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U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

Food

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Select Committee on GRAS Substances (SCOGS) Opinion: Garlic and Oil of Garlic

The GRAS Substances (SCOGS) Database allows access to opinions and conclusions from 115 SCOGS reports published between 1972-1980 on the safety of over 370 Generally Recognized As Safe (GRAS) food substances. The GRAS ingredient reviews were conducted by the Select Committee in response to a 1969 White House directive by President Richard M. Nixon.

Garlic and Oil of Garlic

  • SCOGS-Report Number: 17*
  • Type Of Conclusion: 1
  • ID Code: 8000-78-0
  • Year: 1973
  • 21 CFR Section: 184.1317

SCOGS Opinion:

The long history of the use of garlic in food and acute, chronic and inhalation studies, although limited, reveal no credible adverse biological effects even at concentrations which are of orders of magnitude greater than the levels reported to be currently consumed in man's daily diet. In view of the foregoing, the Select Committee concludes that: There is no evidence in the available information on garlic or oil of garlic that demonstrates a hazard to the public when they are used at levels that are now current or that might reasonably be expected in the future.

*Complete reports containing details of the safety studies that formed the basis of the opinions and conclusions and are available from the National Technical Information Service (NTIS), 5285 Port Royal Road, Springfield, VA 22161 (703) 605-6000.