Inspections, Compliance, Enforcement, and Criminal Investigations
Carlos Lourenco Dairy 13-Nov-03
Department of Health and Human Services
Public Health Service
San Francisco District
Via Federal Express
Our Reference: 3002919071
November 13, 2003
Carlos C. Lourenco
Carlos Lourenco Dairy
6557 Oak Avenue
Merced, CA 95340
Dear Mr. Lourenco:
A tissue residue report received by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) from the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) reported the presence of an illegal drug residue in a cow that originated from your dairy. As a follow-up to USDAs finding, our investigator performed an inspection of your dairy operation from September 17 to September 19, 2003. This inspection revealed serious deviations from the regulations for Tolerances for Residues of New Animal Drugs in Food, Title 21, Code of Federal Regulations (C.F.R.), Part 556. These deviations cause animal drugs to be unsafe under Section 512 of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (the Act) (21 U.S.C. 360b). Use of these drugs in violation of the regulations causes the drugs to be adulterated within the meaning of 501(a) of the Act (21 U.S.C. 351(a)). Illegal drug residues in food-producing cattle that result from use of unsafe drugs causes the food to be adulterated under Section 402(a)(2)(C)(ii) of the Act (21 U.S.C. 342(a)(2)(C)(ii)). Further, failure to have systems in place to ensure that cattle with illegal drug residues do not enter the food supply cause the food to be adulterated under Section 402(a)(4) of the Act (21 U.S.C. 342(a)(4).
On June 11, 2003, you sold a dairy cow, identified with an ear tag having the
last four digits of [redacted] slaughter as human food. USDA analysis of tissue
samples (USDAs Lab Report collected from that animal identified the presence
of the drug penicillin in the Kidney at 0.21 parts per million (ppm) and in
the Liver at 0.29 ppm. The tolerance level for penicillin in uncooked edible
tissue of cattle is 0.05 ppm. (21 C.F.R. 556.510). Your use of penicillin in
the animal resulted in the illegal drug residue found in the kidney and in the
liver. The investigation revealed that you failed to use the drug Penicillin
G Procaine, product brand [redacted] conformance with its approved labeling.
Failure to use the drug in conformance with its approved labeling causes it
to be unsafe within the meaning of Section 512(a)(1)(B) (21 U.S.C. 360b(a)(1)(B))
and adulterated within the meaning of Section 501(a)(5) of the Act (21 U.S.C.
The manufacturers labeling prescribes a dosage of 3,000 units per pound of body weight or 1mL for each 100 pounds of body weight once daily, intramuscular, and that treatment should not exceed 4 consecutive days. The labeling further states that no more than 10 ml, is to be injected into one site. You are administering, without a written prescription from your veterinarian for off-label use,40-cc a day, intramuscular, all in one site, for up to 17 consecutive days. Failure to comply with the label instructions on drugs you use to treat your animals presents the likely possibility that illegal residues will occur and makes the drugs unsafe for use.
The investigation also revealed that you lack an adequate system for determining the medication status of animals and assuring that animals to which you administer medication, such as dairy cows, have been withheld from slaughter for an appropriate period of time to deplete potentially hazardous residues of drug. Failure to have such systems in place cause the foods to be adulterated under Section 402(a)(4) of the Act (21 U.S.C. 342(a)(4)), in that the food has been prepared, packed, or held under insanitary conditions. . . whereby it may have been rendered injurious to health. For example, our investigators observed the following:
1. You lack an adequate system for determining the medication status of animals you offer for slaughter. Your medication records for your dairy cows do not contain the dosages administered and the name of the individual performing the medication of each animal at your dairy.
2. You lack an adequate system for assuring that animals to which you administer medication have been withheld from slaughter for appropriate periods of time to deplete potentially hazardous residues of drugs.
3. You lack an adequate system for assuring that drugs are used in a manner consistent with the directions contained in the labeling or your veterinarians prescription labeling.
4. You lack an adequate system for assuring that the drugs that you use are
5. You lack drug inventory/accountability system.
We request that you take prompt action to ensure that animals you offer for sale as human food will not be adulterated with drugs or contain illegal residues.
Introducing adulterated foods into interstate commerce is a violation of Section 301(a) of the Act (21 U.S.C. 331(a)). Causing the adulteration of drugs after receipt in interstate commerce is a violation of Section 301(k) of the Act (21 U.S.C. 331(k)).
You should be aware that it is not necessary for you to have personally shipped an adulterated animal in interstate commerce to be responsible for a violation of the Act. The fact that you offered an adulterated animal for sale to a slaughter facility where it was held for sale in interstate commerce is sufficient to make you responsible for violations of the Act.
This is not intended to be an all-inclusive list of violations. It is your responsibility to ensure that all requirements of the Act are being met. Failure to achieve prompt corrections may result in enforcement action without further notice, including seizure and/or injunction.
You should notify our office in writing, within fifteen (15) working days of the receipt of this letter, of the specific steps you have taken to correct these violations and preclude their recurrence. If corrective action cannot be completed within fifteen working days, state the reason for the delay and the time frame within which corrections will be completed. Your response should address each discrepancy brought to your attention during the inspection and in this letter, and should de copies of any documentation demonstrating that corrections have been made. Please direct your reply to Lawton W. Lum, Compliance Officer, United States Food Administration, 1431 Harbor Bay Parkway, Alameda, CA 94502.
Dennis K. Linsley
San Francisco District