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U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

Food

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Select Committee on GRAS Substances (SCOGS) Opinion: Sodium Hydroxide Gelatinized Starch

The GRAS Substances (SCOGS) Database allows access to opinions and conclusions from 115 SCOGS reports published between 1972-1980 on the safety of over 370 Generally Recognized As Safe (GRAS) food substances. The GRAS ingredient reviews were conducted by the Select Committee in response to a 1969 White House directive by President Richard M. Nixon.

Sodium Hydroxide Gelatinized Starch

  • SCOGS-Report Number: 115*
  • Type Of Conclusion: 5
  • ID Code: 977102-48-9
  • Year: 1979
  • 21 CFR Section:

SCOGS Opinion:

No information was available to the Select Committee on the biological properties of starch gelatinized with 1 percent sodium hydroxide. The lack of specification of temperature and time of treatment with sodium hydroxide makes it difficult to assess what chemical changes may occur in addition to the physical disruption of the granule structure. Such specifications should be developed.

Based on the foregoing considerations, the Select Committee concludes that:

In view of the deficiency of relevant biological studies and product specifications, the Select Committee has insufficient data upon which to base an evaluation of starch gelatinized with sodium hydroxide when it is used as a food ingredient.

*Complete reports containing details of the safety studies that formed the basis of the opinions and conclusions and are available from the National Technical Information Service (NTIS), 5285 Port Royal Road, Springfield, VA 22161 (703) 605-6000.