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U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

Inspections, Compliance, Enforcement, and Criminal Investigations

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L-J Farms, Inc. 29-Jul-03

Department of Health and Human Services' logo

Public Health Service
Food and Drug Administration

  Minneapolis District Office
Central Region
212 Third Avenue South
Minneapolis, MN 56401
Telephone: (612) 334-4100
FAX: (612) 334-4134

July 29, 2003

Luke W. Weninger
L-J Farms, Inc.
5355 Division Road
West Bend, Wisconsin 53095

Dear Mr. Weninger:

On May 20 and 21, 2003, an investigator from the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) conducted an inspection at your dairy farm located in West Bend, Wisconsin. That inspection revealed that you used an animal drug in a manner that does not conform with its approved use or the regulations for Extralabel Drug Use in Animals (Title 21, Code of Federal Regulations, Part 530 (21 CFR Part 530)]. This caused the animal drug to be unsafe under Section 512(a) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (the Act) and adulterated within the meaning of Section 501(a)(5) of the Act.

On or about December 18, 2002, you offered a dairy cow (back tag #35GD6-369) for slaughter as human food to [redacted] U.S.
Department of Agriculture (USDA) analysis of tissue samples collected from this cow identified the presence of flunixin at 0.145 ppm in the liver. A tolerance of 0.125 ppm has been established for residues in cattle liver (21 CFR 556.286, copy enclosed).

Flunixin is not approved for use in lactating or dry dairy cows per 21 CFR 522.970 (copy enclosed). However, the extralabel use of approved veterinary or human drugs is allowed if the use complies with Sections 512(a)(4) and 512(a)(5) of the Act & the regulations contained in 21 CFR Part 530. Our investigation found that your extralabel use of flunixin failed to comply with these requirements, such as:

  • Under 21 CFR 530.11 (a), extralabel use by a layperson is not permitted except under the supervision of a licensed veterinarian. You administered flunixin to the aforementioned dairy cow without the supervision of a licensed veterinarian, and you failed to follow a lo-day withhold time for meat that had been specified on the veterinarian’s label.
  • Your extralabel use of flunixin resulted in an illegal drug residue. 21 CFR 530.11(d) prohibits any extralabel use that results in a residue above an established tolerance level.

Because your extralabel use of flunixin was not in compliance with 21 CFR Part 530, the drug is unsafe under Section 512(a) of the Act. As a result, your use of this drug caused it to be adulterated within the meaning of Section 501(a)(5) of the Act.

It is not necessary for you to personally ship an adulterated drug in interstate commerce to be responsible for a violation of the Act. The fact that you caused the adulteration of a drug that was sold in interstate commerce is sufficient to hold you responsible for a violation of the Act.

Our investigation also found that you failed to maintain drug treatment records. See observation number three on the form FDA-483. It is very important that you maintain complete drug treatment records to allow you to properly adhere to withdrawal times for milk and meat.

The above is not intended to be an all-inclusive list of violations. As a producer of animals offered for use as food, you are responsible for ensuring that your overall operation and the foods you distribute are in compliance with the law. You should take prompt action to correct the above violations and to establish procedures whereby such violations do not recur. Failure to do so may result in regulatory action without further notice, such as seizure and/or injunction.

We have enclosed a copy of 21 CFR Part 530 for your reference. We strongly suggest that you review 21 CFR Part 530 and become familiar with all of its requirements so that you can prevent future violations of the Act. You should notify this office in writing within 15 working days of receipt of this letter of the specific steps you have taken to correct the noted violations, including an explanation of each step being taken to prevent the recurrence of similar violations. If corrective action cannot be completed within 15 working days, state the reason for the delay and the time within which the corrections will be completed. Also include copies of any available documentation demonstrating that your corrections have been made.

Your reply should be directed to Compliance Officer Timothy G. Philips at the address indicated on the letterhead.


W. Charles Becoat
Minneapolis District