of the FD&C Act, 21 U.S.C. § 342(a)(2)(C)(ii).
Our investigation also found that you hold animals under conditions that are so inadequate that medicated animals bearing potentially harmful drug residues are likely to enter the food supply.
For example, you failed to maintain complete treatment records. Food from animals held under such conditions is adulterated within the meaning of section 402(a)(4) of the FD&C Act, 21 U.S.C. § 342(a)(4).
We also found that you adulterated the new animal drugs (b)(4) (penicillin G procaine injection, (b)(4)) and (b)(4) (flunixin meglumine, (b)(4)). Specifically, our investigation revealed that you did not use (b)(4) (penicillin G procaine, (b)(4)) as directed by its approved labeling. Our investigation also revealed that you did not use (b)(4) (flunixin meglumine, (b)(4)) as prescribed by your veterinarian. Use of these drugs in this manner is an extralabel use. See 21 C.F.R. 530.3(a). We have enclosed a copy for your reference.
The extralabel use of approved animal or human drugs in animals is allowed under the FD&C Act only if the extralabel use complies with sections 512(a)(4) and (5) of the FD&C Act, 21 U.S.C. § 360b(a)(4) and (5), and 21 C.F.R. Part 530, including that the use must be by or on the lawful order of a licensed veterinarian within the context of a valid veterinarian/client/patient relationship.
Our investigation found that you administered (b)(4) (penicillin G procaine injection, (b)(4)) to one of your dairy cows, identified with ear tag (b)(4) without following the dosage amount per injection site and contrary to the conditions for use as stated in the approved labeling. Your extralabel use of (b)(4) (penicillin G procaine injection, (b)(4)), was not under the supervision of a licensed veterinarian in violation of 21 C.F.R. 530.11(a) and your extralabel use of (b)(4) (penicillin G procaine injection, (b)(4)), resulted in an illegal drug residue, in violation of 21 C.F.R. 530.11(d). We also found that you administer (b)(4) (flunixin meglumine, (b)(4)), to your dairy cows without following the route of administration as prescribed in your veterinarian's directions for use and as stated in the approved labeling, in violation of 21 C.F.R. 530.11(a). Because your use of these drugs was not in conformance with their approved labeling or your veterinarian's prescription and did not comply with 21 C.F.R. Part 530, you caused the drugs to be unsafe under section 512(a) of the FD&C Act, 21 U.S.C. § 360b(a), and adulterated within the meaning of section 501 (a)(5) of the FD&C Act, 21 U.S.C. § 351(a)(5).
The above is not intended to be an all-inclusive list of violations. As a producer of animals offered for use as food, you are responsible for ensuring that your overall operation and the food you distribute is in compliance with the law.
You should take prompt action to correct the violations described in this letter and to establish procedures to ensure that these violations do not recur. Failure to do so may result in regulatory action without further notice such as seizure and/or injunction.
You should notify this office in writing of the steps you have taken to bring your firm into compliance with the law within fifteen (15) working days of receiving this letter. Your response should include each step that has been taken or will be taken to correct the violations and prevent their recurrence. If corrective action cannot be completed within fifteen (15) working days of receiving this letter, state the reason for the delay and the time frame within which the corrections will be completed. Please include copies of any available documentation demonstrating that corrections have been made.
Your written response should be sent to Darlene Almogela, Director, Compliance Branch, U.S. Food and Drug Administration, San Francisco District, at 1431 Harbor Bay Parkway, Alameda, California 94502. If you have any questions about this letter, please contact Compliance Officer Karen L. Robles at (916) 930-3674 extension 1114 or via e-mail at Karen.Robles@fda.hhs.gov.
Barbara J. Cassens
San Francisco District
U.S. Food and Drug Administration