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U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

For Consumers

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Tentative approval of lamivudine and zidovudine tablets, 30 mg/60 mg fixed-dose combination

On January 5, 2011, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted tentative approval for a fixed-dose combination of lamivudine and zidovudine tablets, 30 mg/60 mg, indicated for use in combination with other antiretrovirals for the treatment of HIV-1 infection.

The tablets, manufactured by Matrix Laboratories Limited of Hyderabad, India, are intended for pediatric use and can be dispersed in liquid for patients unable to swallow tablets.

FDA's tentative approval means that although a product meets all of the safety, efficacy, and manufacturing quality standards required for marketing in the U.S., existing patents and/or proprietary issues currently prevent marketing of the product in the United States. Tentative approval, however, does qualify the product for consideration for purchase under the President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief, or PEPFAR program.

As with all generic applications, FDA conducts an on-site inspection of the manufacturing facilities and of the facilities performing the bioequivalence studies prior to granting approval or tentative approval to evaluate the ability of the manufacturer to produce a quality product and to assess the quality of the bioequivalence data supporting the application.

These products were reviewed for PEPFAR under the FDA guidance titled Fixed Dose Combinations, Co-Packaged Drug Products, and Single-Entity Versions of Previously approved Antiretrovirals for the Treatment of HIV developed to clarify what regulatory requirements apply to such applications, what issues might be of concern, and how these issues should be addressed. The guidance is intended to encourage sponsors to submit applications for combination and co-packaged products, and to facilitate submission of such applications to FDA.

A list of all FDA approved and tentatively approved antiretrovirals for PEPFAR can be found on the FDA web site.

Richard Klein
Office of Special Health Issues
Food and Drug Administration

Kimberly Struble
Division of Antiviral Drug Products
Food and Drug Administration