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Food

Survey of Domestic Fresh Produce: Interim Results (June 30, 2001)

June 30, 2001

Background

In May 2000, FDA initiated a 1000 sample survey focused on high-volume domestic produce that is generally consumed raw. The stated objective was to collect 125 samples of each of the following commodities: cantaloupe, celery, cilantro, green onions, loose-leaf lettuce, parsley, strawberries, and tomatoes, and to analyze each for the presence of Salmonella and E. coli 0157:H7. It was also determined that all samples (with the exception of strawberries due to the lack of a validated testing method) would be analyzed for the presence of Shigella.

The survey is currently being conducted and is scheduled for completion by the end of September 2001. This document is intended to serve as an update of the results of analyses performed by FDA thus far.

The Domestic Produce Survey is the domestic compliment of the Imported Produce 1000 Sample Survey

Interim Results as of June 30, 2001

  • Samples analyzed: 728
  • Samples violative: 11
  • Violation rate: 1.5%

Table 1: Violation Rate

Commodity Number of Samples Analyzed Number of Samples Violative Violation Rate
cantaloupe 92 4 4.3%
celery 95 0 0.0%
cilantro 62 2 3.2%
green onions 66 3 4.5%
lettuce 111 2 1.8%
parsley 62 0 0.0%
strawberries 120 0 0.0%
tomatoes 120 0 0.0%

Table 2: Pathogen Presence

Commodity Salmonella E. coli 0157:H7
Number of Samples Percent of Samples Number of Samples Percent of Samples
cantaloupe 3 / 92 3.3% 0 / 92 0.0%
celery 0 / 95 0.0% 0 / 95 0.0%
cilantro 1 / 62 1.6% 0 / 62 0.0%
green onions 0 / 66 0.0% 0 / 66 0.0%
lettuce 2 / 111 1.8% 0 / 111 0.0%
parsley 0 / 62 0.0% 0 / 62 0.0%
strawberries 0 / 120 0.0% 0 / 120 0.0%
tomatoes 0 / 120 0.0% 0 / 120 0.0%

Table 3: Pathogen Presence

Commodity Shigella
Number of Samples Percent of Samples
cantaloupe 1 / 92 1.1%
celery 0 / 95 0.0%
cilantro 1 / 62 1.6%
green onions 3 / 66 4.5%
loose-leaf lettuce 0 / 111 0.0%
parsley 0 / 62 0.0%
tomatoes 0 / 120 0.0%

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