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FDA Investigation Summary - Multistate Outbreak of Salmonella Braenderup Infections Associated with Mangoes
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The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) along with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), state and local officials investigated a multi-state outbreak of Salmonella Braenderup infections associated with mangoes from Agricola Daniella, a mango supplier with multiple farms and a packinghouse located in Sinaloa, Mexico. Testing by the FDA found Salmonella in mangoes imported from this producer and the California Department of Public Health (CDPH) traced several illnesses of the outbreak strain of Salmonella Braenderup through the supply chain to Agricola Daniella.
On October 11, 2012, the CDC issued a final update on the Multistate Outbreak of Salmonella Braenderup Infections Associated with Mangoes reporting that the outbreak appeared to be over. A total of 127 people infected with the outbreak strain of Salmonella Braenderup were reported from 15 states.
On August 24, 2012, the Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) announced a recall of mangoes imported into Canada by an importer in that country. The CFIA reported that there had been several confirmed illnesses associated with eating these imported mangoes. On August 27, 2012, the CFIA reported an expanded recall and had identified the mangoes as being Daniella-brand mangoes.
On August 30, 2012, the FDA advised consumers not to eat Daniella mangoes distributed by Splendid Products of Burlingame, California because they may be contaminated with Salmonella. This advice came after Splendid Products of Burlingame, Calif. announced a recall on August 29, 2012. Splendid Products recalled Daniella mangoes that were sold between July 12, 2012 and August 29, 2012 at various stores throughout the United States.
The FDA began sampling Daniella-brand mangoes and through that effort found the presence of Salmonella. On September 12, 2012, the FDA placed Agricola Daniella on Import Alert which meant that Agricola Daniela mangoes were denied admission into the United States unless the importer showed that the mangoes were not contaminated with Salmonella, by providing the FDA with sample test results from private laboratories.
By September 27, 2012 four distributors of mangoes imported from Agricola Daniella had initiated recalls of mangoes received from Agricola Daniella. The distributors were Coast Citrus Distributors, Inc. of San Diego, CA, Food Source Inc. of Edinburg, TX, GM Produce Sales of Hidalgo, TX, and Splendid Products of Burlingame, CA. The recall only affected mangoes from Agricola Daniella.
As a result of the distributors’ recalls, several companies also notified consumers and the FDA that they had conducted related recalls. Links to press releases announcing the recalls are below:
- Triple B Corporation
- F&S Produce Co., Inc.
- Food Lion
- Giant Food
- Pacific Coast Fruit Company
- Ready Pac
- Charlie's Produce Anchorage
- Spokane Produce Inc.
- Stop & Shop
- Taylor Farms, New Jersey
- World Foods, LLC
- United Salad Co.
- FreshLine/Caito Foods Service
- GHSW, LLC
- Del Monte Fresh Produce N.A. - 9-20-12 and 9-28-12
On June 26, 2013, the FDA removed mangoes produced by Agricola Daniella from Import Alert after the firm conducted an assessment of the conditions and practices in their orchards and packinghouse, identified potential routes of contamination of mangoes with pathogens and documented corrective actions that they took to prevent future contamination of the mangoes they produce.
Consumers can find more information on produce safety at the following links:
Foodsafety.gov: Tips for Fresh Produce Safety
The FDA provides guidance, The Guide to Minimize Microbial Food Safety Hazards: The Guide at a Glance, to assist domestic and foreign growers, packers, and shippers of unprocessed or minimally processed (raw) fresh fruits and vegetables by increasing awareness of potential hazards and providing suggestions for practices to minimize these hazards. The guidance will be most effective when used to evaluate individual operations and to institute good agricultural and good manufacturing practices (GAPs and GMPs) appropriate to the individual operations.
In January 2013, the FDA released for public comment its proposed rule to establish science-based standards for growing, harvesting, packing and holding produce on domestic and foreign farms. The rule is one of five proposed rules that would lay the cornerstone for the prevention-based, modern food safety system mandated by the FDA Food Safety Modernization Act. For more information on the Proposed Rule for Produce Safety, please visit FDA’s website.
The information in this release reflects the FDA’s best efforts to communicate what it has learned from the manufacturer and the state and local public health agencies involved in the investigation.