Food

Total Diet Study - References

CFSAN/Office of Analytics and Outreach

April 2001; Updated July 2008

  • Capar, S.G., and Cunningham, W.C. (2000). Element and Radionuclide Concentrations in Food: FDA Total Diet Study 1991-1996, J. AOAC Int. 83(1), 157-177.
  • Cunningham, W.C., Stroube, W.B., and Baratta, E.J. (1989). Radionuclides in Domestic and Imported Foods in the United States, 1983-86. J. Assoc. Off. Anal. Chem. 72:15-18.
  • Cunningham, W.C., Anderson, D.L., and Baratta, E.J. (1994). Radionuclides in Domestic and Imported Foods in the United States, 1987-92. J. AOAC Int. 77(6):1422-1427.
  • Egan, S.K. (2002). FDA's Total Diet Study: Monitoring U.S. Food Supply Safety. Food Safety Magazine. June-July:10-15.
  • Egan, S.K., Tao, S.S-H., Pennington, J.A.T., and Bolger, P.M. (2002). U.S. Food and Drug Administration's Total Diet Study: Intake of Nutritional and Toxic Elements, 1991-96. Food Addit. Contam. 19(2):103-125.
  • Egan, S.K., Bolger, P.M. and Carrington, C.D. (2007). Update of the US FDA's Total Diet Study Food List and Diets. JESEE 2007(17):573-582.
  • Food and Drug Administration Pesticide Program Residue Monitoring - 1993-2007.
  • Gunderson, E.L. (1988). FDA Total Diet Study, April 1982-April 1984, Dietary Intakes of Pesticides, Selected Elements, and Other Chemicals, J. Assoc. Off. Anal. Chem. 71, 1200-1209.
  • Gunderson, E.L. (1995a). Dietary Intake of Pesticides, Selected Elements, and Other Chemicals: FDA Total Diet Study, June 1984-April 1986. J. AOAC Int. 78(4): 910-921.
  • Gunderson, E.L. (1995b). Dietary Intake of Pesticides, Selected Elements, and Other Chemicals: FDA Total Diet Study, July 1986-April 1991. J. AOAC Int. 78(6):1353-1363.
  • Murray, C.W., Egan, S.K., Kim, H., Beru, N., and Bolger, P.M. (2008).  US Food and Drug Administration’s Total Diet Study: Dietary Intake of Perchlorate and Iodine. JESEE 18:571-580.
  • Pennington, J.A.T. (1981). Documentation for the Revised Total Diet Study: Food List and Diets. NTIS PB82-192154 (May 1981).
  • Pennington, J.A.T. (1983). Revision of the Total Diet Study food list and diets. JADA 82(2):166-173.
  • Pennington, J.A.T., and Gunderson, E.L. (1987). History of the Food and Drug Administration's Total Diet Study-1961 to 1987, J. Assoc. Off. Anal. Chem. 70, 772-782.
  • Pennington, J.A.T., Young, B.E. and Wilson, D.B. (1989). Nutritional Elements in U. S. Diets: Results from the Total Diet Study, 1982 to 1986. J. Am. Diet. Assoc. 89(5), 659-664.
  • Pennington, J.A.T. and Young, B. (1990a). Sodium, Potassium, Calcium, Phosphorus, and Magnesium in Foods from the United States Total Diet Study. J. Food Compos. Anal. 3, 145-165.
  • Pennington, J.A.T. and Young, B. (1990b). Iron, Zinc, Copper, Manganese, Selenium, and Iodine in Foods from the United States Total Diet Study. J. Food Compos. Anal. 3, 166-184.
  • Pennington, J.A.T. and Young, B. (1991). Total Diet Study Nutritional Elements, 1982-1989. J. Am. Diet. Assoc. 91(2), 179-183.
  • Pennington, J.A.T. (1992a). The 1990 Revision of the FDA Total Diet Study. J. of Nutr. Educ. 24(4):173-178.
  • Pennington, J.A.T. (1992b). Appendices for the 1990 Revision of the Food and Drug Administration's Total Diet Study, PB92-176239/AS, National Technical Information Service, Springfield, VA, USA
  • Pennington, J.A.T., and Schoen, S.A. (1995). Estimates of Dietary Exposure to Aluminium, Food Addit. Contam. 12(1), 119-128.
  • Pennington, J.A.T., Schoen, S.A., Salmon, G.D., Young, B., Johnson, R.D, and Marts R.W. (1995a). Composition of Core Foods of the U.S. Food Supply, 1982-1991. I. Sodium, Phosphorus, and Potassium. J. Food Comp. Anal. 8:91-128.
  • Pennington, J.A.T., Schoen, S.A., Salmon, G.D., Young, B., Johnson, R.D, and Marts R.W. (1995b). Composition of Core Foods of the U.S. Food Supply, 1982-1991. II. Calcium, Magnesium, Iron, and Zinc. J. Food Comp. Anal. 8:129-169.
  • Pennington, J.A.T., Schoen, S.A., Salmon, G.D., Young, B., Johnson, R.D, and Marts R.W. (1995c). Composition of Core Foods of the U.S. Food Supply, 1982-1991. III. Copper, Manganese, Selenium, and Iodine. J. Food Comp. Anal. 8:171-217.
  • Pennington, J.A.T., Capar, S.G., Parfitt, C.H., and Edwards, C.W. (1996). History of the Food and Drug Administration's Total Diet Study (Part II), 1987-1993, J. AOAC Int.  79(1), 163-170.
  • Pennington, J.A.T. (2000). Total Diet Studies - Experiences in the United States. Journal of Food Composition and Analysis 13: 539-544.
  • Tao, S.H. and P.M. Bolger (1999). Dietary Arsenic Intake in the United States: FDA Total Diet Study, September 1991- December 1996. Food Additives and Contaminants 16(11):465-472.
  • U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), Human Nutrition Information Service (1990). Nationwide Food Consumption Survey 1987-88, Individual Intake. [Data tapes]. NTIS No. PB90-504044.
  • USDA, Agricultural Research Service (2000). Continuing Survey of Food Intakes by Individuals 1994-96, 1998 [CD-ROM]. NTIS No. PB2000-50027.

This document was originally issued April 2001, and updated June 2003, September 2004, September 2005, August 2006, March 2007 and July 2008.

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