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U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

Inspections, Compliance, Enforcement, and Criminal Investigations

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Cnossen Dairy 26-Jan-04

Department of Health and Human Services' logoDepartment of Health and Human Services

Public Health Service
Food and Drug Administration


Seattle District
Pacific Region
22201 23rd Drive SE
Bothell, WA 98021-4421
Telephone: 425-486-8788
FAX: 425-483-4996

January 26, 2004


In reply refer to Warning Letter SEA 04-18

James B. Cnossen, Co-Owner
Cnossen Dairy
2346 E. 3600 S.
Jerome, ID 83338


Dear Mr. Cnossen:

An investigation at your dairy located at 3451 S. 1800 E. Wendell, Idaho, conducted by a Food and Drug Administration (FDA) investigator on December 8-10, 2003, confirmed that you offered an animal for sale for slaughter as food in violation of Sections 402(a)(2)(C)(ii) and 402(a)(4) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (the Act). You also caused the adulteration of an animal drug because the drug was used in a manner that does not conform to its approved uses or the extralabel use regulations at Title 21, Code of Federal Regulations, Part 530 (21 CFR Part 530). This caused the drug to be unsafe under Section 512(a) of the Act and adulterated within the meaning of Section 501(a)(5) of the Act.

On or about, August 26, 2003, you sold a culled dairy cow, back tag #370, identified on USDA- FSIS Lab Form #433485. This cow was sold for slaughter as human food to [redacted], who in turn sold the cow to [redacted] United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) analysis of a tissue sample collected from that cow identified the presence of penicillin at 0.22 parts per million (PPM) in the kidney. The established tolerance for residues of penicillin in kidney tissue is 0.05 PPM, per 21 CFR 556.510. The presence of penicillin above its established tolerance level in the edible tissues of this animal caused the food to be adulterated within the meaning of Section 402(a)(2)(C)(ii) of the Act.

A food is adulterated under Section 402(a)(4) of the Act “if it has been prepared, packed, or held under insanitary conditions...whereby it may have been rendered injurious to health.” As it applies in this case, “insanitary conditions” means that you hold animals which are ultimately offered for sale for slaughter as food under conditions that are inadequate to prevent animals bearing potentially harmful drug residues from entering the food supply. For example, our investigator noted the following conditions on your farm:

1. You lack an adequate system for assuring that animals to which you administer medication have been withheld from slaughter for appropriate periods of time to deplete potentially hazardous residues of drugs.

2. You lack an adequate system for assuring that drugs are not used in a manner contrary to the directions contained in their approved labeling.

The investigation also determined that you adulterated an animal drug within the meaning of Section 501(a)(5) of the Act when you failed to use the drug in conformance with its approved conditions of use or the extralabel use regulations at 21 CFR Part 530. Specifically, you use the drug Polyflex in excess of the labeled dosage without a prescription for such use. Extralabel drug use is permitted only on the lawful order of a licensed veterinarian within the context of a valid veterinarian-client-patient relationship and in conformance with all other criteria set forth in 21 CFR Part 530, including that there may be no residue above established tolerance levels. Your use of penicillin failed to comply with the extralabel use regulations, causing the drug to be unsafe under Section 512(a) of the Act and adulterated within the meaning of Section 501(a)(5) of the Act.

You should be aware that it is not necessary for you to personally ship an adulterated animal in interstate commerce to be responsible for a violation of the Act. The fact that you offered an adulterated animal for sale that was shipped in interstate commerce to be a slaughterhouse is sufficient to make you responsible for violations of the Act.

The above is not intended to be an all-inclusive list of violations. As a producer of animals offered for sale for use as food, you are responsible for ensuring that your operations and the foods you distribute are in compliance with the law. You should take prompt action to correct the above violations and to establish procedures whereby such violations do not occur. Failure to do so may result in regulatory action without further notice, such as seizure and/or injunction.

Please respond within fifteen (15) days of receipt of this letter and notify this office in writing of the specific steps you have taken to correct these violations and preclude their recurrence. If corrective action cannot be completed within fifteen working days, state the reason for the delay and the time frame within which corrections will be completed.

Please send your reply to the Food and Drug Administration, Attention: Bruce Williamson, Compliance Officer, 22201 23rd Drive SE, Bothell, WA 98021-4421. If you have questions regarding any issue in this letter, please contact Bruce Williamson, Compliance Officer, (425) 483-4976.



Charles M. Breen
District Director