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U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

Food

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Select Committee on GRAS Substances (SCOGS) Opinion: Bleached Starch

The GRAS Substances (SCOGS) Database allows access to opinions and conclusions from 115 SCOGS reports published between 1972-1980 on the safety of over 370 Generally Recognized As Safe (GRAS) food substances. The GRAS ingredient reviews were conducted by the Select Committee in response to a 1969 White House directive by President Richard M. Nixon.

Bleached Starch

  • SCOGS-Report Number: 115*
  • Type Of Conclusion: 1
  • ID Code: 9005-25-8
  • Year: 1979
  • 21 CFR Section: There is no CFR citation.

SCOGS Opinion:

The digestibility of unmodified cereal and tapioca starches used commercially as food ingredients, both raw and after cooking, is almost complete. Potato and arrowroot starches are less completely digested when fed raw but their digestibility is similar to that of the cereal starches after cooking. Pregelatinized starches (dried, cooked starches) generally are highly digestible. Consumption of excessive quantities, pounds per day, of raw starch has resulted in obesity and iron-deficiency anemia in human subjects. Most of the foods to which starch is added by the food industry are cooked in processing or are cooked before serving. Moreover, the total quantity of unmodified and pregelatinized starch added to processed foods is insignificant compared to the natural starch content of the American diet, some of which is eaten in its native form in raw vegetables. No adverse effects have been attributed to these starches as added food ingredients. It is suggested, however, that specifications for food grade unmodified starches be developed in order to distinguish them from the starches that are used in non-food applications.I n light of the foregoing, the Select Committee concludes that: There is no evidence in the available information on unmodified or pregelatinized corn, high amylose corn, waxy maize, wheat, milo (also called grain sorghum starch), rice, potato, tapioca or arrowroot starch that demonstrates or suggests reasonable grounds to suspect a hazard to the public when they are used at levels that are now current or that might reasonably be expected in the future.

There is no evidence in the available information on unmodified or pregelatinized corn, high amylose corn, waxy maize, wheat, milo, rice, potato, tapioca or arrowroot starch that demonstrates or suggests reasonable grounds to suspect a hazard to the public when they are substances migrating to food from paper and paperboard packaging.

There is no evidence in the available information on unmodified or pregelatinized corn, high amylose corn, waxy maize, wheat, milo, rice, potato, tapioca, or arrowroot starch that demonstrates or suggests reasonable grounds to suspect a hazard to the public when they are substances migrating to food from cotton and cotton fabrics used in dry food packaging.

 

*Complete reports containing details of the safety studies that formed the basis of the opinions and conclusions and are available from the National Technical Information Service (NTIS), 5285 Port Royal Road, Springfield, VA 22161 (703) 605-6000.