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U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

Food

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Chapter 3 Table 3-3; Potential Process Related Hazards

June 2001

Fish and Fisheries Products Hazards and Controls Guidance
Third Edition
Chapter 3: Potential Species-Related & Process-Related Hazards

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TABLE 3-3:
Potential Process Related Hazards
Finished Product FoodPackage TypeMethod of Distribution and StorageHazards
BiologicalChemicalPhysical
Pathogen growth -
temperature abuse
C. botulinum growthS. aureus toxin - inadequate dryingS. aureus - batterPathogen survival through cookingPathogen survival through pasteurizationPathogen contamination after pasteurizationAllergens/ AdditivesMetal inclusionGlass inclusion
CHP 12CHP 13CHP 14CHP 15CHP 16CHP 17CHP 18CHP 19CHP 20CHP 21
Cooked shrimp, crab, lobster, and other fish, including cooked meat, sections, and whole fish, and including surimi-based analog productsVacuum packaged (e.g. mechanical vacuum, steam sweep, hot fill), MAP, CAP, hermetically sealed or paked in oilFrozenx   x  xx 
Cooked shrimp, crab, lobster, and other fish, including cooked meat, sections, and whole fish, and including surimi-based analog productsVacuum packaged (e.g. mechanical vacuum, steam sweep, hot fill), MAP, CAP, hermetically sealed or packed in oilOther than frozenxx  x  xx 
Cooked shrimp, crab, lobster, and other fish, including cooked meat, sections, and whole fish, and including surimi-based analog productsOther than vacuum packaged, MAP, CAP, hermetically sealed or packed in oilAllx   x  xx 
Pasteurized crab, lobster, and other fish, including pasteurized surimi-based analog productsVacuum packaged (e.g. mechanical vacuum, steam sweep, hot fill), MAP, CAP, hermetically sealed or packed in oilFrozenx    xxxx 
Pasteurized crab, lobster, and other fish, including pasteurized surimi-based analog productsVacuum packaged (e.g. mechanical vacuum, steam sweep, hot fill), MAP, CAP, hermetically sealed or packed in oilOther than frozenxx   xxxx 
Pasteurized crab, lobster, and other fish, including pasteurized surimi-based analog productsOther than vacuum packaged, MAP, CAP, hermetically sealed or packed in oilAllx    xxxx 
Smoked fishVacuum packaged (e.g. mechanical vacuum, steam sweep, hot fill), MAP, CAP, hermetically sealed or packed in oilFrozenx      xx 
Smoked fishVacuum packaged (e.g. mechanical vacuum, steam sweep, hot fill), MAP, CAP, hermetically sealed or packed in oilOther than frozenxx     xx 
Smoked fishOther than vacuum packaged, MAP, CAP, hermetically sealed or packed in oilAllx      xx 
Salads and cocktails prepared from ready-to-eat fishery productsVacuum packaged (e.g. mechanical vacuum, steam sweep, hot fill), MAP, CAP, hermetically sealed or packed in oilFrozenx      xxx
Salads and cocktails prepared from ready-to-eat fishery productsVacuum packaged (e.g. mechanical vacuum, steam sweep, hot fill), MAP, CAP, hermetically sealed or packed in oilOther than frozenxx     xxx
Salads and cocktails prepared from ready-to-eat fishery productsOther than vacuum packaged, MAP, CAP, hermetically sealed or packed in oilAllx      xxx
Raw, Breaded shrimp, finfish, oysters, clams, squid, and other fishAllAll   x   xx 
Stuffed crab, shrimp, finfish, and other fishAllAllx      xx 
Dried fishAllAllx x    xx 
Raw oysters, clams, and musselsVacuum packaged (e.g. mechanical vacuum, steam sweep, hot fill), MAP, CAP, hermetically sealed or packed in oilFrozenx      xxx
Raw oysters, clams, and musselsVacuum packaged (e.g. mechanical vacuum, steam sweep, hot fill), MAP, CAP, hermetically sealed or packed in oilOther than frozenxx     xxx
Raw oysters, clams, and musselsOther than vacuum packaged, MAP, CAP, hermetically sealed or packed in oilAllx      xxx
Raw fish other than oysters, clams and mussels (includes non-finfish species)Vacuum packaged (e.g. mechanical vacuum, steam sweep, hot fill), MAP, CAP, hermetically sealed or packed in oilFrozen       xx 
Raw fish other than oysters, clams and mussels (includes non-finfish species)Vacuum packaged (e.g. mechanical vacuum, steam sweep, hot fill), MAP, CAP, hermetically sealed or packed in oilOther than frozenxx     xx 
Raw fish other than oysters, clams and mussels (includes non-finfish species)Other than vacuum packaged, MAP, CAP, hermetically sealed or packed in oilAll       xx 
Partially cooked or uncooked prepared foodsVacuum packaged (e.g. mechanical vacuum, steam sweep, hot fill), MAP, CAP, hermetically sealed or packed in oilFrozenx      xxx
Partially cooked or uncooked prepared foodsVacuum packaged (e.g. mechanical vacuum, steam sweep, hot fill), MAP, CAP, hermetically sealed or packed in oilOther than frozenxx     xxx
Partially cooked or uncooked prepared foodsOther than vacuum packaged, MAP, CAP, hermetically sealed or packed in oilAllx      xxx
Fully cooked prepared foodsVacuum packaged (e.g. mechanical vacuum, steam sweep, hot fill), MAP, CAP, hermetically sealed or packed in oilFrozenx   x  xxx
Fully cooked prepared foodsVacuum packaged (e.g. mechanical vacuum, steam sweep, hot fill), MAP, CAP, hermetically sealed or packed in oilOther than frozenxx  x  xxx
Fully cooked prepared foodsOther than vacuum packaged, MAP, CAP, hermetically sealed or packed in oilAllx   x  xxx
Fermented, acidified, pickled, salted, and low acid canned foodsAllAllxx(*)     xxx

Note: MAP = modified atmosphere packaging; CAP = controlled atmosphere packaging

(*) Note: Controls for this hazard need not be included in HACCP plans for shelf-stable, acidified and low acid canned foods. See 21 CFR 113 and 114 for mandatory controls.