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U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

Food

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Select Committee on GRAS Substances (SCOGS) Opinion: Acid Modified Starch

The GRAS Substances (SCOGS) Database allows access to opinions and conclusions from 115 SCOGS reports published between 1972-1980 on the safety of over 370 Generally Recognized As Safe (GRAS) food substances. The GRAS ingredient reviews were conducted by the Select Committee in response to a 1969 White House directive by President Richard M. Nixon.

Acid Modified Starch

  • SCOGS-Report Number: 115*
  • Type Of Conclusion: 1
  • ID Code: 65996-63-6
  • Year: 1979
  • 21 CFR Section: 172.892, 182.90

SCOGS Opinion:

Hydrolysis of glucosidic linkages occurs during acid modification of starch resulting in molecular fragmentation similar to that which occurs in the production of glucose syrups and maltodextrins. The extent of hydrolysis is limited in the acid-modified starches and is comparable to that of the maltodextrins, the main difference being that the granular form is retained in the acid-modified starches. No adverse effects were noted in feeding acid-modified starch to 3-day-old pigs nor in 90-day rat feeding tests. The evidence indicates that the acid-modified starches are without hazard as food ingredients.

Based on consideration of the available evidence, the Select Committee concludes that:

There is no evidence in the available information on acid-modified starches that demonstrates or suggests reasonable grounds to suspect a hazard to the public when they are used at levels that are now current or that might reasonably be expected in the future.
There is no evidence in the available information on acid-modified starches that demonstrates or suggests reasonable grounds to suspect a hazard to the public when they are substances migrating to food from paper and paperboard packaging.
There is no evidence in the available information on acid-modified starches that demonstrates or suggests reasonable grounds to suspect a hazard to the public when they are substances migrating to food from cotton and cotton fabrics used in dry food packaging.

*Complete reports containing details of the safety studies that formed the basis of the opinions and conclusions and are available from the National Technical Information Service (NTIS), 5285 Port Royal Road, Springfield, VA 22161 (703) 605-6000.