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U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

Food

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Select Committee on GRAS Substances (SCOGS) Opinion: Carnauba wax

The GRAS Substances (SCOGS) Database allows access to opinions and conclusions from 115 SCOGS reports published between 1972-1980 on the safety of over 370 Generally Recognized As Safe (GRAS) food substances. The GRAS ingredient reviews were conducted by the Select Committee in response to a 1969 White House directive by President Richard M. Nixon.

Carnauba wax

  • SCOGS-Report Number: 47*
  • Type Of Conclusion: 5
  • ID Code: 8015-86-9
  • Year: 1975
  • 21 CFR Section: 184.1978

SCOGS Opinion:

Carnauba wax is a substance of plant origin that is used at a low level of addition in a limited number of food products. The per capita adult daily intake has been estimated to be about 1.2mg. Despite its use in food since 1900, an extensive search of the literature has revealed no information on its absortion, metabolism or excretion by animals, acute or chronic toxicity, or its teratogenic or carcinogenic properties. In view of the almost complete lack of biological studies, the Select Committee has insufficient data upon which to evaluate the safety of carnauba wax as a miscellaneous or general purpose food additive.

*Complete reports containing details of the safety studies that formed the basis of the opinions and conclusions and are available from the National Technical Information Service (NTIS), 5285 Port Royal Road, Springfield, VA 22161 (703) 605-6000.