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U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

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Arsenic in Rice: Full Analytical Results from Rice/Rice Product Sampling - September 2012

Arsenic in Rice Main Page

For updated sampling results from May 2013, see Analytical Results from Inorganic Arsenic in Rice and Rice Products Sampling (PDF: 767KB).


On September 19, 2012, the FDA released the first analytical results of nearly 200 samples of rice and rice products collected since in the U.S. marketplace. The FDA is collecting and analyzing more than 1,000 additional rice and rice product samples, and will post additional data as results become available.

Sample IDProduct CategorySample DescriptionCountry of OriginTotal As (ppb1)
dry wt
Inorganic As (ppb) dry wtDMA (ppb) dry wtMMA (ppb) dry wtInorganic As per serving (mcg/
servingc)
728638Rice (non-Basmati)Long Grain White Rice Fully Cooked, parboiledNDa91.27122TRb3.2
492963Rice (non-Basmati)Ready to Serve Long Grain White Rice Fully Cooked, parboiledND95.873TR03.3
721866BRice (non-Basmati)Organic CarnaroliItaly112943104.2
721856ARice (non-Basmati)Whole Grain RedUSA126882604.0
721868ARice (non-Basmati)Wild Riced USA127134TR06.0
721857Rice (non-Basmati)Long Grain BrownUSA1491142305.1
721860BRice (non-Basmati)Long Grain BrownUSA1621202805.4
721868BRice (non-Basmati)Cracked Wild RiceUSA173137TR06.2
721856BRice (non-Basmati)Wild RiceUSA1741304505.9
720004Rice (non-Basmati)Medium Grain RiceUSA1849783TR4.4
725138Rice (non-Basmati)Instant Enriched Long GrainND18449129TR2.2
725130Rice (non-Basmati)Whole Grain Brown Pre-cooked parboiledND185798303.6
725139Rice (non-Basmati)Enriched Rice Long GrainND19310579TR4.7
492961Rice (non-Basmati)Instant Enriched Long GrainUSA20366126TR3.0
721869Rice (non-Basmati)Extra Long Grain RiceUSA2161539406.9
720000Rice (non-Basmati)Enriched Long GrainND23212011805.4
492965Rice (non-Basmati)Long Grain, Enriched Pre-cookedND24459189TR2.7
720008Rice (non-Basmati)Extra Long GrainUSA249152114TR6.8
725137Rice (non-Basmati)Brown Rice Natural Long GrainND25621666TR9.7
720005Rice (non-Basmati)Enriched Long Grain RiceUSA270130120TR5.9
242774Rice (non-Basmati)Long Grain RiceUSA272138136TR6.2
720003Rice (non-Basmati)Extra Long GrainUSA277120127TR5.4
720009Rice (non-Basmati)Long Grain Brown WholeUSA28120297TR9.1
720006Rice (non-Basmati)Long Grain Brown RiceND28222649TR10.2
720122Rice (non-Basmati)Whole Grain Brown RiceUSA288148174TR6.6
70139Rice (non-Basmati)Long Grain WhiteUSA292128156TR5.8
720010Rice (non-Basmati)Extra Long GrainUSA295178143TR8.0
70137Rice (non-Basmati)Extra Long GrainUSA300147166TR6.6
721864ARice (non-Basmati)Long Grain Brown Rice Extra FancyUSA30220999TR9.4
721877Rice (non-Basmati)Extra Long GrainUSA307152146TR6.8
720125Rice (non-Basmati)Brown Rice Whole GrainUSA313183174TR8.2
719998Rice (non-Basmati)Extra Long Grain RiceUSA322130147TR5.9
719999Rice (non-Basmati)Brown Natural Whole GrainUSA33318691TR8.4
70134Rice (non-Basmati)Whole Grain BrownUSA335177111TR8.0
720007Rice (non-Basmati)Medium Grain USA336138216TR6.2
719997Rice (non-Basmati)Long Grain RiceUSA338137171TR6.2
70136Rice (non-Basmati)Long Grain Brown RiceUSA34023199TR10.4
242777Rice (non-Basmati)Long Grain RiceND344152193TR6.8
720121Rice (non-Basmati)Whole Grain Brown RiceUSA345230147TR10.4
492958Rice (non-Basmati)Whole Grain, Long GrainUSA349196137TR8.8
720120Rice (non-Basmati)Whole Grain Brown RiceUSA351210183TR9.4
492960Rice (non-Basmati)Enriched Parboiled Long GrainUSA362165188TR7.4
70138Rice (non-Basmati)Long GrainUSA363166200TR7.4
720001Rice (non-Basmati)Long Grain Natural Brown RiceUSA36523394TR10.5
720123Rice (non-Basmati)Whole Grain Brown RiceUSA367175234TR7.9
492962Rice (non-Basmati)Brown Rice Natural Long GrainND373168144TR7.6
70135Rice (non-Basmati)Brown Natural Whole GrainUSA400247135TR11.1
492959Rice (non-Basmati)Enriched Extra Long GrainUSA476144315TR6.5
720124Rice (non-Basmati)Xtra Long Grain RiceUSA559157491TR7.1
728648Basmati RiceFully CookedIndiaTRNSeNSNSNCf
720113Basmati RicePure Basmati RiceIndia46.5TRTR0NC
720015Basmati RiceBasmati RiceIndia51.241TR01.8
721854BBasmati RiceWhite BasmatiUSA53.427TR01.2
720011Basmati RiceBasmati RiceIndia57.4472402.1
720022Basmati Rice Pure Basmati RiceIndia70.648TR02.2
720117ABasmati RiceBasmati RiceIndia71.4412101.8
70140Basmati RiceBasmati RiceND71.9542902.4
70141Basmati RiceBasmati RiceND75.4502402.3
720111Basmati RiceBasmati RiceIndia76.85326TR2.4
720012Basmati RiceWhite BasmatiUSA77.7504102.3
721864BBasmati RiceIndian Basmati WhiteIndia79.2653002.9
721875Basmati RiceBoil-in-BagIndia79.8522402.3
721865RBasmati RiceIndian Basmati AgedIndia80.6422101.9
728649Basmati RiceAged  India80.7692403.1
721863BBasmati RiceShort Grain WhiteUSA80.95245TR2.3
720021Basmati RiceBasmati RiceIndia81.1462402.1
728650Basmati RiceBasmati RiceIndia81.3472502.1
728645Basmati RiceWhite Basmati RiceIndia8273TR03.3
728652Basmati RiceBoil-in-BagIndia83.4462502.1
492964Basmati RiceBasmati White, Boil-in-bagIndia84.4502402.3
720013Basmati RiceCalifornia BrownUSA84.4872203.9
720127Basmati RiceBasmati RiceIndia85.5552502.5
720129Basmati RiceBasmati RiceIndia85.8472402.1
242778Basmati RiceOrganic Brown BasmatiUSA85.966TR03.0
492966Basmati RiceAged MilledIndia87.665TR02.9
721858BBasmati RiceWhite Basmati RiceIndia89.0862203.9
728653Basmati RiceWhite Basmati RiceIndia98.677TR03.5
720126Basmati RiceCalifornia White OrganicUSA98.7503902.3
720114Basmati RiceOrganic White BasmatiUSA99.4524402.3
720109ABasmati RiceOrganic White BasmatiUSA101524302.3
720128Basmati RiceBasmati RiceIndia101542502.4
720109BBasmati RiceOrganic White BasmatiUSA103564602.5
728646Basmati RiceQuick-Cook Organic Brown, parboiledIndia106823003.7
728644Basmati RiceOrganic India109894204.0
721863ABasmati RiceImported AgedIndia121722603.2
720020Basmati RiceBasmati RiceIndia12582TR03.7
728647Basmati RiceBrown Basmati RiceIndia1281242605.6
720016Basmati RiceBrown India1341342206.0
721855BBasmati RiceBrown Basmati RiceIndia136127TR05.7
721857BBasmati RiceOrganic White Basmati RiceIndia149865003.9
728654Basmati RiceBrown Basmati RiceIndia155118TR05.3
720112Basmati RiceOrganic Brown BasmatiUSA16110542TR4.7
721867Basmati RiceOrganic AgedIndia163865903.9
720130Basmati RiceCalifornia Brown USA178926104.1
720018Basmati RiceBasmati RiceIndia2281447206.5
728651Basmati RiceWhole Grain Organic MicrowaveIndia229NSNSNSNC
721867BBasmati RiceBrownUSA296199132TR9.0
720110Basmati RiceBasmati Brown RiceUSA307200104TR9.0
720014Basmati RiceOrganic Long Grain Brown BasmatiUSA448146324TR6.6
720019Basmati RiceBasmati RiceUSA483107347TR4.8
721866Basmati RiceOrganic White BasmatiND526105382TR4.7
242771Rice CerealRice CerealNRg79.0583201.7
719988Rice CerealRice Squares, Crispy Toasted Gluten FreeNR103633001.9
719986Rice CerealCream of RiceNR109643702.6
721862BRice CerealWhole Grain Puffed Rice, whole grain brown riceNR1101023001.5
70147Rice CerealCrispy Rice Gluten Free Whole Grain BrownNR115973102.9
70146Rice CerealCrispy Rice Gluten Free Whole Grain BrownNR1171063103.2
721859BRice CerealOrganic PuffsNR1221034201.5
725131Rice CerealCrispy Rice Gluten-free Whole Grain Brown RiceNR1241053103.2
242775Rice CerealWhole Grain Puffed Rice, whole grain brown riceNR1301062601.6
492957Rice CerealCrispy Brown Rice OrganicNR1321082503.2
721859Rice CerealCrispy Brown Rice Gluten Free OrganicNR1371132503.4
70142Rice CerealCrispy Rice ToastedNR1411076603.2
719987Rice CerealPuffed Brown RiceNR1441273601.9
719990Rice CerealFruity Dyno-BitesNR148765402.3
719984Rice CerealCrispy RiceNR1631294303.9
242770Rice CerealRice CerealNR1681255303.8
719989Rice CerealCrispy RiceNR1951289303.8
70143Rice CerealCrispy Rice ToastedNR20712996TR3.9
721869BRice CerealCrisp Rice ToastedNR21713899TR4.1
70149Rice CerealCrispy Rice ToastedNR22213111503.9
70145Rice CerealOrganic Whole Grain Rice Cereal (infant)NR25221562TR3.2
725132Rice CerealRice Chex Gluten-freeNR265143147TR4.3
720341Rice CerealOrganic Whole Grain Rice Cereal (infant)NR26519653TR2.9
719985Rice CerealCrispy Toasted RiceNR270129123TR3.9
719983Rice CerealRice Single Grain (infant)NR282131133TR2.0
725134Rice CerealCrispy Rice ToastedNR286119107TR3.6
721874Rice CerealCrispy Rice ToastedNR30813917404.2
719982Rice CerealHoney Rice Gluten FreeNR314135176TR4.1
70144Rice CerealOrganic Brown Rice CrispsNR36823890TR7.1
720342Rice CerealOrganic Brown Rice CrispsNR38024299TR7.3
719981Rice CerealGluten Free Cream of Brown RiceNR402243152TR9.7
725133Rice CerealPuffed RiceNR723118493TR1.8
728639Rice CakesBrown Lightly SaltedNR104104TR03.1
721871Rice CakesWild Organic Gluten-free Vegan Lightly SaltedNR1291003603.0
728640Rice CakesOrganic BrownNR1301063803.2
721878Rice CakesOrganic BrownNR1491043703.1
721858Rice CakesBrown Rice Organic Salt-freeNR1591273603.8
720119Rice CakesCaramel Corn Gluten-freeNR17410268TR3.1
721862ARice CakesBrown Salt FreeNR1771593404.8
719991Rice CakesBrown Rice Organic Salt-freeNR1821245203.7
242776Rice CakesBrown Rice Whole Grain Lightly SaltedNR1961553204.7
719994Rice CakesOrganic UnsaltedNR19810196TR3.0
719993Rice CakesOrganic UnsaltedNR20199106TR3.0
720117BRice CakesButter Popped CornNR22518689TR5.6
721876Rice CakesLightly SaltedNR24615383TR4.6
70132Rice CakesSalt FreeNR25521080TR6.3
721865BRice CakesSalt FreeNR25618682TR5.6
728642Rice CakesSalt FreeNR25720471TR6.1
725135Rice CakesPlain Salt Free Whole Grain BrownNR26022069TR6.6
719997BRice CakesApple CinnamonNR263171127TR5.1
728641Rice CakesPlain Salt Free Whole Grain BrownNR27021678TR6.5
721865Rice CakesSalt Free, whole grain brown riceNR28422773TR6.8
719996Rice CakesLightly SaltedNR288205108TR6.2
720118Rice CakesApple CinnamonNR295166126TR5.0
719995Rice CakesLow SodiumNR30523990TR7.2
720116Rice CakesButter Popped CornNR314132175TR4.0
70133Rice CakesSalt FreeNR315208130TR6.2
70131Rice CakesSalt FreeNR331209126TR6.3
728643Rice CakesSalted Plain Gluten FreeNR496253250TR7.6
719992Rice CakesLightly SaltedNR534255274TR7.7
725136Rice CakesSodium Free Plain Gluten FreeNR606273368TR8.2
720115ARice CakesSalt FreeNR613272354TR8.2
720115BRice CakesSalt FreeNR617266345TR8.0
242773Rice CakesSalt FreeNR620265338TR8.0
720337Rice BeverageOrganic Unsweetened Rice Beverage2NR5.74NSNSNSNC
721861 BRice BeverageOrganic Unsweetened Rice BeverageNR6.00NSNSNSNC
719978Rice BeverageOrganicNR7.89NSNSNSNC
70153Rice BeverageRicemilk VanillaNR9.53NSNSNSNC
720333Rice BeverageEnriched Rice BeverageNR10.0NSNSNSNC
721870Rice BeverageRice Beverage  NR10.4NSNSNSNC
720336Rice BeverageOrganic Whole Grain Rice BeverageNR11.3NSNSNSNC
720340Rice BeverageLower Fat Plain Rice BeverageNR12.8NSNSNSNC
720338Rice BeverageOrganic Rice Beverage NR15.1NSNSNSNC
720339Rice BeverageEnriched Rice BeverageNR15.2NSNSNSNC
70148Rice BeverageOrganic Vanilla Rice BeverageNR17.1NSNSNSNC
70154Rice BeverageOriginal Rice BeverageNR17.2NSNSNSNC
70155Rice BeverageOriginal Rice BeverageNR17.2NSNSNSNC
70151Rice BeverageRice Beverage OriginalNR17.4NSNSNSNC
70152Rice BeverageRice Beverage OriginalNR17.4NSNSNSNC
70156Rice BeverageRice Beverage OriginalNR18.4NSNSNSNC
70150Rice BeverageVanilla Rice BeverageNR18.9NSNSNSNC
719980Rice BeverageOrganicNR25.9162703.8
721860ARice BeverageRice Beverage PlainNR25.9TRTR0NC
719979Rice BeverageOrganicNR26.0TR120NC
721861Rice BeverageRice Drink Original ClassicNR27.5TR140NC
721855Rice BeverageRice Drink Original EnrichedNR31.3TR150NC
719977Rice BeverageOrganicNR31.5TR150NC
721854ARice BeverageRice Drink Organic OriginalNR36.81423TR3.4
720334Rice BeverageOrganicNR39.5TR250NC
720335Rice BeverageOrganicNR57.1TR370NC
242772Rice BeverageOrganicNR58.6TR39TRNC
719976Rice BeverageOrganicNR59.0174004.1

NOTES: 

Sample results based on dry weight with the exception of rice beverage samples.

1ppb = parts per billion (microgram/kilogram)

2Some rice beverages have been marketed as “ricemilk,” a product name consumers could see in supermarkets and consumer materials. However, FDA’s regulations do not contain provisions for the use of the term "ricemilk." Therefore, in this document, the term “rice beverage” includes products that may be marketed as "ricemilk."

aND = Not Determined. FDA is attempting to determine the country of origin.

bTR = Trace. Result is between the detection limit and quantitation limit (see table below).

cServing size based on Reference Amount Customarily Consumed (RACC) per 21CFR 101.12 for each product category: 

  • Grains (e.g., rice) - 45 g (dry) - about 1 cup cooked rice (general population)

  • Breakfast cereal (e.g. rice cereal) – 30 g – about 1 cup (general population)
    Note: RACCs for dry infant cereal, ready-to-eat breakfast cereals, and uncooked hot cereal range from 15-40 g depending on density and intended consumer (i.e., infant). An average serving size of 30 g was used for all cereal samples except the infant cereals which used a value of 15 g to calculate the mcg inorganic arsenic/serving.

  • Snacks, all varieties, chips, pretzels, popcorns, extruded snack, et al (e.g., rice cakes) - 30 g - about 2 cakes (10-15 gm/cake)
    Note: rice cakes are mostly a puffed rice product, and serving size for larger rice cakes is typically labeled as 1 cake (10-15 g/cake). Mcg of inorganic arsenic/serving for rice cakes was calculated using the RACC for snacks (30 g) which results in a higher calculated amount of mcg inorganic arsenic/serving than using the labeled serving size. (general population) 

  • Beverages (e.g. rice beverage) - 240 ml (an assumption was made that 1 ml = 1 g for purposes of calculating inorganic arsenic per serving) - about 1 cup (general population)

d"Wild rice" is not actual rice. Wild rice comes from an aquatic annual grass (Zizania aquatic) bearing edible grain. 

eNS = Not Speciated - Sample 728648 not speciated because total arsenic value was less than quantitation limit. Sample 728651 not speciated because sample was moldy. Speciation not performed on noted rice beverage samples because total arsenic results were below the threshold level to require speciation.

fNC = Not Calculated. Value of mcg/serving not calculated either because speciation not performed (no inorganic arsenic value determined) or because the amount of inorganic arsenic in the sample was reported as "Trace" (between the detection limit and the quantitation limit).

gNR = Not Recorded - country of origin for processed products would not necessarily reflect the country of origin for the rice in the product.

Limit of Detection (LOD) and Limit of Quantitation (LOQ) - in ppb 
Note - actual limits may vary depending on the analytical portion used in the analysis. For inorganic arsenic (sum of AsIII and AsV), the limits are the sum of the individual species.

 RiceBasmati RiceRice CerealRice CakesRice Beverage

LOD – Total Arsenic 

4.0 4.04.04.00.4

LOQ – Total Arsenic 

40 4040404.0

LOD – AsIII,
AsV, MMA, DMA
 

2.5 2.52.53.81.3

LOQ – AsIII,
AsV, MMA, DMA
 

20 20203010