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Report of 1997 Inspections of Fresh, Unpasteurized Apple Cider Manufacturers, Summary of Results - Attachment 2

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January 1999

Table of Contents

State Regulations, Programs and Activities --- Summary of Information Provided

STATE REGULATIONS INSPECTIONS LABELING EDUCATION PROGRAMS
INFORMATION PROVIDED BY STATES TO FDA
California Dept. of Health Services

* No specific apple regs

* Use food processor GMPs

* Have voluntary guidelines

* Have grading requirements

* Plan to inspect all manuf.

* (Sampling is undecided at this time)

* No special labeling is required

* Will ask for voluntary labeling

* Worked with industry to develop voluntary QA guidelines

* Held state-wide meeting with growers/processors to discuss guidelines

Florida Dept. of Agric. & Consumer Services

* No specific apple regs

* Use food processor GMPs

* Plan to inspect all manuf., but none process fresh

* Samples may be collected

* No special labeling is required * Information about hazards has been provided to juice industry
Idaho Dept. of Health & Welfare

* No regs covering interstate operations (5)

* Intrastate firms (1) are covered by general food processing GMPs

* 3 firms to be inspected under FDA contract

* Samples will be taken at 2 firms

* No special labeling is required * No educational information has been provided
Illinois Dept. of Health

* No specific apple regs

* Have voluntary guidelines for certification

* Use food processor GMPs

* Plan to inspect all manuf.

* Sampling will be done at each firm

* No special labeling is required * Worked with industry to develop a "Safe Cider Maker" certification program which includes training, testing, & HACCP plan requirements
Iowa Dept. of Inspections & Appeals No specific apple regs * All firms will be inspected * No special labeling is required * No information provided
Indiana Dept. of Health

* No specific apple regs

* Use food processor GMPs

* Plan to inspect all manuf.

* Sampling will be done at each firm

* No special labeling is required * In process of developing material to distribute this fall
Maryland Dept. of Health & Mental Hygiene

* No specific apple regs

* Use food processor GMPs

* Will inspect all manuf. twice – Preoperational & operational Sampling will be done at each firm * No special labeling is required

* Will conduct education program for all processors Cooperative Extension will offer HACCP training program

* Will conduct studies of effectiveness of sanitary controls

Massachusetts Dept. of Health & Human Services * Specific regs are provided under GMP regulation

* Plan to inspect ½ of manuf. (16 of 32)

* Local Health to inspect retail operations

* Sampling is optional

* No special labeling is required

* Yearly workshop provided

* All operations have state guidelines

Michigan Dept. of Agric. * Specific GMPs are provided under general food GMP regulation

* Plan to inspect all manuf.

* Sampling is done at each firm

* No special labeling is required but is recommended in GMPs

* Two cider workshops held

* Mailing to each processor with info packet

New Jersey Dept. of Health & Senior Services

* No specific apple regs

* Used a supplemental report to survey cider operations

* Use wholesale food GMPs

* Some firms may be inspected under FDA contract

* Big inspection effort in 1993-94

* No sampling is planned

* No special labeling is required

* Educational information was provided in 1993

* Recommended washing and brushing & the use of sodium benzoate to inactivate E. coli O157:H7

New York Dept. of Agric, & Markets * Specific GMPs and guidelines are provided under general food GMP regulation

* Plan to inspect all manuf.

* Sampling is done at each firm as needed

* No special labeling is required, but pasteurization labeling is recommended

* Educational information was provided

* Processing guidelines were provided

Oregon Dept. of Agric.

* No specific apple regs

* Use food processor GMPs

* Plan to inspect all manuf.

* Sampling is done randomly

* No special labeling is required * (Yes, but no details provided)
Pennsylvania Dept. of Agric.

* No specific apple regs

* Use 21CFR110

* Plan to inspect all manuf. * No special labeling is required * None provided to date
Virginia Dept. of Agric. & Consumer Service

* No specific apple regs

* Use 21CFR110

* Have grading requirements

* Plan to inspect all manuf.

* Sampling is optional

* No special labeling is required

* Information packet sent out by Apple Board with materials on GMPs and HACCP, and meeting held with apple growers

* HACCP training courses held in March & May

Washington Dept. of Agric.

* No specific apple regs

* Use 21CFR110

* Have grading requirements

* Plan to inspect all manuf.

* Sampling is optional

* No special labeling is required but it is recommended * Yes (but details not provided)
Wisconsin Dept. of Agric. Trade & Consumer Protection * No specific apple regs

* Plan to inspect all manuf.

* Sampling is done

* Pasteurization label is recommended but not required

* Recommend "keep refrig" statement at retail

* Provided 1 day seminar/ workshop

* Held regional meeting with growers/ processors

ADDITIONAL DATA FROM U.S. APPLE SURVEY OF STATE PROGRAMS AND ACTIVITIES
Connecticut Dept. of Health

* New guidelines for cider processors

* Drops approved until 11/97 – no machine harvesting

* Pre-operational inspections for all processors * Labeling for all unpasteurized product is required * Producers required to participate in training session on harvesting and processing requirements
Illinois      

* Dept of Public Health & State Horticultural Society developed voluntary "Certified Safe Cider Maker" program which includes training, inspections, and sampling

* State Horticultural Society has produced a model HACCP plan and recommended harvesting and plant sanitation SOP’s

Indiana       * Indiana Horticultural Society provided producers with information on the issues about juice safety, and included sessions on sanitation and HACCP at their annual meeting
Iowa Dept. of Inspections & Appeals       * Working with Dept of Agric, Iowa State Univ. and Iowa Fruit & Vegetable Growers Assoc to develop a voluntary certification program and training
Kentucky Dept. of Health * No specific apple regulations * All cider mills are inspected  

* Univ of Kentucky has developed apple specific GMPs, "Ensuring the Safety of Cider"

* Industry in cooperation with Univ of Kentucky is developing a Model HACCP Plan to be available Fall 1998

Maine Dept. of Agriculture * No specific apple regulations * All cider producers are inspected regularly   * Production guidelines are provided by Dept of Agric, Maine Apple Growers, Food and Rural Resources and Univ of Maine Cooperative Extension based upon Massachusetts’ model
Massachusetts       * Massachusetts Cider Guild developed specific GMPs based upon Purdue Univ guideline, "Suggestions for Proper Sanitation in Indiana Cider Operations"
Michigan       * Michigan Apple Cider Advisory Committee developed specific GMPs for cider manufacturers and is developing a HACCP pilot program
Minnesota Dept of Agriculture * Specific apple rules have been developed      
New Hampshire Dept of Agric. Markets & Food * Specific apple rules have been developed   * Labeling is required which specifies if the cider is pasteurized * Univ of NH Cooperative Extension has provided recommended GMPs for cider operations and HACCP workshops for cider producers
New York       * New York Apple Association in cooperation with the State Departments of Health, Department of Agriculture and Markets, and Cornell Univ. conducted a cider safety seminar in March 1997.
Ohio Dept of Agriculture

* Updated mill inspection rules in 1997

* New legislation on cider GMPs expected

   

* Regional cider schools have been held for two years by the Ohio Apple Marketing Program

* Dept of Agriculture and industry sponsored GMP and HACCP seminar in 1997

* Working with Ohio Grocers Assoc. on "Keep it Cold" program

Pennsylvania Dept of Agriculture      

* Working with the Pennsylvania Apple Marketing Program to develop a state task force on cider safety to sponsor a seminar on cider safety, and a HACCP training workshop in early 1998

* Pennsylvania Horticultural Society to publish recommended GMPs for cider producers


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