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U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

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Enforcement Actions

Farriss Dairy Farms 9/16/11

  

Department of Health and Human Services' logoDepartment of Health and Human Services

Public Health Service
Food and Drug Administration
 Cincinnati District Office
Central Region
6751 Steger Drive
Cincinnati, OH 45237-3097
Telephone: (513) 679-2700
FAX: (513) 679-2761
 

WARNING LETTER
CIN-11-218714-26

September 16, 2011

Via United Parcel Service
 

Mr. William D. Farriss, Owner
Farriss Dairy Farms
1373 Eckard Road
Dalton, Ohio 44618-9665

Dear Mr. William D. Farriss:

On July 15 and 22, 2011, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) conducted an investigation of your dairy operation located at 1373 Eckard Road, Dalton, Ohio. This letter notifies you of the violations of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (the FD&C Act) that we found during our investigation of your operation. You can find the FD&C Act and its associated regulations on the Internet through links on FDA’s web page at www.fda.gov

We found that you offered for sale an animal for slaughter as food that was adulterated. Under section 402(a)(2)(C)(ii) of the FD&C Act, 21 U.S.C. § 342(a)(2)(C)(ii), a food is deemed to be adulterated if it bears or contains a new animal drug that is unsafe under section 512 of the FD&C Act, 21 U.S.C. § 360b. Further, under section 402(a)(4) of the FD&C Act, 21 U.S.C. § 342(a)(4), a food is deemed to be adulterated if it has been held under insanitary conditions whereby it may have been rendered injurious to health.

Specifically, our investigation revealed that on or about January 13, 2011, you sold a dairy cow, identified with ear tag (b)(4) for slaughter as food. On or about January 14, 2011, (b)(4) slaughtered this animal. United States Department of Agriculture, Food Safety and Inspection Service (USDA/FSIS) analysis of tissue samples collected from this animal identified the presence of 33.76 parts per million (ppm) of neomycin in the kidney tissue. FDA has established a tolerance of 7.2 ppm for residues of neomycin in the edible tissues of cattle as codified in Title 21, Code of Federal Regulations (C.F.R.), 556.430 (21 C.F.R. 556.430). However, this tolerance does not apply to the use of (b)(4) Neomycin Liquid (b)(4) in female dairy cattle 20 months of age or older, and there is no acceptable level of residue associated with the use of this drug in this animal class. The presence of this drug in edible tissue from this animal in this amount causes the food to be adulterated within the meaning of section 402(a)(2)(C)(ii) of the FD&C Act, 21 U.S.C. § 342(a)(2)(C)(ii).

Our investigation also found that you hold animals under conditions that are so inadequate that medicated animals bearing potentially harmful drug residues are likely to enter the food supply. For example, you failed to maintain complete treatment records. Food from animals held under such conditions is adulterated within the meaning of section 402(a)(4) of the FD&C Act, 21 U.S.C. § 342(a)(4).

We also found that you adulterated the new animal drug neomycin sulfate (Neomycin Liquid), (b)(4). Specifically, our investigation revealed that you did not use neomycin as directed by its approved labeling.  Use of this drug in this manner is an extralabel use. 21 C.F.R. 530.3(a).

The extralabel use of approved animal or human drugs in animals is allowed under the FD&C Act only if the extralabel use complies with sections 512(a)(4) and (5) of the FD&C Act, 21 U.S.C. § 360b(a)(4) and (5), and 21 C.F.R. Part 530, including that the use must be by or on the lawful order of a licensed veterinarian within the context of a valid veterinarian/client/patient relationship. 

Our investigation found that you administered neomycin sulfate to a dairy cow without following the animal class as stated in the approved labeling. Your extralabel use of neomycin sulfate was not under the supervision of a licensed veterinarian, in violation of 21 C.F.R. 530.11(a), and your extralabel use of neomycin sulfate resulted in an illegal drug residue, in violation of 21 C.F.R. § 530.11(c). In addition your extralabel use of neomycin sulfate was in or on feed, in violation of 21 C.F.R. 530.11(b).  Because your use of this drug was not in conformance with its approved labeling and did not comply with 21 C.F.R. Part 530, you caused the drug to be unsafe under section 512(a) of the FD&C Act, 21 U.S.C. § 360b(a), and adulterated within the meaning of section 501(a)(5) of the FD&C Act, 21 U.S.C. § 351(a)(5).

In addition, you adulterated (b)(4) animal feed within the meaning of section 501(a)(6) of the FD&C Act, 21 U.S.C. § 351(a)(6), when you added neomycin sulfate, and you failed to use the medicated feed in conformance with its approved labeling. Your use of this medicated feed without following the animal class as directed by the approved labeling caused this medicated feed to be unsafe under section 512(a)(2) of the FD&C Act, 21 U.S.C. § 360b(a)(2), and adulterated within the meaning of section 501(a)(6) of the FD&C Act, 21 U.S.C. § 351(a)(6).  Section 512 of the FD&C Act, 21 U.S.C. § 360b, and 21 C.F.R. 530.11(b) do not permit the extralabel use of medicated feed.

The above is not intended to be an all-inclusive list of violations. As a producer of animals offered for use as food, you are responsible for ensuring that your overall operation and the food you distribute is in compliance with the law.

You should take prompt action to correct the violations described in this letter and to establish procedures to ensure that these violations do not recur. Failure to do so may result in regulatory action without further notice such as seizure and/or injunction. 

Our investigation also revealed that on or about January 13, 2011, you provided to (b)(4) a signed certification that states that the cows with ear tag (b)(4) were not medicated. On or about January 13, 2011, you delivered a cow identified with ear tag (b)(4), which contained a violative neomycin residue, to (b)(4). Providing such a false guaranty is prohibited by section 301(h) of the FD&C Act, 21 U.S.C. § 331(h).  You should take appropriate actions to ensure that this violation does not recur.

You should notify this office in writing of the steps you have taken to bring your firm into compliance with the law within fifteen (15) working days of receiving this letter. Your response should include each step that has been taken or will be taken to correct the violations and prevent their recurrence. If corrective action cannot be completed within fifteen (15) working days of receiving this letter, state the reason for the delay and the time frame within which the corrections will be completed. Please include copies of any available documentation demonstrating that corrections have been made.

Your written response should be sent to Allison C. Hunter, Compliance Officer, U.S. Food and Drug Administration, 6751 Steger Drive, Cincinnati, Ohio 45237.  If you have any questions about this letter, please contact Compliance Officer Hunter at 513-679-2700 ext. 2134.

Sincerely yours,

/s/

Cheryl A. Bingham
Acting District Director
Cincinnati District