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U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

Food

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Survey of Domestic Fresh Produce: Interim Results (June 30, 2001)

June 30, 2001

 

Background

In May 2000, FDA initiated a 1000 sample survey focused on high-volume domestic produce that is generally consumed raw. The stated objective was to collect 125 samples of each of the following commodities: cantaloupe, celery, cilantro, green onions, loose-leaf lettuce, parsley, strawberries, and tomatoes, and to analyze each for the presence of Salmonella and E. coli 0157:H7. It was also determined that all samples (with the exception of strawberries due to the lack of a validated testing method) would be analyzed for the presence of Shigella.

The survey is currently being conducted and is scheduled for completion by the end of September 2001. This document is intended to serve as an update of the results of analyses performed by FDA thus far.

The Domestic Produce Survey is the domestic compliment of the Imported Produce 1000 Sample Survey. For more information regarding procedural details of the Domestic Produce Survey, you may wish to view the Domestic Produce Sampling Assignment (DOEP #00-16).

 

Interim Results as of June 30, 2001

  • Samples analyzed: 728
  • Samples violative: 11
  • Violation rate: 1.5%

 

Table 1: Violation Rate

CommodityNumber of Samples AnalyzedNumber of Samples ViolativeViolation Rate
cantaloupe9244.3%
celery9500.0%
cilantro6223.2%
green onions6634.5%
lettuce11121.8%
parsley6200.0%
strawberries12000.0%
tomatoes12000.0%


Table 2: Pathogen Presence

CommoditySalmonellaE. coli 0157:H7
Number of SamplesPercent of SamplesNumber of SamplesPercent of Samples
cantaloupe3 / 923.3%0 / 920.0%
celery0 / 950.0%0 / 950.0%
cilantro1 / 621.6%0 / 620.0%
green onions0 / 660.0%0 / 660.0%
lettuce2 / 1111.8%0 / 1110.0%
parsley0 / 620.0%0 / 620.0%
strawberries0 / 1200.0%0 / 1200.0%
tomatoes0 / 1200.0%0 / 1200.0%


Table 3: Pathogen Presence

CommodityShigella
Number of SamplesPercent of Samples
cantaloupe1 / 921.1%
celery0 / 950.0%
cilantro1 / 621.6%
green onions3 / 664.5%
loose-leaf lettuce0 / 1110.0%
parsley0 / 620.0%
tomatoes0 / 1200.0%