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U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

Inspections, Compliance, Enforcement, and Criminal Investigations

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Vermeer & Goedhart Dairy 17-Sep-04

Department of Health and Human Services' logoDepartment of Health and Human Services

Public Health Service
Food and Drug Administration


San Francisco District
1431 Harbor Bay Parkway
Alameda, CA 94502-7070
Telephone: 510/337-6700

Our Reference: 3004547853

September 17, 2004

Bernardus P. Goedhart, Owner
Vermeer & Goedhart Dairy
18683 Magnolia Avenue
Shafter, California 93263


Dear Mr. Goedhart:

An investigation of your dairy operation at 18683 Magnolia Avenue, Shafter, California conducted by a Food and Drug Administration (FDA) investigator on April 26, 27, and 28, 2004 confirmed that you offered an animal for sale for slaughter as food in violation of Sections 402(a)(2)(C)(ii) and 402(a)(4) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (the Act), 21 U.S.C. 342(a)(2)(C)(ii) and 342(a)(4).

On or about August 28, 2003, you consigned a cow identified by United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) laboratory report number 435815 to be slaughtered for human food to [redacted] USDA analysis of tissue samples collected from that animal identified the presence of the following residues:

Residue Type Residue Level Site Tolerance 21 CFR Reference
Penicillin 0.16 ppm Kidney 0.05 ppm 21 CFR 556.510
Penicillin 0.07 ppm Liver 0.05 ppm 21 CFR 556.510

The presence of penicillin above established tolerance levels in the edible tissues from this animal causes the food to be adulterated within the meaning of Section 402(a)(2)(C)(ii) of the Act

A food is adulterated under Section 402(a)(4) of the Act “if it has been prepared, packed, or held under insanitary conditions whereby it may have been rendered injurious to health.” As it applies in this case, “insanitary conditions” means that you hold animals which are ultimately offered for sale for slaughter as food under conditions whereby medicated animals bearing possibly harmful drug residues could enter the food supply. For example, our investigator observed the following:

1. Your firm fails to follow either the labeled directions or your veterinarian’s prescription on the following drugs:

  • [redacted]
  • [redacted]
  • [redacted]
  • [redacted]
  • [redacted]
  • [redacted]

2. Your firm fails to maintain a complete, written medication treatment record system for your animals that includes all treatments, the dosage of each drug administered, the route of administration, the meat or milk withdrawal time, and the person who administered each drug;

3. Your firm fails to maintain a drug inventory/accountability system for determining the quantities of drugs used to medicate your livestock.

You adulterate animal drugs within the meaning of Section 501(a)(5) of the Act when you fail to use the drugs in conformance with their approved conditions of use or the extralabel use regulations at 21 C.F.R. 530. Extralabel use of animal drugs is permitted only on the lawful order of a licensed veterinarian within the context of a valid veterinarian-client-patient relationship and in compliance with the criteria set forth at 21 C.F.R. 530. Because your use of the following drugs:

  • [redacted]
  • [redacted]
  • [redacted]
  • [redacted]
  • [redacted]
  • [redacted]

on your cattle did not conform with the drugs’ approved labeling or the extralabel use regulations, the drugs are unsafe under Section 512(a) of the Act. As a result, your use of these drugs caused them to be adulterated within the meaning of Section 501(a)(5) of the Act.

The above is not intended to be an all-inclusive list of violations. As a producer of animals offered for use as food, you are responsible for assuring that your overall operations and the food you distribute are in compliance with the law.

It is not necessary for you to personally ship an adulterated animal in interstate commerce to be responsible for a violation of the Act. The fact that you caused the adulteration of an animal that was sold and subsequently offered for sale to a slaughterhouse that ships in interstate commerce is sufficient to hold you responsible for a violation of the Act.

You should take prompt action to correct the above violations and to establish procedures whereby such violations do not occur. Failure to do so may result in regulatory action, such as a seizure and/or injunction, without further notice.

You should notify this office in writing within 15 working days of receipt of this letter of the steps you have taken to bring your dairy into compliance with the law. Your response should include each step being taken, that has been taken, or that will be taken to correct the violations and prevent their recurrence. If corrective action cannot be completed within 15 working days, state the reason for the delay and the time frame within which the corrections will be completed. Please include copies of any available documentation demonstrating that corrections have been made.

Your response should be directed to: Ms. Harumi Kishida, Compliance Officer, U.S. Food and Drug Administration, 1431 Harbor Bay Parkway, Alameda, CA 94502-7070. If you have any questions regarding any issue in this letter, please contact Ms. Kishida at (510) 337-6824.



Charles D. Moss, Acting Director for
Barbara J. Cassens
District Director
San Francisco District

Brandon W. Goedhart, General Manager