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U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

Food

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Select Committee on GRAS Substances (SCOGS) Opinion: Caprylic Acid

The GRAS Substances (SCOGS) Database allows access to opinions and conclusions from 115 SCOGS reports published between 1972-1980 on the safety of over 370 Generally Recognized As Safe (GRAS) food substances. The GRAS ingredient reviews were conducted by the Select Committee in response to a 1969 White House directive by President Richard M. Nixon.

Caprylic Acid

  • SCOGS-Report Number: 29*
  • Type Of Conclusion: 1
  • ID Code: 124-07-2
  • Year: 1974
  • 21 CFR Section: 184.1025

SCOGS Opinion:

Caprylic acid, a naturally occuring constituent of many foods, is absorbed and metabolized by man. Triblycerides containing this fatty acid are hydrolyzed in the intestinal mucosa and the liberated fatty acids are transported in the portal ciculation and are almost completely oxidzed in the liver. Significant oxidation also appears to occur in the intestinal mucosa. Little caprylic acid is stored, and long-term feeding at high levels results in decreased overall fat storage that is indicative of nutritional utilization. thus caprylic acid is a fatty acid nutritionally utilizable by man and animals. Based upon consideration of the data presented in this report the Select Committee concludes that: There is no evidence in the available information on caprylic acid that demonstrates, or suggests reasonable grounds to suspect, a hazard to the public when it is used at levels that are now current or that might reasonably be expected in future.

*Complete reports containing details of the safety studies that formed the basis of the opinions and conclusions and are available from the National Technical Information Service (NTIS), 5285 Port Royal Road, Springfield, VA 22161 (703) 605-6000.