• Decrease font size
  • Return font size to normal
  • Increase font size
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

Food

  • Print
  • Share
  • E-mail

Pesticide Residue Monitoring Program Results and Discussion FY 2004

Return to FDA Pesticide Program Residue Monitoring: 1993-2009   March 16, 2011

 

Results and Discussion

Appendices

  1. Analysis of Domestic Samples by Commodity Group in 2004
  2. Analysis of Import Samples by Commodity Group in 2004

Figures

  1. - Summary of 2004 Results of Domestic Samples by Commodity
  2. - Summary of 2004 Results of Import Samples by Commodity
  3. - Summary of 2004 Results of Domestic vs. Import Samples

Tables

  1. - Domestic Samples Collected and Analyzed, by State, in 2004
  2. - Foreign Countries and Number of Samples Collected and Analyzed in 2004 (Table 2A shows countries with Fewer Than Ten Samples)
  3. - Pesticides Detectable and Found (*) by Methods Used in 2004 Regulatory Monitoring
  4. - Summary of FY 2004 Domestic and Import Feed Samples
  5. - Residues Found in Domestic and Import Feeds in FY 2004
  6. - Frequency of Occurrence of Pesticide Residues in Total Diet Study Foods Other than Infant and Toddler Foods in FY 2004
  7. - Frequency of Occurrence of Pesticide Residues in Total Diet Study Infant and Toddler Foods in FY 2004

Important Note for the Narrative Report and Data Files for FDA’s Pesticide Monitoring Program for FY 2004

This report and accompanying data files were originally published on FDA’s website in the summer of 2008.  Sections of the narrative report dealing with pesticide residue coverage, including Table 3 and several downloadable data files, have been revised in February 2011 due primarily to corrections in FDA’s determination of pesticide residue coverage.  The sections in the 2004 narrative report that have been revised have been bracketed in asterisks (*).

(*)
The downloadable data files that have been revised include “US2004“, “IMFR2004”, “IMVE2004”, and “IMOT2004”.  The original “CHEM2004” file has been divided into “CHEMDOM2004” and “CHEMIMP2004”, reflecting separate files for foods of U.S. and foreign origin.  In the “CHEMIMP2004” files, entries from country “U.S” primarily reflect entries of “U.S. Goods Returned” that were sampled in import status.
(*)

 

 Results and Discussion - FY 2004

 

 Regulatory Monitoring

Under regulatory monitoring, 7,905 samples were analyzed in FY 2004. Of these, 2,832 were of domestic foods and 5,073 were imported foods.

Figure 1 shows the percentage of the 2,832 domestic samples by commodity group with "No Residues Found," "Residues Found; No Violation," and "Violative" (a violative residue is defined in this report as a residue which exceeds an EPA tolerance or formal FDA Action Level, or a residue at a level of regulatory significance for which no tolerance has been established in the sampled food.)

 Figure 1 - Results of Domestic Samples by Commodity Group for FY 2004

Group Sample Totals: Grains & Grain Products, 326; Milk/Dairy/Eggs, 49; Fish/Shellfish, 123; Fruit, 868; Vegetables, 1383; Other Foods, 83.

pie charts illustrating percentages described in text. See Appendix A.

As in earlier years, fruits and vegetables accounted for the largest proportion of the domestic commodities analyzed in 2004; these two commodity groups comprised 79.5 % of the total number of domestic samples.  In 2004, 98.2% of all domestic foods analyzed by FDA were in compliance with EPA's established residue tolerances and FDA formal  action levels.  The compliance rate for domestic foods for fiscal years 1996 to 2003 ranged from 97.6% to 99.3%.

Appendix A contains more detailed data on domestic monitoring findings by commodity, including the total number of samples analyzed, the percent samples with no residues detected, and the percent violative samples including the nature of the violation (over-tolerance vs. no tolerance). Of the 2,832 domestic samples, 58.6% had no detectable residues and 1.8% had violative residues. In the largest commodity groups, fruits and vegetables, 42.9 % and 61.9 % of the samples, respectively, had no residues detected; 1.2% of the fruit samples and 1.5% of the vegetable samples contained violative residues (Figure 1). In the grains and grain products group, 67.8 % of the samples had no residues detected, and 1.2 % had violative residues. In the fish/shellfish/other aquatic products group, 89.4% had no detectable residues, and no violative residues were found. In the milk/dairy products/eggs group, 91.8% of the samples had no residues detected, and no violative residues were found. In the "Other" foods group that covers nuts, seeds, beverages, and honey among other foods, 66.3 % of the samples had no residues detected and 16 violations (19.3%) were detected; all 16 violations were detected in ginseng-based dietary supplements as part of a "focused sampling" effort.

Findings by commodity group for the 5,073 import samples are shown in Figure 2. Fruits and vegetables accounted for 87.4 % of these samples. Overall for all imported foods, 94.5% of the samples analyzed were in compliance with EPA tolerances and FDA formal action levels. This compares with a compliance rate for imported foods for fiscal years 1996 to 2003 of 94.0 % to 98.4 %.

Appendix B contains detailed data on the import samples. Of the 5,073 samples analyzed, 66.4 % had no residues detected, while 5.5 % had violative residues. Fruits and vegetables had 61.1% and 65.4 % of samples analyzed, respectively, with no residues detected, and 5.6% and 5.7% of the samples had violative residues. No residues were found in 77.8% of the milk/dairy products/eggs group and in 86.0% of the fish/shellfish group, and no violative residues were found in either of these groups. In the grains and grain products group, 83.8% had no detectable residues, and 0.8 % of the samples had violative residues. In the "Other" foods group 66.4 % of the samples had no residues and 25 (7.7 %) had violative residues; the majority of the violations were found on spices and ginseng supplement products.

 

 Figure 2 - Results of Import Samples by Commodity Group for FY 2004

Group Sample Totals: Grains & Grain Products, 130; Milk/Dairy/Eggs, 18; Fish/Shellfish, 167; Fruit, 1613; Vegetables, 2819; Other Foods, 326.

pie charts illustrating percentages described in text. See Appendix B.

Pesticide monitoring data collected under FDA's regulatory monitoring approach in 2004 are available to the public as a computer database. This database summarizes FDA 2004 regulatory monitoring coverage and findings by country/commodity/pesticide combination. The database also includes the monitoring data by individual sample from which the summary information was compiled. Information on how to obtain this database as well as those for 1992-2003 is provided in the "Acknowledgments" section.

 

Geographic Coverage

 

Domestic. A total of 2,832 domestic samples were collected in 2004 from 39 states. The largest numbers of samples were collected from those states that are the largest producers of fruits and vegetables. Table 1 lists numbers of domestic samples from each location, in descending order.

Note - for Table 1, domestic samples with no state recorded in the "Sample 2004" file were attributed through other documentation.


 

Table 1. Domestic Samples Collected and Analyzed, by State
Origin, in FY 2004
California350Wisconsin85Ohio33Massachusetts18
Washington268Indiana84Michigan32Maryland16
Florida261Virginia70Montana29Rhode Island16
Louisiana209Arizona60Nebraska26Georgia13
Minnesota167Texas59Wyoming25South Carolina10
New York152Iowa55North Carolina24Kentucky8
Oregon138Utah46North Dakota22Delaware4
Missouri134Kansas39Alaska21Oklahoma4
Idaho119Colorado36New Jersey20Maine1
Illinois116Pennsylvania34New Mexico19  

Puerto Rico: 9 samples; no samples from 11 states that included Alabama, Arkansas, Connecticut, Hawaii, Mississippi,  New Hampshire, Nevada, South Dakota, Tennessee, Vermont, and West Virginia. 


Imports. A total of 5,073 samples representing food shipments from 102 countries were collected in fiscal year 2004. Table 2 lists numbers of samples collected from each country. Mexico, as in the past, was the source of the largest number of samples, reflecting the volume and diversity of commodities imported from that country, especially during the winter months.  Table 2A lists the countries of origin that had ten or fewer samples collected in fiscal year 2004.


 

Table 2. Foreign Countries and Number of Samples Collected and
Analyzed in FY 2004
Mexico1567Argentina33
China, Peoples Rep.515Brazil32
Canada375France28
Chile312Taiwan, Rep28
Netherlands278Egypt27
Dominican Republic226Jamaica27
India127Philippines25
Thailand113Honduras24
Guatemala110Bulgaria22
Peru92Iran22
Poland78Japan18
Israel75South Africa18
Spain74Pakistan15
Costa Rica73Trinidad & Tobago14
New Zealand72Australia13
Ecuador65Bosnia-Hercegovina13
Colombia48Greece13
Belgium47Indonesia13
Turkey45Haiti12
Vietnam37Saudi Arabia12
Italy36Russia11
Korea, Republic of (South)36(Countries w 10 or fewer)(176 samples)
Lebanon36(Unspecified ) *(40 samples)
* Samples with unspecified country of origin consisted primarily of U.S. Goods Returned (U.S. products originally exported and subsequently returned).  An additional 15 samples reported as unspecified in Table "Sample 2004" were  attributed to individual countries through other documentation and are reflected in the tables here.
Table 2A - Ten or Fewer Samples Collected and Analyzed from the
Following Countries in FY 2004:
  • Algeria
  • Armenia
  • Austria
  • Bangladesh
  • Belize
  • Bolivia
  • Burkina Faso
  • Cyprus
  • Czech Republic
  • Denmark
  • Djibouti
  • El Salvado
  • Estonia
  • Ethiopia
  • Fiji
  • French Polnesia
  • Georgia
  • Germany, Fed Republic
  • Ghana
  • Hong Kong
  • Hungary
  • Iraq
  • Ireland
  • Jordan
  • Kampuchea
  • Kenya
  • Liberia
  • Macedonia
  • Malaysia
  • Malta & Gozo
  • Morocco
  • Namibia
  • Nicaragua
  • Panama
  • Papua New Guinea
  • Portugal
  • Romania
  • Sierra Leone
  • Singapore
  • Somalia
  • Sri Lanka
  • Swaziland
  • Sweden
  • Switzerland
  • Syria
  • Tonga
  • Tunisia
  • Uganda
  • Ukraine
  • United Arab Emirates
  • United Kingdom
  • Uruguay
  • Vanuatu (New Hebrides)
  • Venezuela
  • Western Sahara
  • Yugoslavia
  • Zimbabwe

 

Domestic/Import Violation Rate Comparison for FY 2004

In FY 2004, 2,832 domestic and 5,073 import samples were collected and analyzed. Pesticide residues were detected in 41.4 % of the domestic samples and in 33.6 % of the import samples. The violation rate for domestic samples was 1.8% and 5.5 % for import samples. Among grains and grain products, the violation rate was 1.2 % for domestic samples and 0.8 % for imports. No violations were found in the milk/dairy products/eggs group or the fish/shellfish/other aquatic products group among either domestic or import samples. Of domestic fruit samples, 1.2% were violative; of imported fruit samples, 5.6% were violative. Of vegetables, 1.5% of domestic samples and 5.7% of import samples were violative. In the category "Other" (mostly nuts, edible seeds, honey, spices, and dietary supplements), the violation rates for domestic and import samples were 19.3 % and 7.7 %, respectively.

Of the domestic violative samples, eight of the 51 violations overall (15.7%) were for residues found to be over an established EPA tolerance or FDA formal action level.  The balance, 43 (84.3%), were for residues found in foods with no established EPA tolerance.  Of the import violative samples, 14 of 277 violations overall (5.1%), were for residues found to be over an established EPA tolerance or FDA formal action level.  The balance of import violations, 263 (94.9%), were for residues found in foods with no established EPA tolerance.

 

Pesticide Coverage

(*)
Table 3 lists the 488 pesticides that were detectable by the methods used in FY 2004. Each of the 157 pesticides that were actually found is indicated by an asterisk (*). Chemicals indicated by a (+) were not looked for by methods used in previous years, nor previously detected.

 

Table 3. Pesticides Detectable and Found (*) by Methods Used in FY 2004 Regulatory
Monitoringa,b,c

(E)-AZOXYSTROBIN *

(Z)-AZOXYSTROBIN *

1,2,3,4,6,7,8-HEPTACHLORODIBENZO
FURAN +

1,2,3,5-TETRACHLOROBENZENE

1,2,4,5-TETRACHLOROBENZENE

1,2,4-TRIAZOLE +

1-NAPHTHOL *

2,3,5,6-TETRACHLOROANILINE *

2,3,5-TRIIODOBENZOIC ACID +

2,3,6-TBA +

2,4,5-T +

2,4-D *

2,4-DB +

2,4-DICHLORO-6-NITROBENZENEAMINE

2,6-DICHLOROBENZAMIDE *

3-METHYL-4-NITROPHENOL +

4-(DICHLOROACETYL)-1-OXA-4-AZAPIRO 4.5 D

4-(PHENYLAMINO)PHENOL

4-CPA +

4-CYCLOHEXENE-1,2-DICARBOXIMIDE, CIS-  *

5-CHLORO-3-METHYL-4-NITRO-1H-PYRAZOLE

6-BENZYLADENINE

ACEPHATE *

ACETOCHLOR

ACIBENZOLAR-S-METHYL

ACIFLUORFEN

ACRINATHRIN

ALACHLOR

ALDICARB (TOTAL) *

ALDRIN

ALLETHRIN *

ALPHA CYPERMETHRIN

AMETRYN

AMINOCARB

ANILAZINE

ARAMITE

ATRAZINE *

AZINPHOS-ETHYL

AZINPHOS-METHYL (TOTAL) *

AZOXYSTROBIN *

BENDIOCARB *

BENFLURALIN (BENEFIN)

BENODANIL

BENOXACOR

BENSULIDE

BENTAZON +

BENZOYLPROP ETHYL

BF 490-1 +

BF 490-2 +

BF 490-9 +

BHC (TOTAL) *

BIFENOX

BIFENTHRIN *

BINAPACRYL

BIPHENYL *

BITERTANOL *

BOSCALID * +

BROMACIL

BROMOFENOXIN +

BROMOPHOS

BROMOPHOS-ETHYL

BROMOPROPYLATE *

BROMOXYNIL

BROMUCONAZOLE

BTS 27919 +

BUFENCARB *

BULAN

BUPIRIMATE

BUPROFEZIN *

BUTACHLOR

BUTRALIN

BUTYLATE

CADUSAFOS

CAPTAFOL

CAPTAN *

CARBARYL *

CARBETAMIDE +

CARBOFURAN (TOTAL) *

CARBOPHENOTHION (TOTAL)

CARBOPHENOTHION OXYGEN ANALOG SULFONE +

CARBOPHENOTHION SULFOXIDE +

CARBOSULFAN

CARBOTHENOTHION OXYGEN ANALOG +

CARBOXIN

CARFENTRAZONE ETHYL ESTER

CGA 14128

CGA 150829

CGA 171683

CGA-232449 +

CHLORAMBEN

CHLORBENSIDE

CHLORBROMURON

CHLORBUFAM

CHLORDANE (TOTAL) *

CHLORDECONE

CHLORDIMEFORM

CHLORETHOXYFOS

CHLORFENAPYR

CHLORFENVINPHOS (TOTAL) *

CHLORFLURECOL METHYL ESTER

CHLORIMURON-ETHYL

CHLORMEPHOS +

CHLORNITROFEN

CHLOROBENZILATE

CHLORONEB

CHLOROPROPYLATE

CHLOROTHALONIL *

CHLOROXURON

CHLORPROPHAM *

CHLORPYRIFOS *

CHLORPYRIFOS METHYL *

CHLORPYRIFOS OXYGEN ANALOG +

CHLORPYRIFOS-D10 (DEUTERATED) * +

CHLORTHIOPHOS

CHLORTHIOPHOS OXYGEN ANALOG +

CHLORTHIOPHOS SULFONE +

CHLORTHIOPHOS SULFOXIDE +

CLODINAFOP-PROPARGYL

CLOMAZONE

CLOPROP +

CLOPYRALID

CLOQUINTOCET-MEXYL

COUMAPHOS *

COUMAPHOS OXYGEN ANALOG +

CP 51214 +

CROTOXYPHOS

CRUFOMATE

CYANAZINE

CYANOFENPHOS

CYANOPHOS

CYCLOATE *

CYCLURON

CYFLUTHRIN *

CYHALOFOP BUTYL ESTER

CYMOXANIL

CYPERMETHRIN *

CYPRAZINE

CYPROCONAZOLE

CYPRODINIL *

DCPA *

DCVA, TRANS- (PEMETHRIN METABOLITE) *

DDT (TOTAL) *

DEF *

DELTAMETHRIN *

DELTAMETHRIN, TRANS-

DEMETON-O +

DEMETON-S +

DEMETON-S SULFONE * +

DEMETON-S SULFOXIDE +

DES N-ISOPROPYL ISOFENPHOS

DESDIETHYL SIMAZINE +

DESETHYLTERBUTHYLAZINE +

DES-ISOPROPYL IPRODIONE

DESMETHYL DIPHENAMID +

DESMETRYN

DIALIFOR

DIALLATE

DIAZINON *

DIAZINON OXYGEN ANALOG

DICAMBA

DICHLOBENIL *

DICHLOFENTHION

DICHLOFLUANID *

DICHLONE

DICHLOROBENZOPHENONE, P,P'-

DICHLORPROP +

DICHLORVOS *

DICLOBUTRAZOL

DICLOFOP +

DICLOFOP-METHYL

DICLORAN *

DICOFOL (TOTAL) *

DICROTOPHOS

DIELDRIN (TOTAL) *

DIETHATYL-ETHYL

DIETHOFENCARB *

DIFENOCONAZOLE *

DIFLUBENZURON +

DILAN

DIMETHACHLOR

DIMETHAMETRYN

DIMETHIPIN

DIMETHOATE *

DINITRAMINE

DINOBUTON

DINOCAP

DIOXACARB *

DIOXATHION

DIPHENAMID

DIPHENYLAMINE *

DISULFOTON

DISULFOTON SULFONE +

DISULFOTON SULFOXIDE * +

DPX-MP062

EDIFENPHOS

ENDOSULFAN (TOTAL) *

ENDRIN (TOTAL) *

EPN *

EPOXICONAZOLE *

EPTC

ESFENVALERATE *

ETACONAZOLE

ETHALFLURALIN

ETHEPHON

ETHIOFENCARB

ETHIOLATE

ETHION *

ETHION OXYGEN ANALOG *

ETHOFUMESATE

ETHOPROP

ETHOXYQUIN *

ETOFENPROX +

ETOXAZOLE +

ETRIDIAZOLE *

ETRIMFOS

ETRIMFOS OXYGEN ANALOG +

FAMPHUR (TOTAL)

FENAC +

FENAMIDONE

FENAMIPHOS (TOTAL) *

FENARIMOL *

FENAZAQUIN * +

FENBUCONAZOLE *

FENFURAM

FENHEXAMID *

FENITROTHION *

FENITROTHION OXYGEN ANALOG +

FENOXAPROP-ETHYL

FENOXYCARB

FENPROPATHRIN *

FENPROPIMORPH

FENSON *

FENSULFOTHION (TOTAL)

FENTHION (TOTAL)

FENVALERATE *

FIPRONIL

FLAMPROP-METHYL

FLAMPROP-M-ISOPROPYL

FLUAZIFOP BUTYL ESTER

FLUAZINAM

FLUCHLORALIN

FLUCYTHRINATE (PAYOFF)

FLUDIOXONIL *

FLURIDONE *

FLUROXYPYR +

FLUSILAZOLE *

FLUTOLANIL *

FLUVALINATE

FOE 5043 (FLUFENACET)

FOLPET *

FONOFOS

FONOFOS OXYGEN ANALOG +

FORMOTHION

FOSTHIAZATE (TOTAL)

FUBERIDAZOLE *

FURILAZOLE

GARDONA (TETRACHLORVINPHOS)

HALOXYFOP

HEPTACHLOR (TOTAL) *

HEPTENOPHOS

HEXACHLOROBENZENE *

HEXACONAZOLE

HEXAZINONE

HEXYTHIAZOX

IBP +

IMAZALIL *

IMAZAMETHABENZ METHYL ESTER (AC 222,2

IMIDACLOPRID

IN-B2838 +

IOXYNIL +

IPRODIONE *

IPRODIONE METABOLITE ISOMER

ISAZOFOS

ISOCARBAMID

ISOFENPHOS

ISOFENPHOS OXYGEN ANALOG +

ISOPROCARB

ISOPROPALIN

ISOPROTHIOLANE

ISOXABEN

ISOXAFLUTOLE

JODFENPHOS * +

KRESOXIM-METHYL

LACTOFEN (TOTAL*)

LAMBDA-CYHALOTHRIN *

LENACIL

LEPTOPHOS

LEPTOPHOS OXYGEN ANALOG +

LEPTOPHOS PHOTOPRODUCT +

LINDANE *

LINURON *

MALATHION *

MALATHION OXYGEN ANALOG *

MB 46513 +

MB 45950 +

MB 46136 +

MCPA

MCPB +

MECARBAM

MECOPROP +

MEPHOSFOLAN

MERPHOS

METAFLUMIZONE +

METALAXYL (TOTAL) *

METALDEHYDE *

METASYSTOX THIOL

METAZACHLOR

METHABENZTHIAZURON

METHAMIDOPHOS *

METHIDATHION *

METHIOCARB *

METHOMYL *

METHOPROTRYNE

METHOXYCHLOR (TOTAL) *

METOBROMURON

METOLACHLOR

METOLCARB

METRIBUZIN (TOTAL)

MEVINPHOS (TOTAL) *

MGK 264 *

MIREX (TOTAL) *

MOLINATE

MONOCROTOPHOS *

MONOLINURON

MYCLOBUTANIL *

N, N-DIALLYL DICHLOROACETAMIDE

NALED

NAPROPAMIDE

N-DESMETHYL FLUCARBAZONE

NICOTINE * +

NITRALIN

NITRAPYRIN

NITROFEN

NITROFLUORFEN

NITROTHAL-ISOPROPYL

NOREA

NORFLURAZON (TOTAL)

NUARIMOL

OCTHILINONE

OFURACE

OMETHOATE *

OVEX

OXADIAZON *

OXADIXYL *

OXAMYL *

OXAMYL OXIME METABOLITE +

OXYDEMETON-METHYL (TOTAL)

OXYFLUORFEN

OXYTHIOQUINOX

PACLOBUTRAZOL

PARATHION

PARATHION OXYGEN ANALOG +

PARATHION-METHYL *

PARATHION-METHYL OXYGEN ANALOG +

PEBULATE

PENCONAZOLE *

PENDIMETHALIN *

PENTACHLOROBENZENE *

PENTACHLOROBENZONITRILE *

PENTACHLOROPHENOL +

PENTACHLOROPHENYL METHYL ETHER *

PERMETHRIN (TOTAL) *

PERTHANE

PHENMEDIPHAM

PHENOTHRIN

PHENTHOATE

PHENYLPHENOL, O- *

PHORATE *

PHORATE METABOLITES (TOTAL) * +

PHOSALONE *

PHOSALONE OXYGEN ANALOG +

PHOSMET *

PHOSMET OXYGEN ANALOG +

PHOSPHAMIDON

PHOXIM OXYGEN ANALOG

PIPERONYL BUTOXIDE *

PIPEROPHOS

PIRIMICARB *

PIRIMIPHOS-ETHYL *

PIRIMIPHOS-ETHYL OXYGEN ANALOG +

PIRIMIPHOS-METHYL *

PPG-947 * +

PRETILACHLOR

PROBENAZOLE

PROCHLORAZ *

PROCYAZINE

PROCYMIDONE *

PROFENOFOS *

PROFLURALIN

PROLAN

PROMECARB

PROMETON +

PROMETRYN

PRONAMIDE *

PROPACHLOR

PROPANIL

PROPARGITE *

PROPAZINE

PROPETAMPHOS

PROPHAM

PROPICONAZOLE (TOTAL) *

PROPOXUR

PROTHIOFOS *

PROTHOATE

PYRACARBOLID

PYRACLOSTROBIN *

PYRAZON

PYRAZOPHOS (AFUGAN)

PYRETHRINS

PYRIDABEN *

PYRIDAPHENTHION

PYRIMETHANIL *

PYRIMIDINOL (DIAZINON HYDROLYSIS PRODUCT) +

PYRIPROXYFEN *

QUINALPHOS *

QUINCLORAC +

QUINOXYFEN *

QUINTOZENE (TOTAL) *

RONNEL

RONNEL OXYGEN ANALOG +

RPA 405862 +

RPA 408056 +

RPA 717879 +

SALITHION

S-BIOALLETHRIN

SCHRADAN

SILVEX +

SIMAZINE *

SIMETRYNE

SPIRODICLOFEN +

STROBANE

SULFALLATE

SULFOTEPP

SULPHENONE

SULPROFOS (TOTAL)

TCMTB

TEBUCONAZOLE *

TEBUPRIMIFOS

TEBUTHIURON

TECNAZENE (TOTAL) *

TEFLUTHRIN

TEPP

TERBACIL

TERBUFOS (TOTAL)

TERBUMETON

TERBUTHYLAZINE

TERBUTRYN

TETRACONAZOLE * +

TETRADIFON *

TETRAIODOETHYLENE

TETRAMETHRIN *

TETRASUL

THIABENDAZOLE *

THIAMETHOXAM

THIAZOPYR

THIOBENCARB

THIOMETON

THIONAZIN

TOLCLOFOS METHYL +

TOLYLFLUANID *

TOXAPHENE *

TRALKOXYDIM

TRALOMETHRIN

TRANID +

TRIADIMEFON (TOTAL) *

TRIADIMENOL *

TRI-ALLATE

TRIAZAMATE

TRIAZOPHOS *

TRICHLORFON

TRICLOPYR

TRICYCLAZOLE

TRIDIPHANE

TRIETAZINE

TRIFLOXYSTROBIN * +

TRIFLUMIZOLE *

TRIFLURALIN *

TRIFLUSULFURON METHYL ESTER

TRIMETHACARB (LANDRIN)

TRIMETHACARB (TOTAL)

TRIPHENYL PHOSPHATE *

TRIS(BETA-CHLOROETHYL) PHOSPHATE *

VAMIDOTHION SULFONE

VERNOLATE

VINCLOZOLIN (TOTAL) *

VINCLOZOLIN METABOLITE E +

XMC

ZOXAMIDE

 

aThe list of pesticides detectable is expressed in terms of the parent pesticide. However, monitoring coverage and findings may have included metabolites, impurities, and alteration products.

bSome of these pesticides are no longer manufactured or registered for use in the United States.

cChemicals indicated by a (+) were not found nor documented as recovered in previous years.
(*)


Animal Feeds

In FY 2004, 578 feed samples (476 domestic surveillance and 102 import) were collected and analyzed for pesticides by the FDA (Table 4). Of the 476 domestic surveillance samples, 354 (74.4%) contained no detectable pesticide residues, 108 (22.7%) contained non-violative residues, and 14 (2.9%) contained residues which exceeded regulatory guidance. Of the 102 import samples, 80 (78.4%) contained no detectable pesticide residues, 20 (19.6%) contained non-violative residues, and 2 (2.0%) contained a residue which exceeded regulatory guidance.

Eight domestic surveillance samples of corn exceeded regulatory guidance.  Three corn samples from Ohio and one from Mississippi contained o-phenylphenol at levels ranging from .021 ppm to .105 ppm.  The EPA has not established a tolerance for o-phenylphenol on corn in 40 CFR 180.129 (title 40 of the Code of Federal Regulations, part 180, section 129).  Two corn samples from Kansas and one from Missouri contained methoxychlor at levels ranging from .035 ppm to .071 ppm.  All the tolerances for methoxychlor in 40 CFR 180.120 were revoked by the EPA effective October 15, 2002.  One corn sample from New York contained 0.224 ppm of chlorpyrifos-methyl.  The EPA has not established a tolerance for chlorpyrifos-methyl on corn in 40 CFR 180.419.

Six other domestic surveillance samples of animal feed exceeded regulatory guidance.  A sample of pistachio hulls from California contained 9.42 ppm of permethrin.  This level exceeded the 0.1 ppm tolerance the EPA established in 40 CFR 180.378 for permethrin on pistachios.  A soybean meal sample from Missouri contained gardona (tetrachlorvinphos) at 0.317 ppm.  The EPA has not established a tolerance for gardona on soybeans in 40 CFR 180.252.  A distiller's grain sample from Minnesota contained .043 ppm of biphenyl.  All the tolerances for biphenyl in 40 CFR 180.141 were revoked by the EPA effective October 19, 1999.  A sample of poultry litter from California contained .300 ppm of o-phenylphenol.  Although o-phenylphenol has tolerances that range from 5 to 125 ppm on 22 different fruits and vegetables in 40 CFR 180.129, none of these 22 commodities would be expected in poultry litter.  A sample of beet pulp pellets from Montana contained .101 ppm of CIPC (chlorpropham) and a sample of dry rendered tankage from Illinois contained .062 ppm of chlorpropham.  The only tolerance established by the EPA for chlorpropham in 40 CFR 180.181 is on potatoes.  The EPA established an interim tolerance for chlorpropham of 0.05 ppm in meat byproducts of cattle, hogs, horses, and sheep in 40 CFR 180.319.

Two import samples of animal feed exceeded regulatory guidance.  Pelleted canola fines from Canada contained 4.40 ppm of malathion.  The EPA has not established a tolerance for malathion on canola or rapeseed in 40 CFR 180.111.  A sample of pet bird food (chili peppers) that was manufactured in India and shipped from Canada contained 0.867 ppm of ethion.  The only tolerances established for ethion in 40 CFR 180.173 are on animal by-products and citrus fruit.

In the 122 domestic surveillance and 22 import samples of animal feed in which one or more pesticides were detected, there were 201 residues (165 quantifiable and 36 trace).  Malathion, chlorpyrifos-methyl, chlorpropham, DDE + TDE + DDT, and ethoxyquin were the most frequently found and accounted for 65.2% of all residues detected (Table 5).

 

Table 4 - Summary of the 578 Domestic Surveillance and Import Samples of  Animal Feed that were Collected and Analyzed for Pesticides by the FDA in FY 2004.
Type of Feed# of SamplesSamples with No
Pesticide Residues
Samples Exceeding
Regulatory Guidance
#%#%
Whole/Ground Grains23719180.683.4
Plant By-products16712776.053.0
Mixed Feed Rations976567.011.0
Animal By-products342573.512.9
Hay & Hay Products221568.200.0
Supplements/Misc.211152.414.8
TOTALS578434(75.1)16(2.8)

 

Table 5 - Summary of the Pesticides Detected in the 122 Domestic Surveillance and 22 Import Samples of Animal Feed Collected and Analyzed by FDA in FY 2004 that Contained One or More Detectable Residues.
PesticideNumber of Samples with
Trace1
Amounts
Quantifiable
Levels
Range2
(ppm)
Median2
(ppm)
Malathion5550.007 - 4.400.082
Chlorpyrifos-methyl6220.019 - 1.320.056
Chlorpropham0160.015 - 0.5410.098
DDE+TDE+DDT3120.002 - 0.0300.008
Ethoxyquin30120.058 - 11.00.583
Permethrin440.200 - 9.420.540
Methoxychlor (p,p’+o,p’)530.035 - 0.0710.063
Diazinon160.016 - 0.1620.062
Chlorpyrifos250.015 - 0.0900.036
Pirimiphos-methyl330.087 - 0.3300.183
Phenylphenol-o050.021 - 0.3000.049
DEF230.056 - 0.1310.115
Phosmet030.400 - 1.000.400
Ethion120.049 - 0.867 
Endosulfan (sulfate + I)210.010 
All others42130.010 - 1.700.043

1 The residue found is below the level that is normally quantifiable, but its presence and identity are known.

2 Found in samples containing quantifiable levels.

3 3 Ethoxyquin is approved as a pesticide (plant regulator) at levels up to 3 ppm in 40 CFR 180.178. Ethoxyquin is also a feed additive anti-oxidant) that is approved at levels up to 150 ppm in a finished article (21 CFR 573.380).

4 N=2 for azoxystrobin (.020 and 0.200 ppm) and gardona (.024 and .317 ppm); n=1 for atrazine (.013 ppm), azinphos-methyl (1.70 ppm), biphenyl (.043 ppm), cyfluthrin (.053 ppm), cyprodinil (trace), DCPA (trace), dieldrin (.018 ppm), iprodione (.560 ppm), metolachlor (.013 ppm), parathion-methyl (.045 ppm), and trifluralin (.010 ppm).


Focused Sampling

As previously described, FDA conducts "focused sampling" by means of short-term, regulatory based, field assignments.

In FY 2004 two field assignments for pesticide residues were issued. The first was "Sample Collection and Analysis of Dietary Supplement Ginseng for Pesticides," which was issued as regulatory follow-up for domestic marketed ginseng supplements suspected of pesticide residue violations. This assignment was related to an assignment issued in FY 2003, "Pesticides in Imported Bulk Ginseng and Domestic Ginseng Dietary Supplements." The FY 2003 assignment was noted in "FDA's Pesticide Program Residue Monitoring Report 2003."

The results of the combined FY 2003 and 2004 ginseng assignments are as follows:

Imports:

  • Sixty-two import samples, largely bulk ginseng, collected and analyzed.
  • Violative residues reported in 37 samples (60%) from these countries of origin: People's Republic of China (17); Canada (11); Hong Kong (6); and Republic of Korea (3).
  • Twenty-three different violative residues reported
  • Pentachloroaniline, quintozene, and pentachlorobenzene were the most common violative residues found.

Domestic:

  • Seventy-nine domestic ginseng samples, largely dietary supplements, collected and analyzed
  • Violative residues reported in 45 samples (57%)
  • Twenty-three different violative residues reported
  • Pentachloroaniline, quintozene, and pentachlorobenzene were the most common violative residues found.

The second field assignment was "Sample Collection and Analysis of Imported Dietary Supplements and Botanical Products for Pesticides and Toxic Elements" which included non-ginseng products Citrus aurantium, milk thistle, echinacea, and saw palmetto.

As a result of the second assignment, 21 samples were collected and analyzed, consisting of milk thistle (10 samples), Cirtus aurantium (6), echinacea (3), and saw palmetto (2). No violative residues were found in any of the samples. Some of these sample analyses carried over into FY 2005, but the results have been consolidated here.

Detailed results for samples for both assignments can be found in the Access database tables provided on FDA's internet website (see "Acknowledgments" section) .  The tables accompany this FY 2004 narrative report on the web.   The database tables for FY 2003 (ginseng) and 2005 (imported dietary supplements) are also available on that site. 

 

 FDA Total Diet Study

 

Of the over 300 chemicals that can be determined for the analytical methods used, residues of 97 individual compounds were found in the foods analyzed in the four market baskets reported for FY 2004 (Market Baskets 03-4, 04-1, 04-2, and 04-3). The 97 individual compounds detected consisted of 71 parent pesticides of which 31 had one or more related compounds (e.g., isomers, metabolites) detected as well.

Table 6 lists the 25 most frequently found residues (i.e., those found in 2% or more of the samples) in the TDS foods other than infant and toddler foods, the total number of findings, and the percent occurrence in the four market baskets analyzed in 2004 (916 total samples). The five most frequently observed chemicals were: DDT, malathion, chlorpyrifos-methyl, endosulfan, and dieldrin, and are the same as those observed for the past several years. The levels of these and other residues listed in Table 6 were typically below regulatory limits.

The TDS program also collects and analyzes infant and toddler foods. Table 7 provides the frequency of occurrence in FY 2004 of the 23 pesticide residues (found in 2% or more of these samples in the four collections of these foods which totaled 228 samples), and the ranges of levels found.

 

Table 6 - Frequency of Occurrence of Pesticide Residues in Total Diet Study Foods Other than Infant and Toddler Foods in FY 2004
Pesticide1Total No. of FindingsOccurrence, %2Range, ppm
DDT227250.0001 - 0.088
Malathion179200.0003 - 0.289
Chlorpyrifos methyl157170.0001 - 0.039
Endosulfan142160.0001 - 0.072
Dieldrin118130.0001 - 0.020
Chlorpyrifos7480.0001 - 0.023
Chlorpropham5760.0004 - 2.770
Thiabendazole35260.001 - 0.576
Carbaryl44350.001 - 0.096
Permethrin3840.0003 - 2.340
Methamidophos3640.0008 - 0.648
Quintozene3030.0001 - 0.026
Dimethoate3030.0004 - 0.014
Phenylphenol, o-2630.005 - 0.629
Lindane2530.0001 - 0.002
Acephate2430.001 - 0.429
Pirimiphos methyl2430.0004 - 0.052
Ethion2220.0002 - 0.0074
Dichloran2220.0002 - 0.231
Toxaphene1920.001 - 0.049
Dicamba51920.0002 - 0.006
Heptachlor1820.0001 - 0.0009
2,4-D51820.0002 - 0.016
Cypermethrin1720.0007 - 1.110
Hexachlorobenzene1720.0001 - 0.002

1 Isomers, metabolites, and related compounds are included with the 'parent' pesticide.

2 Based on 916 total samples analyzed from 4 market baskets.  The "% incidence" represents the incidence of detected residues of that pesticide in the TDS foods overall. See 3-5 and the "Notes" below.

3 Reflects overall incidence; however, only 63-67 selected foods per market basket (i.e. 264 total samples) were analyzed for Benzimidazole fungicides.

4 Reflects overall incidence; however, only 81-82 selected foods per market basket (i.e. 327 total samples) were analyzed for N-methylcarbamates.

5 Reflects overall incidence; however, only 16 selected foods per market basket (i.e. 64 total samples) were analyzed for Chlorophenoxy acids.

Notes 3,4,5: In the TDS, only selected foods are analyzed for the residue(s) noted. Those selected represent foods that have registered uses for the chemicals, or otherwise have a meaningful possibility of containing the chemicals, based on FDA monitoring data, knowledge of pesticide usage, or knowledge of residue chemistry.

 

Table 7 - Frequency of Occurrence of Pesticide Residues in Total Diet Study Infant and Toddler Foods in FY 2004
Pesticide1Total No. of FindingsOccurrence, %2Range, ppm
Carbaryl338170.001 - 0.051
Thiabendazole430130.001 - 0.326
DDT26110.001 - 0.009
Endosulfan1880.0002 - 0.0046
Permethrin1770.0005 - 0.036
Malathion1770.0005 - 0.057
Dieldrin1670.0001 - 0.033
Chlorpropham1460.0008 - 0.019
Chlorpyrifos methyl1250.0006 - 0.025
Benomyl41250.010 - 0.031
Chlorpyrifos1150.0002 - 0.001
Ethylenethiourea51040.002 - 0.011
Phenylphenol, o-940.003 - 0.103
Dimethoate840.0005 - 0.012
Phosmet840.004 - 0.056
Quinclorac6730.0004 - 0.001
Diphenylamine730.003 - 0.032
Primiphos methyl630.001 - 0.011
Omethoate520.002 - 0.026
Iprodione520.001 - 0.014
Biphenyl420.002 - 0.002
Methamidophos420.002 - 0.019
Azinphos-methyl420.001 - 0.007

1 Isomers, metabolites, and related compounds are included with the 'parent' pesticide.

2 Based on 228 total TDS "infant and toddler food" samples analyzed overall from 4 market baskets.

3 Reflects overall incidence; however, only 33-38 selected "infant and toddler foods" per market basket (i.e. 147 total samples) were analyzed for N-methylcarbamates.

4 Reflects overall incidence; however, only 32-38 selected "baby foods" per market basket (i.e. 146 total samples) were analyzed for Benzimidazoles.

5 Reflects overall incidence; however, only 28-31 selected "baby foods" per market basket (i.e. 121 total samples) were analyzed for Ethylenethiourea.

6 Reflects overall incidence; however, only 7 selected "baby foods" per market basket (i.e. 28 total samples) were analyzed for Chlorophenoxy acids.

Notes 3-6:  In the TDS, not all "infant and toddler foods," but only selected ones are analyzed for the residue(s) noted. Those selected represent foods that have registered uses for the chemicals, or otherwise have a meaningful possibility of containing the chemicals, based on FDA monitoring data, knowledge of pesticide usage, and/or knowledge of residue chemistry.

 

 Summary

 

 Regulatory Monitoring FY 2004

 

A total of 7,905 samples of domestically produced food and imported food from 102 countries were analyzed for pesticide residues in FY 2004. No residues were found in 58.6 % of domestic and 66.4 % of import samples (Figure 3) analyzed under FDA's regulatory monitoring approach in 2004. Violative residue levels were found in 1.8 % of domestic and 5.5% of import samples. The findings for 2004 demonstrate that pesticide residue levels in foods are generally well below EPA tolerances, corroborating results presented in earlier reports .

FDA also collected and analyzed 476 domestic and 102 import animal feed samples for pesticides. No residues were found in 74.4 % of the domestic feed samples and 78.4 % of the import feed samples.

 Figure 3 - Summary of Results of Domestic vs. Import Samples

pie charts illustrating comparison of 2832 Domestics samples with 5073 Import samples above.

 

Total Diet Study

 

In FY 2004, the types of pesticide residues found and their frequency of occurrence in the TDS were generally consistent with those in previous FDA reports. The pesticide residue levels found were well below regulatory standards. Results of baby foods tested in FY 2004 (and earlier years) also provide evidence of only small amounts of pesticide residues in these foods.


 

Appendix A - Results of FY  2004 Domestic Samples by Commodity Group
Commodity GroupTotal
Samples Analyzed
Samples With No
Residues %
Samples
Violative1 %
Violations Over
Tolerance #
Violations No
Tolerance #
A. Grains and
Grain Products
Barley & barley products1978.95.3120
Corn & corn products4082.50.000
Oats & oat products666.7000
Rice & rice products3281.29.403
Soybeans & soybean products2190.50.000
Wheat & wheat products17954.20.000
Other grains & grain products1181.80.000
Breakfast cereals101000.000
Bakery products, crackers, etc.80.00.000
Total32667.81.213
B. Milk/Dairy
Products/Eggs
Cheese & cheese products2785.20.000
Eggs120.00.000
Milk/cream & milk products100.00.000
Total4991.80.000
C. Fish/Shellfish/Other
Aquatic Products
Fish and Fish Products8589.40.000
Shellfish & Crustaceans2692.30.000
Aquaculture Seafood1283.30.000
Total12389.40.000
D. FruitsBlackberries1540.00.000
Blueberries1855.60.000
Boysenberries1100.00.000
Cranberries862.50.000
Currants50.0100.0305
Grapes, raisins1566.70.000
Raspberries1154.50.000
Strawberries5534.50.000
Grapefruit1435.70.000
Lemons1921.10.000
Oranges17754.20.000
Other citrus fruit1050.00.000
Apples19435.10.000
Pears3444.10.000
Other core fruit1100.00.000
Apricots1315.47.701
Avocadoes4100.00.000
Cherries3813.12.610
Nectarines850.00.000
Peaches8921.31.101
Plums1250.00.000
Other pit fruit1100.00.000
Bananas, plantains666.70.000
Papaya10.00.000
Pineapple1100.00.000
Cantaloupe1833.35.601
Watermelon1894.40.000
Other melons1275.00.000
Other fruits1553.36.701
Apple juice3767.60.000
Orange juice666.70.000
Other fruit juices4100.00.000
Fruit jams/jellies/pastes/toppings825.00.000
Total86842.91.219
E. VegetablesCorn6595.40.000
Peas (green/snow/sugar/sweet)1883.311.102
String beans (green/snap/pole/long)8861.41.101
Other beans & peas & products8682.60.000
Cucumbers5461.10.000
Eggplant1392.30.000
Okra6100.00.000
Peppers, hot1145.50.000
Peppers, sweet5255.83.802
Squash/pumpkins9255.42.211
Tomatoes11554.80.000
Other fruiting vegetables425.00.000
Asparagus1989.50.000
Bok choy & Chinese cabbage728.60.000
Broccoli2770.40.000
Cabbage7880.81.301
Cauliflower977.80.000
Celery1346.20.000
Collards1323.115.402
Endive825.00.000
Kale728.60.000
Lettuce, head2147.60.000
Lettuce, leaf5538.21.801
Mustard greens1233.30.000
Spinach2352.24.301
Other leaf & stem vegetables2755.611.103
Mushrooms and Truffles616.70.000
Carrots7744.22.602
Onions/leeks/scallions/shallots5887.91.701
Potatoes12943.40.000
Radishes1338.57.701
Red beets1593.36.701
Sweet potatoes4259.52.410
Turnips1560.00.000
Other root & tuber vegetables2352.20.000
Vegetables, dried or paste4285.70.000
Other vegetables/vegetable products4062.50.000
Total138361.91.5219
F. OtherAlmonds580.00.000
Beverages & water4100.00.000
Ginseng (including teas)248.366.74412
Honey & other sweeteners16100.00.000
Peanuts475.00.000
Pecans6100.00.000
Spices, condiments, & flavors560.00.000
Other nuts, edible seeds11100.00.000
Multiple foods (dinners, soup)3100.00.000
Nonfood items (animal feed)560.00.000
Total8366.319.3412
Total A-F: 283258.61.8843

1 Includes samples with residues over an established tolerance or action level, and samples with residues that have no established tolerance for the commodity.

2 Residue exceeded an action level rather than a tolerance.

3 "Currants" violations -  Consisted of a single episode, i.e., includes 4 follow-up compliance samples collected from same dealer and grower after a single surveillance sample was found to contain an unapproved pesticide.

4 Ginseng violations - all were dietary supplements; 7 of 16 violations were of U.S. products containing ginseng of foreign origin.   Three samples in violation contained both residues exceeding an action level and residues with no tolerance, and are reported here as "Violations Over Tolerance".

 

Appendix B - Results of FY 2004 Import Samples by Commodity Group
Commodity GroupTotal
Samples Analyzed
Samples Without
Residues %
Samples
Violative1 %
Violations Over
Tolerance #
Violations No
Tolerance #
A. Grains and
Grain Products
Barley & barley products4100.00.000
Corn & corn products3100.00.000
Oats & oat products977.80.000
Rice & rice products3588.62.910
Wheat & wheat products1979.00.000
Other grains & grain products2281.80.000
Breakfast cereals875.00.000
Bakery products, crackers, snack foods, etc.1593.30.000
Pasta and noodles1573.30.000
Total13083.80.810
B. Milk/Dairy
Products/Eggs
Cheese & cheese products2100.00.000
Eggs1163.60.000
Milk/cream & milk products5100.00.000
Total1877.80.000
C. Fish/Shellfish/Other
Aquatic Products
Fish and Fish Products12282.00.000
Crustaceans7100.00.000
Aquaculture Fish & Shellfish3697.20.000
Other Aquatic Animals & Products2100.00.000
Total16786.00.000
D. FruitsBlackberries4537.86.703
Blueberries6479.70.000
Cranberries580.00.000
Grapes, raisins7837.23.812
Raspberries6946.41.401
Strawberries12147.15.006
Other berries1566.720.003
Clementines40.00.000
Grapefruit785.70.000
Lemons560.00.000
Limes475.00.000
Oranges1963.25.301
Other citrus fruit366.70.000
Apples4744.72.101
Pears4667.42.201
Other pome fruit10.00.000
Apricots1216.70.000
Avocadoes18100.00.000
Cherries3834.210.504
Dates1275.08.301
Nectarines160.00.000
Olives2770.43.701
Peaches2138.14.801
Plums3318.23.001
Other pit fruit4100.00.000
Ackees, lychees, longans4100.00.000
Bananas, plantains3979.50.000
Breadfruit & jackfruit14100.00.000
Figs3100.00.000
Guavas250.050.001
Kiwi fruit1080.010.001
Passion fruit1090.010.001
Mangoes5488.91.901
Papaya10435.616.3116
Pineapple3154.83.201
Other sub-tropical fruit5364.215.117
Bitter melon1241.225.003
Cantaloupe1618.80.000
Honeydew2642.30.000
Watermelon1770.60.000
Other melons666.716.701
Other fruits1776.55.901
Apple juice5692.90.000
Citrus juice166.20.000
Other fruit juices13883.31.402
Fruit  jams /jellies/pastespulp/toppings27170.85.91 225
Total161361.15.6486
E. VegetablesCorn3697.22.801
Mung beans & mung bean sprouts1573.00.000
Peas (green/snow/sugar/sweet)10569.513.3113
String beans (green/snap/pole/long)12551.28.019
Other beans, corn, peas & their products14677.46.2138
Cucumbers11350.45.306
Eggplant7384.95.504
Okra2580.016.004
Peppers, hot25252.88.7022
Peppers, sweet28062.55.7115
Squash/pumpkins16240.11.903
Tomatoes18970.42.104
Tomatillo (husk tomato)2161.94.801
Other fruiting vegetables5375.511.306
Artichokes1283.30.000
Asparagus8989.90.000
Bamboo shoots5100.00.000
Bok choy & Chinese cabbage1464.30.000
Broccoli5366.00.000
Cabbage1668.80.000
Cauliflower195.30.000
Celery2433.38.302
Chicory leaf, Withloof1090.010.001
Collards1100.00.000
Endive7100.00.000
Kale130.00.000
Lettuce, head1250.00.000
Lettuce, leaf1330.80.000
Mustard greens616.70.000
Radicchio785.714.301
Spinach2552.00.000
Brussel sprouts3083.30.000
Other leaf & stem vegetables12471.812.912,315
Mushrooms and Truffles3591.42.901
Carrots3677.80.000
Cassava1291.70.000
Garlic11100.00.000
Onions/leeks/scallions/shallots19656.12.605
Potatoes3262.56.211
Radishes3537.12.901
Red beets1040.010.001
Sweet potatoes/yams2090.00.000
Turnips450.025.001
Water chestnuts1384.615.402
Other root & tuber vegetables4678.313.006
Vegetables with sauce1794.10.000
Vegetables, dried or paste22773.16.21213
Other vegetables/vegetable products5072.016.008
Total281965.45.77154
F. OtherCashews1693.80.000
Pecans10100.00.000
Peanuts & peanut products7100.00.000
Soybeans757.128.602
Other nuts & nut products1291.20.000
Edible seeds & seed products2889.33.601
Vegetable oils4100.00.000
Spices & condiments & flavors6267.714.51 28
Beverages & water17100.00.000
Beverage bases11100.00.000
Coffee/tea/wine/liquor785.70.000
Honey4697.80.000
Other sweetners6100.00.000
Baby foods/formula1788.25.901
Ginseng (dietary supplements)1811.155.61 29
Other supplements/botanicals/teas4274.54.802
Other food products, incl. prepared/multiple foods1392.30.000
Nonfood items3100.00.000
Total32682.87.7223
Total A-F507366.45.514263

1 Includes samples with residues over an established tolerance or action level, and samples with residues that have no established tolerance for the commodity.

2 Sample contained both an over tolerance residue and one or more no tolerance residue(s).

3 Residue exceeded an action level rather than a tolerance.


FDA Pesticide Program Residue Monitoring 2004-2006   March 16, 2011