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Retrovir syrup, capsules and tablets label update for twice daily dosing in children 6 weeks to 18 years of age

 On September 19, 2008, FDA approved a pediatric efficacy supplement for Retrovir syrup, capsules and tablets allowing for a twice daily dosing regimen in children 6 weeks to 18 years of age. It also provides for dosing by weight in addition to dosing by body surface area. Previously Retrovir dosing recommendations for the treatment of HIV in children included three times daily dosing with dose calculated using body surface area. The new label has recommendations for both twice daily or three times daily dosing by weight or by body surface area. The new recommendations should allow for more convenient dosing (twice daily) of Retrovir (zidovudine) in children. The main changes include revisions to the Dosage and Administration section to include twice daily dosing in children as follows.

Pediatric Patients (6 weeks to <18 years of age): Healthcare professionals should pay special attention to accurate calculation of the dose of RETROVIR, transcription of the medication order, dispensing information, and dosing instructions to minimize risk for medication dosing errors.

Prescribers should calculate the appropriate dose of RETROVIR for each child based on body weight (kg) and should not exceed the recommended adult dose.

Before prescribing RETROVIR capsules or tablets, children should be assessed for the ability to swallow capsules or tablets. If a child is unable to reliably swallow a RETROVIR capsule or tablet, the RETROVIR Syrup should be prescribed.

The recommended dosage in pediatric patients 6 weeks of age and older and weighing ³4 kg is provided in Table 1. RETROVIR Syrup should be used to provide accurate dosage when whole tablets or capsules are not appropriate.

Table 1: Recommended Pediatric Dosage of Retrovir
Body Weight (KG)Total Daily DoseDose Regimen and Dose
4 to <924 mg/kg/day12 mg/kg8 mg/kg
≥9 to <3018 mg/kg/day9 mg/kg6 mg/kg
≥30600 mg/day300 mg200 mg

Table 1: Recommended Pediatric Dosage of RETROVIR

Alternatively, dosing for RETROVIR can be based on body surface area (BSA) for each child. The recommended oral dose of RETROVIR is 480 mg/m2/day in divided doses (240 mg/m2 twice daily or 160 mg/m2 three times daily). In some cases the dose calculated by mg/kg will not be the same as that calculated by BSA.

Additionally, the label was converted to Physician Labeling Rule (PLR) format to make product labeling more informative and accessible. The pregnancy related sections were modified with the conversion to PLR format to make the data more accessible to clinicians but content was not revised.

Retrovir is a product of GlaxoSmithKline.

Richard Klein
Office of Special Health Issues
Food and Drug Administration

Kimberly Struble
Division of Antiviral Drug Products
Food and Drug Administration

Page Last Updated: 08/12/2014
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