Food

No Objection Letter for Recycled Plastics #128

Return to inventory: Submissions on Post-Consumer Recycled (PCR) Plastics for Food-Contact Articles

See also Recycled Plastics in Food Packaging


October 28, 2009

Joan Sylvain Baughan
Keller & Heckman
1001 G Street, NW
Suite 500 West
Washington, DC 20001

Re: Prenotification Consultation (PNC) 823

Dear Ms. Baughan:

This letter is in response to your submission, received on July 21, 2009 (PNC 823), requesting on behalf of EREMA GmbH (EREMA) an opinion letter from FDA confirming the capability of EREMA's secondary recycling process to produce post-consumer recycled polyethylene terephthalate (PCR-PET) pellets that are suitable for use at levels up to 100% recycled content in the manufacture of PET containers for contact with all food types under hot-fill and for ready-prepared foods intended to be reheated in the container at time of use (i.e., Conditions of Use C through H), as described in Table 2, which can be accessed from the Internet in the Ingredients and Packaging section under the Food topic of www.fda.gov.

As indicated in your letter, we have previously reviewed the same recycling process and issued letters of no objection dated November 17, 2000, June 7, 2001, February 10, 2003, and December 30, 2003, which allowed for expanded use of PCR-PET at levels up to 100% recycled content in the manufacture of containers for contact with all food types under cold-fill and hot-fill conditions, i.e., Conditions of Use C through G, when the feedstock consists of post-consumer food and/or non-food containers, excluding industrial PET containers.

We have reviewed the information you referenced in the previous submissions, including migration data and migration modeling, which were submitted to demonstrate the capability of EREMA's secondary recycling process to remove potential contaminants from PCR-PET. Based on our review of these data, we have determined that EREMA's secondary recycling process, as described in the subject submission, would be effective in reducing potential contaminants from PCR-PET to levels that result in dietary concentrations not to exceed 0.5 ppb, FDA's threshold of regulatory concern. This determination covers the use of PCR-PET derived from the feedstock that consists of post-consumer food and non-food PET containers (excluding industrial PET containers), and the PCR-PET complies with the existing applicable authorizations.

We have concluded that EREMA's secondary recycling process, as described in the subject submission, would produce PCR-PET pellets that are suitable for use at levels up to 100% recycled content in the manufacture of articles for contact with all food types under hot-fill and for ready-prepared foods intended to be reheated in the container at time of use (i.e., Conditions of UseC through H), as described in Table 2, which can be accessed from the Internet in the Ingredients and Packaging section under the Food topic of www.fda.gov. If EREMA's recycling process is modified, new data may need to be evaluated.

The resultant PCR-PET material must comply with all applicable authorizations including 21 CFR § 174.5 General provisions applicable to indirect food additives. For example, in accordance with section 402(a)(3) of the Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act, use of the recycled PET should not impart odor or taste to food rendering it unfit for human consumption.

If you have any further questions concerning this matter, please do not hesitate to contact us.

Sincerely,


 

Vanee Komolprasert, Ph.D., P.E.
Consumer Safety Officer
Division of Food Contact Notifications, HFS-275
Office of Food Additive Safety
Center for Food Safety
and Applied Nutrition

Page Last Updated: 07/15/2014
Note: If you need help accessing information in different file formats, see Instructions for Downloading Viewers and Players.