Inspections, Compliance, Enforcement, and Criminal Investigations
Shelly Smith Farm 14-Dec-01
DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES
Food and Drug Administration
Atlanta District Office
60 8th Street, N.E.
Atlanta, Georgia 30309
December 14, 2001
VIA FEDERAL EXPRESS
Jarrett S. Smith, Owner
Shelly Smith Farm
42757 Loop Road
Norwood, North Carolina 28128
Dear Mr. Smith:
An investigation of your dairy operation by Investigator Richard L. Garcia in April 2001,
confirmed that you offered an animal for sale for slaughter as food, in violation of the
Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (the Act). The animal was adulterated food within
the meaning of Sections 402(a) (2)(C)(ii) and 402(a)(4) of the Act.
On or about September 29, 2000, you sold a cow, identified with tag #55AA8082, and as , for slaughter as human food at [redacted]. The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) /Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS) analysis of tissue collected from that animal disclosed the presence of the drug phenylbutazone in the kidney tissue. Phenylbutazone is not approved for use in dairy cattle. Use of this drug contrary to the approved conditions of use may only be done when a veterinarian is involved in the decision based on a valid veterinarian/client/patient relationship, no residue occurs, and other conditions described in Title 21, Code of Federal Regulations (21 CFR), Part 530, have been met.
There is no allowable tolerance established for residues of phenylbutazone in the edible
tissues of cattle (21 CFR 520.1720). The presence of this drug in edible tissue from this
animal causes the food to be adulterated within the meaning of Section 402(a)(2)(C)(ii) of the Act.
Our investigation also found that you hold animals under conditions which are so
inadequate that medicated animals bearing potentially harmful drug residues are likely to
enter the food supply. For example, you lack an adequate system for assuring that animals have been treated only with drugs which have been approved for use in those species; for assuring that drugs are used in a manner not contrary to the directions contained in the labeling; and for assuring that animals medicated by you have been withheld from slaughter for appropriate periods of time to permit depletion of potentially hazardous residues of drugs from edible tissues. Investigator Garcia found that you had no animal medication records that would identify which animal had been medicated, what type of medication had been used, and what the withdrawal times should be. Food from animals held under such conditions is adulterated within the meaning of Section 402(a)(4) of the Act.
You are adulterating the [redacted] Phenylbutazone drug that your farm uses on cows, within the meaning of Section 501(a)(5), when you fail to use the drug in conformance with its approved labeling. Your use of the drug in a species for which it is not approved causes the drug to be unsafe.
The above-identified violations are not intended to be an all-inclusive list of deficiencies at your dairy. Investigator Garcia issued a list of Inspectional Observations (FDA 483) to you at the conclusion of his visit. As a producer of animals offered for use as food, "you are responsible for assuring that your overall operation and the foods you distribute are in
compliance with the law.
You should take prompt action to correct the above and to establish procedures whereby
such violations do not recur. Failure to do so may result in enforcement action being
initiated by the FDA without further notice such as seizure and/or injunction.
You should be aware that it is not necessary for you to have personally shipped an
adulterated animal in interstate commerce to be responsible for a violation of the Act.
The fact that you caused the adulteration of an animal that was sold and subsequently offered for sale to a slaughterhouse that ships in interstate commerce is sufficient to hold you responsible for a violation of the Act.
Please notify this office in writing within fifteen (15) working days of receipt of this letter as to the specific steps you have taken to correct the stated violations. You should also include an explanation of each step taken to identify and make corrections to assure that similar violations will not recur. If corrective action cannot be completed within 15 working days, state the reason for the delay and the time within which the corrections will be implemented.
Your reply should be sent to the attention of Philip S. Campbell, Compliance Officer, at the address noted in the letterhead.
Ballard H. Graham, Director