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Listeria monocytogenes Risk Assessment: Appendix 5: Food Categories Modeled Distributions and Related Information

FDA/Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition
USDA/Food Safety and Inspection Service
September 2003

(Also available in PDF)


1. Smoked Seafood Food Category

Consumption

Table A5.1.1. Foods Included in Consumption Data Set
Food CodeFood
26100190Fish, smoked
26119190Herring, smoked, kippered
26137190Salmon, smoked
26151190Trout, smoked
26315190Oysters, smoked
Source Survey: CSFII

Figure A5.1.1: Graph showing cumulative frequency distribution for serving size of Smoked Seafood.
Figure A5.1.1. Cumulative Distribution for the Serving Size

Table A5.1.2. Frequency Distribution for Amount Consumed per Serving
Percentile (grams per serving)
50th75th95th99th
5775136142

Contamination at Retail

Table A5.1.3. Foods Included in Contamination Level Data Set (see Appendix 7 for corresponding references)
Foods
Coalfish, smoked
Cod, smoked
Cold vacuum-packed, smoked
Fin fish, cold smoked
Fin fish, hot smoked
Finfish, hot/cold smoked
Fish, cold smoked
Fish, hot smoked
Halibut, cold, smoked
Halibut, smoked
Herring, smoked
Mussels, smoked
Mussels-frozen, smoked
Oysters, smoked
Salmon fresh, smoked
Salmon, cold smoked
Salmon, smoked
Seafood, smoked
Shad, smoked
Snapper, smoked
Sockeye, smoked
Sturgeon, smoked
Trout, smoked
Tuna, smoked

Post Retail Growth

Table A5.1.4. Foods Included in Post Retail Growth Data Set (see Appendix 8 for corresponding references)
Foods
Cod, cold smoked
Salmon, cold smoked
Salmon, smoked
Trout, hot smoked
Table A5.1.5. Consumer Storage Times Used in this Risk Assessment (days)
MinimumModeMaximum
0.53 to 515 to 30

Figure A5.1.2: Graph showing cumulative frequency distribution for EGR at 5°C for Smoked Seafood.
Figure A5.1.2. Cumulative Distribution for the Exponential Reference Growth Rate (EGR) at 5°C

Table A5.1.6. Models Used to Characterize the Cumulative Distribution for Exponential Growth Rates
ModelParameter 1Parameter 2Parameter 3Parameter 4RSQProbability
Lognormal-2.033250.389008  0.0180.40
Gamma6.910.020056  0.0200.31
Beta3.74277610550.120.03465298.22890.0190.16
Triangular0.05190.09300.269635 0.0260.13

See Appendix 6: Software for a description of the common names used for the parameters for these statistical distributions (models).

Table A5.1.7. Mean, Standard Deviation and Number of Samples (N) for Exponential Growth Rate (EGR) at 5°C
Mean (log10 cfu/g/day)Std. Dev.N
0.1500.9627
Table A5.1.8. Maximum Growth at Various Temperatures
Temperature (°C)<55-7>7
Maximum Growth
(log 10 cfu/g)
56.58

2. Raw Seafood Food Category

Consumption

Table A5.2.1. Foods Included in Consumption Data Set
Food CodeFood
26115000Flounder, raw
26131100Pompano, raw
26153100Tuna, fresh, raw
26211100Roe, sturgeon
26213100Squid, raw
26315100Oysters, raw
58151130Sushi, with vegetables and fish
Source Survey: NHANES III

Figure A5.2.1: Graph showing cumulative frequency distribution for serving size of Raw Seafood.
Figure A5.2.1. Cumulative Distribution for the Serving Size

Table A5.2.2. Frequency Distribution for Amount Consumed per Serving
Percentile (grams per serving)
50th75th95th99th
162877136

Contamination at Retail

Table A5.2.3. Foods Included in Contamination Level Data Set (see Appendix 7 for corresponding references)
Foods
Anchovy
Blue crab meat
Bombay Duck-fish
Butterfish
Catfish, fresha
Clam, fresh
Clam, raw
Coalfish fillet
Cod
Cod Fillet
Coquina, fresh
Craba
Crabmeat/scallopsa
Crustacean/shellfish
Cut raw salmon
Doma-local fish
Fin fish & non-fin fish
Fin fish, fresh
Fin fish, frozen
Fin fish, minced
Fin fish/shellfish
Finfish, aquaculture
Finfish, raw
Finfish, tropical
Fish
Fish & fish parts
Fish & fish products
Fish & non-fish, local frozen and refrigerated
Fish cakes, fingersa
Fish, fresh
Fish, frozen
Fish, other
Fish, raw
Fish, salt, sushi
Fish, sushi
Frozen herring
Golden anchovy
Hake, raw
Halibut
Indian salmon
Lobster tail, frozena
Mackerel
Mollusks, bivalve, mussels
Mussels, depurated
Mussels, fresh
Mussels, predepuration
Non-oyster shellfish
Ocean cats fillets
Other
Oysters, fresh
Oysters, frozen
Oysters, live
Oysters, raw
Oysters, uncooked
Perch
Plaice/raw food
Pom fret
Prawn, raw, 'sushi'
Rainbow trout
Raw fish & shrimp
Raw halibut
Raw octopus, squid, trepang
Raw salmon (fillets) surfaces
Raw salmon (whole) surfaces
Raw salmon surfaces
Raw seafood
Raw surimi
Ready-to-eat seafood
Rock fish
Roe
Sable
Salmon
Salmon, raw
Salmon/raw seafood
Sardine/raw seafood
Scallops, rawa
Scallops, frozena
Shellfish/raw
Shell fish
Shellfish, raw
Shellfish, tropical
Shrimpa
Shrimp rawa
Shrimp, frozena
Shrimp, live
Shrimp, raw
Shrimp, raw, fresh
Shrimp, raw, frozena
Shrimp, retail
Shrimp, raw/processa
Shrimp-imported frozen
Snapper
Sole
Sole, raw
Squid, langostinos, frozen
Surimi and minced seafood
Squirmy, craba
Surimi, etc
Surimi, frozena
Sushi-with and without rice
Thread fin
Trout, fresh
Trout/raw seafood
Tuna
Tuna, minced, sushi
Turbot fillets
a These foods are not generally eaten raw, but contamination
data for these foods are likely to reflect contamination levels
in seafoods that are consumed raw.

Post Retail Growth

Table A5.2.4. Foods Included in Post Retail Growth Data Set (see Appendix 8 for corresponding references)
Foods
Catfish, raw
Crab, raw
Fin fish, raw
Oysters, raw
Shrimp, raw
Surimi
Trout, raw
Whitefish, raw
Table A5.2.5. Consumer Storage Times Used in this Risk Assessment (days)
MinimumModeMaximum
0.51 to 210 to 20

Figure A5.2.2: Graph showing cumulative frequency distribution for EGR at 5°C for Raw Seafood.
Figure A5.2.2. Cumulative Distribution for the Reference Exponential Growth Rates (EGR) at 5°C

Table A5.2.6. Models Used to Characterize the Cumulative Distribution for Exponential Growth Rates
ModelParameter 1Parameter 2RSQProbability
Logistic.139.06060.0070.37
Normal0.1396240.1029760.0100.26
Rectangular-0.019530.2905510.0200.22
Gamma2.440.0648560.0130.16

See Appendix 6: Software for a description of the common names used for the parameters for these statistical distributions (models).

Table A5.2.7. Mean, Standard Deviation and Number of Samples (N) for Exponential Growth Rate (EGR) at 5°C
Mean (log10 cfu/g/day)Std. Dev.N
0.1520.1265
Table A5.2.8. Maximum Growth at Various Temperatures
Temperature (°C)<55-7>7
Maximum Growth
(log 10 cfu/g)
56.58

3. Preserved Fish Food Category

Consumption

Table A5.3.1. Foods Included in Consumption Data Set
Food CodeFood
26100170Fish, not specified as to type, dried
26109180Cod, dried, salted, salt removed in water
26119180Herring, pickled
27151030Marinated fish (Ceviche)
Source Survey: NHANES III

Figure A5.3.1: Graph showing cumulative frequency distribution for serving size of Preserved Fish.
Figure A5.3.1. Cumulative Distribution for the the Serving Size

Table A5.3.2 Frequency Distribution of Amount Consumed per Serving
Percentile (grams per serving)
50th75th95th99th
70125130250

Contamination at Retail

Table A5.3.3. Foods Included in Contamination Level Data Set (see Appendix 7 for corresponding references)
Foods
Anchovy, dried
Brined shrimp
Ceviche
Cooked fish & fish products
Dried fish 'Bombay Duck'
Dried shrimp, squid & mussels
Dried squid & mussels
Dried squid, salmon, shishamo smelt
Fermented seafood
Fermented sushi flatfish
Fermented sushi sandfish
Fin fish, pickled
Fish, dried, salted
Fish, gravad
Fish, preserved
Fish, processed
Gravad
Haddock, dried
Mackerel, dried
Salted clams
Salted salmon
Seasoned anchovies
Shrimp, dried
Trout, gravad

Post Retail Growth

Table A5.3.4. Foods Included in Post Retail Growth Data Set
Not applicable; no growth.
Table A5.3.5. Consumer Storage Times Used in this Risk Assessment (days)
Not applicable; no growth

Not applicable; no growth

Figure A5.3.2. Cumulative Distribution for the Reference Exponential Growth Rates (EGR) at 5°C

Table A5.3.6. Models Used to Characterize the Cumulative Distribution for Exponential Growth Rates
Not applicable; no growth
Table A5.3.7. Mean, Standard Deviation and Number of Samples (N) for Exponential Growth Rate (EGR) at 5°C
Not applicable; no growth
Table A5.3.8. Maximum Growth at Various Temperatures
Maximum growth = 108 cfu/g

4. Cooked Ready-to-Eat Crustaceans Food Category

Consumption

Table A5.4.1. Foods Included in Consumption Data Set
Food CodeFood
26305160Crab, hard shell, steamed
26319130Shrimp, steamed or boiled
27150110Shrimp cocktail (shrimp with cocktail sauce)
Source Survey: CSFII

Figure A5.4.1: Graph showing cumulative frequency distribution for serving size of Cooked Ready-to-Eat Crustaceans.
Figure A5.4.1. Cumulative Distribution for the Serving Size

Table A5.4.2. Frequency Distribution of Amount Consumed per Serving
Percentile (grams per serving)
50th75th95th99th
5096256345

Contamination at Retail

Table A5.4.3. Foods Included in Contamination Level Data Set (see Appendix 7 for corresponding references)
Foods
Crab
Crab, cooked
Imitation crab
Mussels, shelled cooked
Seafood, boiled
Shellfish, cooked
Shrimp, cooked
Shrimp, cooked, frozen
Shrimp, cooked/processed
Shrimp, wholesale

Post Retail Growth

Table A5.4.4. Foods Included in Post Retail Growth Data Set (see Appendix 8 for corresponding references)
Food
Crab, cooked
Crabmeat, pasteurized
Fish, smoked
Lobster, cooked
Shrimp, cooked
Table A5.4.5. Consumer Storage Times Used in this Risk Assessment (days)
MinimumModeMaximum
0.51 to 210 to 20

Figure A5.4.2: Graph showing cumulative frequency distribution for EGR at 5°C for Cooked Ready-to-Eat Crustaceans.
Figure A5.4.2. Cumulative Distribution for the Exponential Reference Growth Rate (EGR) at 5°C

Table A5.4.6. Models Used to Characterize the Cumulative Distribution for Exponential Growth Rates
ModelParameter 1Parameter 2RSQProbability
Rectangular0.2097770.5575560.0230.38
Lognormal-1.007260.2868490.0160.29
Gamma11.70.0324840.0180.21
Logistic.371.06890.0210.12

See Appendix 6: Software for a description of the common names used for the parameters for these statistical distributions (models).

Table A5.4.7. Mean, Standard Deviation and Number of Samples (N) for Exponential Growth Rate (EGR) at 5°C
Mean (log10 cfu/g/day)Std. Dev.N
0.3840.1103
Table A5.4.8. Maximum Growth at Various Temperatures
Temperature (°C)<55-7>7
Maximum Growth
(log 10 cfu/g)
56.58

5. Vegetables Food Category

Consumption

Table A5.5.1. Foods Included in Consumption Data Set
Food CodeFood
71905000Ripe plantain, raw
72101100Beet greens, raw
72113100Dandelion greens, raw
72116000Endive, chicory, escarole, or romaine lettuce, raw
72116140Caesar salad (with romaine)
72124100Radicchio, raw
72125100Spinach, raw
72130100Watercress, raw
72201100Broccoli, raw
73101010Carrots, raw
74101000Tomatoes, raw
74102000Tomatoes, green, raw
74402110Salsa, red, uncooked
75100250Raw vegetable, not further specified
75100300Sprouts, not further specified
75100500Alfalfa sprouts, raw
75100750Artichoke, Jerusalem, raw
75100800Asparagus, raw
75101000Bean sprouts, raw (soybean or mung)
75101800Beans, string, green, raw
75102500Beets, raw
75102750Brussels sprouts, raw
75103000Cabbage, green, raw
75104000Cabbage, Chinese, raw
75105000Cabbage, red, raw
75105500Cactus, raw
75107000Cauliflower, raw
75109000Celery, raw
75109500Chives, raw
75109550Cilantro, raw
75109600Corn, raw
75111000Cucumber, raw
75111200Eggplant, raw
75111500Garlic, raw
75111800Jicama, raw
75112500Leek, raw
75113000Lettuce, raw
75113060Lettuce, Boston, raw
75113080Lettuce, arugula, raw
75114000Mixed salad greens, raw
75115000Mushrooms, raw
75117010Onions, young green, raw
75117020Onions, mature, raw
75119000Parsley, raw
75120000Peas, green, raw
75121000Pepper, hot chili, raw
75121400Pepper, poblano, raw
75121500Pepper, Serrano, raw
75122000Pepper, raw, not further specified
75122100Pepper, sweet, green, raw
75122200Pepper, sweet, red, raw
75124000Pepper, banana, raw
75125000Radish, raw
75127500Seaweed, raw
75127750Snowpeas (pea pod), raw
75128000Squash, summer, yellow, raw
75128010Squash, summer, green, raw
75129000Turnip, raw
75143000Lettuce, salad with assorted vegetables including tomatoes and/or carrots, no dressing
75143050Lettuce, salad with assorted vegetables excluding tomatoes and carrots, no dressing
75143100Lettuce, salad with avocado, tomato, and/or carrots, with or without other vegetables, no dressing
75143200Lettuce, salad with cheese, tomato and/or carrots, with or without other vegetables, no dressing
75143300Lettuce, salad with egg, tomato, and/or carrots, with or without other vegetables, no dressing
75143350Lettuce salad with egg, cheese, tomato, and/or carrots, with or without other vegetables, no dressing
75147000Spinach salad, no dressing
Source Survey: CSFII

Vegetables

Figure A5.5.1: Graph showing cumulative frequency distribution for serving size of Vegetables.
Figure A5.5.1. Cumulative Distribution for the Serving Size

Table A5.5.2. Frequency Distribution of Amount Consumed per Serving
Percentile (grams per serving)
50th75th95th99th
2855123220

Contamination at Retail

Table A5.5.3. Foods Included in Contamination Level Data Set (see Appendix 7 for corresponding references)
Foods
Bagged precut leafy salad
Beet root
Broccoli
Cabbage
Cabbage salad
Carrot
Celery
Cilantro
Coleslaw mix
Coriander
Cucumber
Fennel
Fresh cut vegetables
Green beans
Green peppers
Individual salad ingredients (bean sprouts, cabbage, carrot, celery, cress, cucumber,
lettuce, mushroom, peppers, radish, spring onions, tomato, vegetables, watercress)
Jalapeno
Kelp
Kidney, Mung Bean
Kim chee
Laurel
Legumes
Lettuce
Math leaves-veg
Math roots
Mixed vegetable salad
Mushroom
Olive
Onion
Parsley
Pea
Potato
Prepacked mixed salads
Processed vegetables and salads
Radish
Radishes
Raw vegetables
Ready-to-eat salads
Salads, vegetable
Spinach
Spinach washed w/ sodium hypochlorite
Sprouts
Thyme
Tomato
Unprocessed vegetables
Vegetables, fresh
Watercress
Winter sweet
Yam

Post Retail Growth

Table A5.5.4. Foods Included in Post Retail Growth Data Set (see Appendix 8 for corresponding references)
Foods
Asparagus
Asparagus
Bean sprout
Broccoli
Cabbage, raw, shreds
Carrots, whole and shredded
Cauliflower
Endive, broad leaved
Endive, broad leaved
Endive, curly-leaved
Lettuce, butterhead
Lettuce, lamb's
Lettuce, shredded
Lettuce, whole
Lettuce, whole, ready to serve
Lettuce, whole, ready to serve, open
Lettuce, whole, ready to serve, sealed
Rutabaga
Salads, mixed
Tomatoes
Table A5.5.5. Consumer Storage Times Used in this Risk Assessment (days)
MinimumModeMaximum
0.53 to 48 to 12

Figure A5.5.2: Graph showing cumulative frequency distribution for EGR at 5°C for Vegetables.
Figure A5.5.2. Cumulative Distribution for the Exponential Growth Rate (EGR) at 5°C

Table A5.5.6. Models Used to Characterize the Cumulative Distribution for Exponential Growth Rates
ModelParameter 1Parameter 2Parameter 3RSQProbability
Rectangular-0.037370.138017 0.0690.60
Normal0.0498550.064067 0.0670.20
Triangular1.00E-04-4.40E-020.2074610.0680.19

See Appendix 6: Software for a description of the common names used for the parameters for these statistical distributions (models).

Table A5.5.7. Mean, Standard Deviation and Number of Samples (N) for Exponential Growth Rate (EGR) at 5°C
Mean (log10 cfu/g/day)Std. Dev.N
0.0720.11426
Table A5.5.8. Maximum Growth at Various Temperatures
Temperature (°C)<55-7>7
Maximum Growth
(log 10 cfu/g)
56.58

6. Fruits Food Category

Consumption

Table A5.6.1. Foods Included in Consumption Data Set
Food CodeFood
61101010Grapefruit, raw
61119010Orange, raw
61125000Tangelo, raw
61125010Tangerine, raw
62101000Fruit, dried, not further specified (assume uncooked)
62101050Fruit mixture, dried (mixture includes three or more of the following: apples, apricots, dates, papaya, peaches, pears)
62101100Apple, dried, uncooked
62101300Apple chips
62104100Apricot, dried, uncooked
62107200Banana chips
62110100Date
62113100Fig, dried, uncooked
62114050Mango, dried
62114110Papaya, dried
62120100Pineapple, dried
62121100Plum, rock salt, dried
62122100Prune, dried, uncooked
62125100Raisins
63100100Fruit, not specified as to type
63101000Apple, raw
63101150Applesauce with other fruits
63101420Apple, pickled
63103010Apricot, raw
63105010Avocado, raw
63107010Banana, raw
63107080Banana, red, ripe (guineo morado)
63109010Cantaloup (muskmelon), raw
63109700Carambola (starfruit), raw
63110010Cassaba melon, raw
63113010Cherries, sour, red, raw
63115010Cherries, sweet, raw (Queen Anne, Bing)
63115200Cherries, frozen
63119010Fig, raw
63123010Grapes, European type, adherent skin, raw
63123020Grapes, American type, slip skin, raw
63125010Guava, raw
63126500Kiwi fruit, raw
63127010Honeydew melon, raw
63127610Honeydew, frozen (balls)
63129010Mango, raw
63129020Mango, pickled
63131010Nectarine, raw
63133010Papaya, raw
63134010Passion fruit, raw
63135010Peach, raw
63135620Peach, frozen, unsweetened
63135630Peach, frozen, with sugar
63137010Pear, raw
63137050Pear, Japanese, raw
63139010Persimmon, raw
63141010Pineapple, raw
63143010Plum, raw
63145010Pomegranate, raw
63149010Watermelon, raw
63201010Blackberries, raw
63201600Blackberries, frozen
63203010Blueberries, raw
63203600Blueberries, frozen, unsweetened
63205010Boysenberries, raw
63219020Raspberries, red, raw
63219610Raspberries, frozen, unsweetened
63219620Raspberries, frozen, with sugar
63223020Strawberries, raw
63223030Strawberries, raw, with sugar
63223610Strawberries, frozen, unsweetened
63223620Strawberries, frozen, with sugar
63311000Fruit cocktail or mix (excluding citrus fruits), raw
63311050Fruit cocktail or mix (including citrus fruits), raw
63311080Fruit cocktail or mix, frozen
63320100Fruit salad, Puerto Rican style (Mixture includes bananas, papayas, oranges, grapefruit, etc.) (Ensalada de frutas tropicale)
Source Survey: CSFII

Figure A5.6.1: Graph showing cumulative frequency distribution for serving size of Fruits.
Figure A5.6.1. Cumulative Distribution for the Serving Size

Table A5.6.2. Frequency Distribution of Amount Consumed per Serving
Percentile (grams per serving)
50th75th95th99th
118138272570

Contamination at Retail

Table A5.6.3. Foods Included in Contamination Level Data Set (see Appendix 7 for corresponding references)
Foods
Apples
Blueberries
Cantaloupe
Fruit products
Fruit salad
Fruit, fresh
Fruit, product
Fruit-dried
Fruit-various
Melons
Pears
Pineapples
Watermelons

Post Retail Growth

Table A5.6.4. Foods Included in Post Retail Growth Data Set (see Appendix 8 for corresponding references)
Foods
Apple slices (fresh cut)
Orange, serum (juice)
Table A5.6.5. Consumer Storage Times Used in this Risk Assessment (days)
MinimumModeMaximum
0.53 to 48 to 12

Figure A5.6.2: Graph showing cumulative frequency distribution for EGR at 5°C for Fruits.
Figure A5.6.2. Cumulative Distribution for the Exponential Growth Rate (EGR) at 5°C

Table A5.6.6. Models Used to Characterize the Cumulative Distribution for Exponential Growth Rates
ModelParameter 1Parameter 2Parameter 3Parameter 4RSQProbability
Rectangular-0.031720.123324  0.0260.61
Beta0.2977990.339917-0.002640.103020.0200.17
Normal0.0452990.055485  0.0290.11
Logistic4.51 x 10-23.37 x 10-02  0.0290.10

See Appendix 6: Software for a description of the common names used for the parameters for these statistical distributions (models).

Table A5.6.7. Mean, Standard Deviation and Number of Samples (N) for Exponential Growth Rate (EGR) at 5°C
Mean (log10 cfu/g/day)Std. Dev.N
0.0460.475
Table A5.6.8. Maximum Growth at Various Temperatures
Temperature (°C)<55-7>7
Maximum Growth
(log 10 cfu/g)
56.58

7. Fresh Soft Cheese Food Category

Consumption

Table A5.7.1. Foods Included in Consumption Data Set
Food CodeFood
14133000Queso Fresco
Source Survey: CSFII

Fresh Soft (Unripened) Cheese
Figure A5.7.1: Graph showing cumulative frequency distribution for serving size of Fresh Soft (Unripened) Cheese.
Figure A5.7.1. Cumulative Distribution for the Serving Size

Table A5.7.2. Frequency Distribution of Amount Consumed per Serving
Percentile (grams per serving)
50th75th95th99th
3185246246

Contamination at Retail

Table A5.7.3. Foods Included in Contamination Level Data Set (see Appendix 7 for corresponding references)
Foods
Fresh cheese (fornaggio fresco)
Fresh cheese, cow and goat milk
Hispanic style cheese
Brazilian soft cheese eaten fresh
Panela
Panellá
Queso Fresco
Queso Fresco, Requesoy

Post Retail Growth

Table A5.7.4. Foods Included in Post Retail Growth Data Set (see Appendix 8 for corresponding references)
Foods
Queso Panella
Queso Blanco
Queso Fresco
Queso Ranchero
Table A5.7.5. Consumer Storage Times Used in this Risk Assessment (days)
MinimumModeMaximum
0.51 to 515 to 30

Figure A5.7.2: Graph showing cumulative frequency distribution for EGR at 5°C for Fresh Soft (Unripened) Cheese.
Figure A5.7.2. Cumulative Distribution for the Exponential Growth Rate (EGR) at 5°C

Table A5.7.6. Models Used to Characterize the Cumulative Distribution for Exponential Growth Rates
ModelParameter 1Parameter 2Parameter 3Parameter 4RSQProbability
Beta0.5114850.741846-0.08160.3235270.0480.83
Rectangular-0.156210.320609  0.0730.15
Normal0.0717990.161944  0.0770.02

See Appendix 6: Software for a description of the common names used for the parameters for these statistical distributions (models).

Table A5.7.7. Mean, Standard Deviation and Number of Samples (N) for Exponential Growth Rate (EGR) at 5°C
Mean (log10 cfu/g/day)Std. Dev.N
0.0820.13810
Table A5.7.8. Maximum Growth at Various Temperatures
Temperature (°C)<55-7>7
Maximum Growth
(log 10 cfu/g)
56.58

8. Soft Unripened Cheese Food Category

Consumption

Table A5.8.1. Foods Included in Consumption Data Set
Food CodeFood
14200100Cheese, cottage, not further specified
14201010Cheese, cottage, creamed, large or small curd
14201200Cottage cheese, farmer's
14201500Cheese, ricotta
14202010Cheese, cottage, with fruit
14203010Cheese, cottage, dry curd
14203020Cheese, cottage, salted, dry curd
14204010Cheese, cottage, lowfat (1-2% fat)
14204020Cheese, cottage, lowfat, with fruit
14204030Cheese, cottage, lowfat, with vegetables
14205010Cheese, cottage, low sodium
14206010Cheese, cottage, lowfat, low sodium
14301010Cheese, cream
14303010Cheese, cream, lowfat
Source Survey: CSFII

Soft Unripened Cheese

Figure A5.8.1: Graph showing cumulative frequency distribution for serving size of Soft Unripened Cheese.
Figure A5.8.1. Cumulative Distribution for the Serving Size

Table A5.8.2. Frequency Distribution of Amount Consumed per Serving
Percentile (grams per serving)
50th75th95th99th
29105226420

Contamination at Retail

Table A5.8.3. Foods Included in Contamination Level Data Set (see Appendix 7 for corresponding references)
Foods
Anari
Cheese, cottage
Cheese, unripened
Cottage cheese
Cream cheese
Crème Mexicana
Farmer cheese
Gournay
Halloumi
Port fresh cheese
Soft paste cheeses

Post Retail Growth

Table A5.8.4. Foods Included in Post Retail Growth Data Set (see Appendix 8 for corresponding references)
Foods
Cottage cheese
Cottage cheese (multiple brands)
Cream cheese
Ricotta (3 company brands)
Ricotta (whey cheese)
Teleme cheese
Table A5.8.5. Consumer Storage Times Used in this Risk Assessment (days)
MinimumModeMaximum
0.56 to 1015 to 45

Figure A5.8.2: Graph showing cumulative frequency distribution for EGR at 5°C for Soft Unripened Cheese.
Figure A5.8.2. Cumulative Distribution for the Exponential Reference Growth Rate (EGR) at 5°C

Table A5.8.6. Models Used to Characterize the Cumulative Distribution for Exponential Growth Rates
ModelParameter 1Parameter 2RSQProbability
Rectangular-0.094190.1818730.0280.60
Normal0.0437090.097620.0260.20
Logistic0.04360.05950.0260.20

See Appendix 6: Software for a description of the common names used for the parameters for these statistical distributions (models).

Table A5.8.7. Mean, Standard Deviation and Number of Samples (N) for Exponential Growth Rate (EGR) at 5°C
Mean (log10 cfu/g/day)Std. Dev.N
0.0900.28629
Table A5.8.8. Maximum Growth at Various Temperatures
Temperature (°C)<55-7>7
Maximum Growth
(log 10 cfu/g)
56.58

9. Soft Ripened Cheese Food Category

Consumption

Table A5.9.1. Foods Included in Consumption Data Set
Food CodeFood
14103010Cheese, Camembert
14103020Cheese, Brie
14104400Cheese, Feta
14107010Cheese, Mozzarella, not further specified
14107030Cheese, Mozzarella, part skim
14107040Cheese, Mozzarella, low sodium
14107060Cheese, Mozzarella, nonfat or fat free
Source Survey: CSFII

Soft Ripened Cheese

Figure A5.9.1: Graph showing cumulative frequency distribution for serving size of Soft Ripened Cheese.
Figure A5.9.1. Cumulative Distribution for the Serving Size

Table A5.9.2. Frequency Distribution of Amount Consumed per Serving
Percentile (grams per serving)
50th75th95th99th
284885168

Contamination at Retail

Table A5.9.3. Foods Included in Contamination Level Data Set (see Appendix 7 for corresponding references)
Foods
Brie
Brie/camembert
Brie/cheese, soft, short-ripened
Camambert
Cheese, white mold
Crescenza/cheese, soft, short-ripened
Feta cheese
Hartz mountain cheese Harzerkase
La Serena cheese, from raw ewes milk
Brazilian soft cheese eaten fresh
Mozzarella
Pyramid goat cheese
Soft, mold-ripened cheese
Soft mold ripened cheese
Taleggio

Post Retail Growth

Table A5.9.4. Foods Included in Post Retail Growth Data Set (see Appendix 8 for corresponding references)
Foods
Blue
Brie
Camembert
Feta
Mozzarella
Table A5.9.5. Consumer Storage Times Used in this Risk Assessment (days)
MinimumModeMaximum
0.56 to 1015 to 45

Figure A5.9.2: Graph showing cumulative frequency distribution for EGR at 5°C for Soft Ripened Cheese.
Figure A5.9.2. Cumulative Distribution for the Exponential Reference Growth Rate (EGR) at 5°C

Table A5.9.6. Models Used to Characterize the Cumulative Distribution for Exponential Growth Rates
ModelParameter 1Parameter 2Parameter 3RSQProbability
Rectangular-0.098550.109798 0.0530.52
Triangular-0.189.04590.1464520.0480.29
Normal0.0064160.077436 0.0510.19

See Appendix 6: Software for a description of the common names used for the parameters for these statistical distributions (models).

Table A5.9.7. Mean, Standard Deviation and Number of Samples (N) for Exponential Growth Rate (EGR) at 5°C
Mean (log10 cfu/g/day)Std. Dev.N
-0.0130.13317
Table A5.9.8. Maximum Growth at Various Temperatures
Temperature (°C)<55-7>7
Maximum Growth
(log 10 cfu/g)
56.58

10. Semi-soft Cheese Food Category

Consumption

Table A5.10.1. Foods Included in Consumption Data Set
Food CodeFood
14101010Cheese, blue or Roquefort
14102010Cheese, brick
14104600Cheese, fontina
14105010Cheese, gouda or edam
14106010Cheese, Limburger
14106200Cheese, Monterey
14106500Cheese, Monterey, lowfat
14107200Cheese, Muenster
14108400Cheese, provolone
14108410Cheese, provolone, reduced fat, reduced sodium
Source Survey: CSFII

Semi-soft Cheese

Figure A5.10.1: Graph showing cumulative frequency distribution for serving size of Semi-soft Cheese.
Figure A5.10.1. Cumulative Distribution for the Serving Size

Table A5.10.2. Frequency Distribution of Amount Consumed per Serving
Percentile (grams per serving)
50th75th95th99th
2857142227

Contamination at Retail

Table A5.10.3. Foods Included in Contamination Level Data Set (see Appendix 7 for corresponding references)
Foods
Blue veined soft cheese
Butter cheese
Edam
Gorgonzola
Gouda cheese
Havarti
Jack cheese
Limburger
Manchego
Monterey Jack cheese
Muenster
Pinna ricotta
Roquefort
Semi soft cheese
String
Swiss cheese

Post Retail Growth

Table A5.10.4. Foods Included in Post Retail Growth Data Set (see Appendix 8 for corresponding references)
Foods
Brick (surface ripened)
Emmenthaler, tilster
Gouda
Havarti
Limburger
Monterey Jack
Muenster
Provolone
String cheese
Trappist
Table A5.10.5. Consumer Storage Times Used in this Risk Assessment (days)
MinimumModeMaximum
0.56 to 1015 to 45

Figure A5.10.2: Graph showing cumulative frequency distribution for EGR at 5°C for Semi-soft Cheese.
Figure A5.10.2. Cumulative Distribution for the Exponential Reference Growth Rate (EGR) at 5°C


Table A5.10.6. Model Used to Characterize the Cumulative Distribution for Exponential Growth Rates
ModelParameter 1Parameter 2Parameter 3Parameter 4RSQProbability
Beta0.489794360.3561-0.070723.057490.0281.0

See Appendix 6: Software for a description of the common names used for the parameters for these statistical distributions (models).

Table A5.10.7. Mean, Standard Deviation and Number of Samples (N) for Exponential Growth Rate (EGR) at 5°C
Mean (log10 cfu/g/day)Std. Dev.N
-0.0430.03210
Table A5.10.8. Maximum Growth at Various Temperatures
Temperature (°C)<55-7>7
Maximum Growth
(log 10 cfu/g)
56.58

11. Hard Cheese Food Category

Consumption

Table A5.11.1. Foods Included in Consumption Data Set
Food CodeFood
14104010Cheese, natural, Cheddar or American type
14104020Cheese, Cheddar or American type, dry, grated
14104200Cheese, Colby
14104250Cheese, Colby Jack
14105200Cheese, Gruyere
14108010Cheese, Parmesan, dry grated
14108020Cheese, Parmesan, hard
14108050Cheese, Parmesan, low sodium
14108060Parmesan cheese topping, fat free
14109010Cheese, Swiss
14109020Cheese, Swiss, low sodium
14109030Cheese, Swiss, lowfat
14110010Cheese, Cheddar or Colby, low sodium
14110020Cheese, Cheddar or Colby, low sodium, lowfat
14110030Cheese, Cheddar or Colby, lowfat
14131000Queso Anejo (aged Mexican cheese)
14131500Queso Asadero
14132000Queso Chihuahua
Source Survey: CSFII

Hard Cheese

Figure A511.1: Graph showing cumulative frequency distribution for serving size of Hard Cheese.
Figure A5.11.1. Cumulative Distribution for the Serving Size


Table A5.11.2. Frequency Distribution of Amount Consumed per Serving
Percentile (grams per serving)
50th75th95th99th
283885122

Contamination at Retail

Table A5.11.3. Foods Included in Contamination Level Data Set (see Appendix 7 for corresponding references)
Foods
Cacique Asadero
Cheddar
Cheese, hard
Chihuahua
Colby Jack cheese
Gjestost
Parmesan
Provolone
Quesco Cotija
Queso Anejo

Post Retail Growth

Table A5.11.4. Foods Included in Post Retail Growth Data Set (see Appendix 8 for corresponding references)
Foods
Cheddar
Cheddar, cracker barrel
Cheddar, mild
Cheddar, sharp
Colby
Emmenthaler, gruyere
Parmesan
Stilton cheese
Swiss
Table A5.11.5. Consumer Storage Times Used in this Risk Assessment (days)
MinimumModeMaximum
0.56 to 1090 to 180

 

Figure A5.11.2: Graph showing cumulative frequency distribution for EGR at 5°C for Hard Cheese.
Figure A5.11.2. Cumulative Distribution for the Exponential Reference Growth Rate (EGR) at 5°C

Table A5.11.6. Models Used to Characterize the Cumulative Distribution for Exponential Growth Rates
ModelParameter 1Parameter 2Parameter 3Parameter 4RSQProbability
Triangular-0.0788-0.07730.032607 0.0350.77
Rectangular-0.088470.002697  0.0540.17
Beta5455.2062166.964-4.331721.6586750.0470.06

See Appendix 6: Software for a description of the common names used for the parameters for these statistical distributions (models).

Table A5.11.7. Mean, Standard Deviation and Number of Samples (N) for Exponential Growth Rate (EGR) at 5°C
Mean (log10 cfu/g/day)Std. Dev.N
-0.0530.06511
Table A5.11.8. Maximum Growth at Various Temperatures
Temperature (°C)<55-7>7
Maximum Growth
(log 10 cfu/g)
56.58

12. Processed Cheese Food Category

Consumption

Table A5.12.1. Foods Included in Consumption Data Set
Food CodeFood
14410100Cheese, processed, American and Swiss blends
14410200Cheese, processed, American or Cheddar type
14410210Cheese, processed, American or Cheddar type, low sodium
14410300Cheese, processed, American or Cheddar type, lowfat
14410310Cheese, processed, American, Cheddar, or Colby, lowfat, low sodium
14410330Cheese, processed cheese product, American or Cheddar type, reduced fat
14410340Cheese, processed cheese product, American or Cheddar type, reduced fat, reduced sodium
14410350Cheese, processed, American or Cheddar type, nonfat or fat free
14410380Cheese, processed cream cheese product, nonfat or fat free
14410400Cheese, processed, Swiss
14410410Cheese, processed, Swiss, low sodium
14410420Cheese, processed, Swiss, lowfat
14410440Cheese, processed, Swiss, lowfat, low sodium
14410450Cheese, processed cheese product, Swiss, reduced fat
14410500Cheese, processed cheese food
14410600Cheese, processed, with vegetables
14410710Cheese, processed, Mozzarella, low sodium
14420000Cheese spread, not further specified
14420100Cheese spread, American or Cheddar cheese base
14420140Cheese spread, American or Cheddar cheese base, lowfat, low sodium
14420160Cheese spread, Swiss cheese base
14420200Cheese spread, cream cheese or Neufchatel base
14650100Cheese sauce
Source Survey: CSFII

Processed Cheese

Figure A5.12.1: Graph showing cumulative frequency distribution for serving size of Processed Cheese.
Figure A5.12.1. Cumulative Distribution for the Serving Size

Table A5.12.2. Frequency Distribution of Amount Consumed per Serving
Percentile (grams per serving)
50th75th95th99th
214284130

Contamination at Retail

Table A5.12.3. Foods Included in Contamination Level Data Set (see Appendix 7 for corresponding references)
Foods
Cheese, pasteurized and processed
Cheese and spreads
Cheese, processed
Cheese, Schnittkase-sliced

Post Retail Growth

Table A5.12.4. Foods Included in Post Retail Growth Data Set (see Appendix 8 for corresponding references)
Foods
American process cheese
American process cheese with sorbate and citrate
Piedmont process cheese
Cold pack cheese
Non-acid pasteurized process cheese
Table A5.12.5. Consumer Storage Times Used in this Risk Assessment (days)
MinimumModeMaximum
0.56 to 1045 to 90

Figure A5.12.2: Graph showing cumulative frequency distribution for EGR at 5°C for Processed Cheese.
Figure A5.12.2. Cumulative Distribution for the Exponential Reference Growth Rate (EGR) at 5°C

Table A5.12.6. Models Used to Characterize the Cumulative Distribution for Exponential Growth Rates
ModelParameter 1Parameter 2Parameter 3RSQProbability
Rectangular-0.07610.012525 0.0330.73
Triangular-0.1200.0187-0.002190.0300.27

See Appendix 6: Software for a description of the common names used for the parameters for these statistical distributions (models).

Table A5.12.7. Mean, Standard Deviation and Number of Samples (N) for Exponential Growth Rate (EGR) at 5°C
Mean (log10 cfu/g/day)Std. Dev.N
-0.0450.0556
Table A5.12.8. Maximum Growth at Various Temperatures
Temperature (°C)<55-7>7
Maximum Growth
(log 10 cfu/g)
56.58

13. Pasteurized Fluid Milk Food Category

Consumption

Table A5.13.1. Foods Included in Consumption Data Set
Food CodeFood
11100000Milk, not further specified
11111000Milk, cow's, fluid, whole
11111160Milk, calcium fortified, cow's, fluid, 1% fat
11111170Milk, calcium fortified, cow's, fluid, skim or nonfat
11112000Milk, cow's, fluid, lowfat, not specified as to percent fat
11112110Milk, cow's, fluid, 2% fat
11112120Milk, cow's, fluid, acidophilus, 1% fat
11112130Milk, cow's, fluid, acidophilus, 2% fat
11112210Milk, cow's, fluid, 1% fat
11113000Milk, cow's, fluid, skim or nonfat, 0.5% or less butterfat
11114300Milk, cow's, fluid, lactose reduced, 1% fat
11114310Milk, cow's, fluid, lactose reduced, 1% fat, fortified with calcium
11114320Milk, cow's, fluid, lactose reduced, nonfat
11114321Milk, cow's, fluid, lactose reduced, nonfat, fortified with calcium
11114330Milk, cow's, fluid, lactose reduced, 2% fat
11116000Milk, goat's, fluid, whole
11511000Milk, chocolate, not further specified
11511100Milk, chocolate, whole milk based
11511200Milk, chocolate, low fat milk based
11511300Milk, chocolate, skim milk based
11519050Milk, flavors other than chocolate, whole milk based
Source Survey: CSFII
(Pasteurized Fluid Milk consumption was estimated to be 99.5% of total milk)

Figure A5.13.1: Graph showing cumulative frequency distribution for serving size of Pasteurized Fluid Milk.
Figure A5.13.1. Cumulative Distribution for the Serving Size


Table A5.13.2. Frequency Distribution of Amount Consumed per Serving
Percentile (grams per serving)
50th75th95th99th
244245488732

Contamination at Retail

Table A5.13.3. Foods Included in Contamination Level Data Set (see Appendix 7 for corresponding references)
Foods
Pasteurized fluid milk
Milk, cow's
Milk, sterilized
Milk, chocolate
Milk, lowfat
Milk, skim
Milk, whole
Milk, treated

Post Retail Growth

Table A5.13.4. Foods Included in Post Retail Growth Data Set (see Appendix 8 for corresponding references)
Food
Fluid milk, pasteurized
Fluid milk, un-pasteurized
Fluid milk, skim/whole/chocolate
Fluid milk, UHT
Table A5.13.5. Consumer Storage Times Used in this Risk Assessment (days)
MinimumModeMaximum
0.53 to 510 to 15

Figure A5.13.2: Graph showing cumulative frequency distribution for EGR at 5°C for Pasteurized Fluid Milk.
Figure A5.13.2. Cumulative Distribution for the Exponential Reference Growth Rate (EGR) at 5 °C

Table A5.13.6. Models Used to Characterize the Cumulative Distribution for Exponential Growth Rates
ModelParameter 1Parameter 2Parameter 3RSQProbability
Rectangular0.0881510.428324 0.0180.35
Triangular0.02370.2170.5342170.0110.25
Weibull2.530.291744 0.0120.21
Gamma5.260.050411 0.0130.19

See Appendix 6: Software for a description of the common names used for the parameters for these statistical distributions (models).

Table A5.13.7. Mean, Standard Deviation and Number of Samples (N) for Exponential Growth Rate (EGR) at 5°C
Mean (log10 cfu/g/day)Std. Dev.N
0.2570.10511

NOTE: EGR derived using random sampling of growth data.

Table A5.13.8 Maximum Growth at Various Temperatures
Temperature (°C)<55-7>7
Maximum Growth
(log 10 cfu/g)
77.58

14. Unpasteurized Fluid Milk Food Category

Consumption

Table A5.14.1. Foods Included in Consumption Data Set
Food CodeFood
Unpasteurized Fluid Milk consumption was estimated to be 0.5% of total milk (see Table A5.13.1. Fluid milk, pasteurized food category) 

The cumulative distribution for Pasteurized Fluid Milk was used, see Fig. A5.13.1.

Figure A5.14.1. Cumulative Distribution for the Serving Size

Table A5.14.2. Frequency Distribution of Amount Consumed per Serving
Percentile (grams per serving)
50th75th95th99th
244245488732

Contamination at Retail

Table A5.14.3. Foods Included in Contamination Level Data Set (see Appendix 7 for corresponding references)
Foodsa
Unpasteurized fluid milk, cow
Raw milk for sale (raw milk off farm)
Milk, untreated (bulk raw milk)
Unpasteurized fluid milk, goat
Unpasteurized fluid milk, non-bovine

Post Retail Growth

Table A5.14.4. Foods Included in Post Retail Growth Data Set (see Appendix 8 for corresponding references)
The foods included in the post retail growth data set for pasteurized fluid milk were used, see Table A5.13.4
Table A5.14.5. Consumer Storage Times Used in this Risk Assessment (days)
MinimumModeMaximum
0.52 to 37 to 10

The cumulative distribution for the exponential reference growth rate (EGR) at 5 °C for pasteurized milk was used, see Figure A5.13.2

Figure A5.14.2. Cumulative Distribution for the Exponential Reference Growth Rate (EGR) at 5°C

Table A5.14.6. Models Used to Characterize the Cumulative Distribution for Exponential Growth Rates
The models used to characterize the cumulative distribution for the exponential reference growth rate (EGR) at 5 °C for pasteurized milk were used, see Table A5.13.6
Table A5.14.7. Mean, Standard Deviation and Number of Samples (N) for Exponential Growth Rate (EGR) at 5°C
The mean, standard deviation and number of samples (N) for exponential growth rate (EGR) at 5°C for pasteurized milk were used, see Table A5.13.7
Table A5.14.8. Maximum Growth at Various Temperatures
Temperature (°C)<55-7>7
Maximum Growth
(log 10 cfu/g)
77.58

15. Ice cream and Frozen Dairy Products Food Category

Consumption

Table A5.15.1. Foods Included in Consumption Data Set
Food CodeFood
11459990Yogurt, frozen, not specified as to flavor, not specified as to type of milk
11460000Yogurt, frozen, flavors other than chocolate, not specified as to type of milk
11460100Yogurt, frozen, chocolate, not specified as to type of milk
11460150Yogurt, frozen, not specified as to flavor, lowfat milk
11460160Yogurt, frozen, chocolate, lowfat milk
11460170Yogurt, frozen, flavors other than chocolate, lowfat milk
11460190Yogurt, frozen, not specified as to flavor, nonfat milk
11460200Yogurt, frozen, chocolate, nonfat milk
11460250Yogurt, frozen, flavors other than chocolate, with sorbet or sorbet coated
11460300Yogurt, frozen, flavors other than chocolate, nonfat milk
11460400Yogurt, frozen, chocolate, nonfat milk, with low calorie sweetener
11460410Yogurt, frozen, flavors other than chocolate, nonfat milk, with low calorie sweetener
11460420Yogurt, frozen, not specified as to flavor, whole milk
11460430Yogurt, frozen, chocolate, whole milk
11460440Yogurt, frozen, flavors other than chocolate, whole milk
11461200Yogurt, frozen, sandwich
11461250Yogurt, frozen, cone, chocolate
11461260Yogurt, frozen, cone, flavors other than chocolate
11461270Yogurt, frozen, cone, flavors other than chocolate, lowfat milk
13110000Ice cream, not further specified
13110100Ice cream, regular, flavors other than chocolate
13110110Ice cream, regular, chocolate
13110120Ice cream, rich, flavors other than chocolate
13110130Ice cream, rich, chocolate
13110200Ice cream, soft serve, flavors other than chocolate
13110210Ice cream, soft serve, chocolate
13110220Ice cream, soft serve, not specified as to flavor
13110400Milk dessert, frozen, flavors other than chocolate (no butterfat)
13110450Milk dessert, frozen, chocolate (no butterfat)
13120050Ice cream bar or stick, not chocolate covered or cake covered
13120100Ice cream bar or stick, chocolate covered
13120110Ice cream bar or stick, chocolate or caramel covered, with nuts
13120120Ice cream bar or stick, rich chocolate ice cream, thick chocolate covering
13120121Ice cream bar or stick, rich ice cream, thick chocolate covering
13120130Ice cream bar or stick, rich ice cream, chocolate covered, with nuts
13120140Ice cream bar or stick, chocolate ice cream, chocolate covered
13120300Ice cream bar, cake covered
13120400Ice cream bar or stick with fruit
13120500Ice cream sandwich
13120550Ice cream cookie sandwich
13120700Ice cream cone with nuts, flavors other than chocolate
13120710Ice cream cone, chocolate covered, with nuts, flavors other than chocolate
13120720Ice cream cone, chocolate covered or dipped, flavors other than chocolate
13120730Ice cream cone, no topping, flavors other than chocolate
13120740Ice cream cone, no topping, not specified as to flavor
13120750Ice cream cone with nuts, chocolate ice cream
13120770Ice cream cone, no topping, chocolate ice cream
13120790Ice cream sundae cone
13120800Ice cream soda, flavors other than chocolate
13120810Ice cream soda, chocolate
13121100Ice cream sundae, fruit topping, with whipped cream
13121200Ice cream sundae, prepackaged type, flavors other than chocolate
13121300Ice cream sundae, chocolate or fudge topping, with whipped cream
13122100Ice cream pie, no crust
13122500Ice cream pie, with cookie crust, fudge topping, and whipped cream
13124100Sorbet and ice cream
13125100Ice cream with sherbet
13126000Ice cream, fried
13130100Ice milk, not further specified
13130300Ice milk, flavors other than chocolate
13130310Ice milk, chocolate
13130350Ice milk, premium, flavors other than chocolate
13130360Ice milk, premium, chocolate
13130590Ice milk, soft serve, not specified as to flavor
13130600Ice milk, soft serve, flavors other than chocolate
13130610Ice milk, soft serve, chocolate
13130620Ice milk, soft serve cone, flavors other than chocolate
13130630Ice milk, soft serve cone, chocolate
13130640Ice milk, soft serve cone, not specified as to flavor
13135000Ice milk sandwich
13140100Ice milk bar or stick, chocolate coated
13140110Ice milk bar or stick, chocolate covered, with nuts
13140550Ice milk cone, chocolate
13140600Ice milk sundae, soft serve, chocolate or fudge topping, with whipped cream
13140630Ice milk sundae, soft serve, fruit topping, with whipped cream
13140660Ice milk sundae, soft serve, chocolate or fudge topping (without whipped cream)
13140670Ice milk sundae, soft serve, fruit topping (without whipped cream)
13140680Ice milk sundae, soft serve, not fruit or chocolate topping (without whipped cream)
13140700Ice milk creamsicle or dreamsicle
13140900Ice milk, fudgesicle
13141100Ice milk, with sherbet or ice cream
13142000Milk dessert bar or stick, frozen, with coconut
13150000Sherbet, all flavors
13160100Milk dessert, frozen, lowfat, made with low calorie sweetener, flavors other than chocolate
13160150Milk dessert, frozen, nonfat, made with low calorie sweetener, chocolate
13160160Milk dessert, frozen, nonfat, made with low calorie sweetener, flavors other than chocolate
13160200Milk dessert, frozen, lowfat, flavors other than chocolate
13160210Milk dessert, frozen, lowfat, chocolate
13160400Milk dessert, frozen, milkfat free, flavors other than chocolate
13160410Milk dessert, frozen, milkfat free, chocolate
13160600Milk dessert, frozen, made with low calorie sweetener, flavors other than chocolate
13160650Milk dessert, frozen, made with low calorie sweetener, chocolate
13161000Milk dessert bar, frozen, made from lowfat milk
13161600Milk dessert bar, frozen, made from lowfat milk and low calorie sweetener
13161630Ice milk bar or stick, with low calorie sweetener, chocolate coated
Source Survey: CSFII

Figure A5.15.1: Graph showing cumulative frequency distribution for serving size of Ice cream and Frozen Dairy Products.
Figure A5.15.1. Cumulative Distribution for the Serving Size

Table A5.15.2. Frequency Distribution of Amount Consumed per Serving
Percentile (grams per serving)
50th75th95th99th
132186330454

Contamination at Retail

Table A5.15.3. Foods Included in Contamination Level Data Set (see Appendix 7 for corresponding references)
Foods
Ice cream
Frozen, dairy products
Ice cream/frozen yogurt
Frozen yogurt
Ice cream samples from finished products
Ice cream, iced products
Ice cream, mix
Ice cream novelty
Ice milk

Post Retail Growth

Table A5.15.4. Foods Included in Post Retail Growth Data Set (see Appendix 8 for corresponding references)
Foods
No growth was modeled for this category.
Table A5.15.5. Consumer Storage Times Used in this Risk Assessment (days)
MinimumModeMaximum
0.58 to 1090 to 180

Not applicable - No growth model for this category.

Figure A5.15.2. Cumulative Distribution for the Exponential Reference Growth Rate (EGR) at 5°C

Table A5.15.6. Models Used to Characterize the Cumulative Distribution for Exponential Growth Rates
Not applicable - No growth model for this category.
Table A5.15.7. Mean, Standard Deviation and Number of Samples (N) for Exponential Growth Rate (EGR) at 5°C
Not applicable - No growth model for this category.
Table A5.15.8. Maximum Growth at Various Temperatures
Temperature (°C)<55-7>7
Maximum Growth56.58

16. Cultured Milk Products Food Categories

Consumption

Table A5.16.1. Foods Included in Consumption Data Set
Food CodeFood
11115000Buttermilk, fluid, nonfat
11115200Buttermilk, fluid, 2% fat
11410000Yogurt, not specified as to type of milk or flavor
11411010Yogurt, plain, not specified as to type of milk
11411100Yogurt, plain, whole milk
11411200Yogurt, plain, lowfat milk
11411300Yogurt, plain, nonfat milk
11420000Yogurt, vanilla, lemon, or coffee flavor, not specified as to type of milk
11421000Yogurt, vanilla, lemon, or coffee flavor, whole milk
11422000Yogurt, vanilla, lemon, maple, or coffee flavor, lowfat milk
11423000Yogurt, vanilla, lemon, maple, or coffee flavor, nonfat milk
11424000Yogurt, vanilla, lemon, maple, or coffee flavor, nonfat milk, sweetened with low calories
11425000Yogurt, chocolate, not specified as to type of milk
11427000Yogurt, chocolate, nonfat milk
11430000Yogurt, fruit variety, not specified as to type of milk
11431000Yogurt, fruit variety, whole milk
11432000Yogurt, fruit variety, lowfat milk
11433000Yogurt, fruit variety, nonfat milk
11433500Yogurt, fruit variety, nonfat milk, sweetened with low calorie sweetener
12310100Sour cream
12310200Sour cream, half and half
12310300Sour cream, reduced fat
12310350Sour cream, light
12310370Sour cream, fat free
12320200Sour cream, filled, sour dressing, non-butterfat
12350000Dip, sour cream base
12350020Dip, sour cream base, reduced calorie
12350100Spinach dip, sour cream base
Source Survey: CSFII

Cultured Milk Products

Figure A5.16.1: Graph showing cumulative frequency distribution for serving size of Cultured Milk Products.
Figure A5.16.1. Cumulative Distribution for the Serving Size

Table A5.16.2. Frequency Distribution of Amount Consumed per Serving
Percentile (grams per serving)
50th75th95th99th
114227245490

Contamination at Retail

Table A5.16.3. Foods Included in Contamination Level Data Set (see Appendix 7 for corresponding references)
Foods
Yogurt
Buttermilk
Sour cream

Post Retail Growth

Table A5.16.4. Growth Rate (see Appendix 8 for corresponding references)
Foods
Buttermilk
Yogurt
Table A5.16.5. Consumer Storage Times Used in this Risk Assessment (days)
MinimumModeMaximum
0.56 to 1015 to 45

Figure A5.16.2: Graph showing cumulative frequency distribution for EGR at 5°C for Cultured Milk Products.
Figure A5.16.2. Cumulative Distribution for the Exponential Reference Growth Rate (EGR) at 5 °C

Table A5.16.6. Models Used to Characterize the Cumulative Distribution for Exponential Growth Rates
ModelParameter 1Parameter 2Parameter 3RSQProbability
Rectangular-0.275-2 x 10-9 0.0350.63
Triangular-0.290-0.1800.0723790.0300.37

See Appendix 6: Software for a description of the common names used for the parameters for these statistical distributions (models).

Table A5.16.7. Mean, Standard Deviation and Number of Samples (N) sfor Exponential Growth Rate (EGR) at 5°C
Mean (log10 cfu/g/day)Std. Dev.N
-0.1680.14325
Table A5.16.8. Maximum Growth at Various Temperatures
Temperature (°C)<55-7>7
Maximum Growth
(log 10 cfu/g)
56.58

17. High Fat and Other Dairy Products Food Category

Consumption

Table A5.17.1. Foods Included in Consumption Data Set
Food CodeFood
11512000Cocoa, hot chocolate, not from dry mix, made with whole milk
11512500Spanish-style hot chocolate drink, Puerto Rican style, made with evaporated milk
11513000Cocoa and sugar mixture, milk added, not specified as to type of milk
11513100Cocoa and sugar mixture, whole milk added
11513200Cocoa and sugar mixture, lowfat milk added
11513300Cocoa and sugar mixture, skim milk added
11513400Chocolate syrup, milk added, not specified as to type of milk
11513500Chocolate syrup, whole milk added
11513600Chocolate syrup, lowfat milk added
11513700Chocolate syrup, skim milk added
11516000Cocoa, whey, and low-calorie sweetener mixture, lowfat milk added
11519000Milk beverage, made with whole milk, flavors other than chocolate
11520000Milk, malted, unfortified, not specified as to flavor, made with milk
11525000Milk, malted, fortified, natural flavor, made with milk
11526000Milk, malted, fortified, chocolate, made with milk
11527000Milk, malted, fortified, not specified as to flavor, made with milk
11531000Eggnog, made with whole milk
11541000Milk shake, not specified as to flavor or type
11541110Milk shake, homemade or fountain-type, chocolate
11541120Milk shake, homemade or fountain-type, flavors other than chocolate
11541400Milk shake with malt
11541500Milk shake, made with skim milk, chocolate
11541510Milk shake, made with skim milk, flavors other than chocolate
11542100Carry-out milk shake, chocolate
11542200Carry-out milk shake, flavors other than chocolate
11551050Milk fruit drink
11552200Milk-based fruit drink
11560000Chocolate-flavored drink, whey and milk-based
11560020Flavored milk drink, whey and milk-based, flavors other than chocolate
12100100Cream, not specified as to light, heavy, or half and half
12110100Cream, light, fluid
12110300Cream, light, whipped, unsweetened
12120100Cream, half and half
12130100Cream, heavy, fluid
12140000Cream, heavy, whipped, sweetened
14620100Dip, cream cheese base
14620120Shrimp dip, cream cheese base
14620150Dip, cheese with chili pepper (chili con queso)
14620200Dip, cheese base other than cream cheese
81100500Butter, not further specified
81101000Butter, stick, salted
81101010Butter, whipped, tub, salted
81101020Butter, whipped, stick, salted
81101100Butter, stick, unsalted
81101110Butter, whipped, tub, unsalted
81101500Light butter, stick, salted
81101510Light butter, stick, unsalted
81101520Light butter, whipped, tub, salted
81104500Vegetable oil-butter spread, stick, salted
81104510Vegetable oil-butter spread, tub, salted
81104550Vegetable oil-butter spread, reduced calorie, stick, salted
81104560Vegetable oil-butter spread, reduced calorie, tub, salted
81105010Butter-margarine blend, stick, salted
81105020Butter-margarine blend, tub, salted
81105030Butter-margarine blend, stick, unsalted
81105500Butter-vegetable oil blend
Source Survey: CSFII

High Fat and Other Dairy Products

Figure A5.17.1: Graph showing cumulative frequency distribution for serving size of High Fat and Other Dairy Products.
Figure A5.17.1. Cumulative Distribution for the Serving Size

Table A5.17.2 Frequency Distribution of Amount Consumed per Serving
Percentile (grams per serving)
50th75th95th99th
1330312510

Contamination at Retail

Table A5.17.3. Foods Included in Contamination Level Data Set (see Appendix 7 for corresponding references)
Foods
Butter
Chocolate pudding
Cream
Cream half&half
Cream, pasteurized
Dairy products
Egg nog
Half and half
Milk shake
Whipping cream

Post Retail Growth

Table A5.17.4. Foods Included in Post Retail Growth Data Set (see Appendix 8 for corresponding references)
Foods
Cream
Butter
Sweetened condensed milk
Evaporated milk
Table A5.17.5. Consumer Storage Times Used in this Risk Assessment (days)
MinimumModeMaximum
0.56 to 1015 to 45

Figure A5.17.2: Graph showing cumulative frequency distribution for EGR at 5°C for High Fat and Other Dairy Products.
Figure A5.17.2. Cumulative Distribution for the Exponential Reference Growth Rate (EGR) at 5 °C

Table A5.17.6. Models Used to Characterize the Cumulative Distribution for the Exponential Growth Rate
ModelParameter 1Parameter 2Parameter 3Parameter 4RSQProbability
Beta0.3392780.3841-0.016760.263610.0050.65
Rectangular-0.079840.308504  0.0240.33
Normal0.1126720.142126  0.0320.03

see Appendix 6: Software for a description of the common names used for the parameters for these statistical distributions (models).

Table A5.17.7. Mean, Standard Deviation and Number of Samples (N) for Exponential Growth Rate (EGR) at 5°C
Mean (log10 cfu/g/day)Std. Dev.N
0.1140.1186
Table A5.17.8. Maximum Growth at Various Temperatures
Temperature (°C)<55-7>7
Maximum Growth
(log 10 cfu/g)
56.58

18. Frankfurters - Reheated Food Category

Consumption

Table A5.18.1. Foods Included in Consumption Data Set
Food CodeFood
25210110Frankfurter, wiener, or hot dog, not further specified
25210150Frankfurter or hot dog, cheese-filled
25210210Frankfurter or hot dog, beef
25210220Frankfurter or hot dog, beef and pork
25210230Frankfurter or hot dog, beef and pork, lowfat
25210250Frankfurter or hot dog, meat and poultry, fat free
25210280Frankfurter or hot dog, meat and poultry
25210310Frankfurter or hot dog, chicken
25210410Frankfurter or hot dog, turkey
25210510Frankfurter or hot dog, low salt
25210610Frankfurter or hot dog, beef, lowfat
25210700Frankfurter or hot dog, meat and poultry, lowfat
27120210Frankfurter or hot dog, with chili, no bun
27120250Frankfurter or hot dog with tomato-based sauce (mixture)
27560300Corn dog (frankfurter or hot dog with cornbread coating)
27560320Frankfurter or hot dog, plain, on bun
27560330Frankfurter or hot dog, with cheese, plain, on bun
27560340Frankfurter or hot dog, with catsup and/or mustard, on bun
27560350Pig in a blanket (frankfurter or hot dog wrapped in dough)
27560360Frankfurter or hot dog, with chili, on bun
27560370Frankfurter or hot dog with chili and cheese, on bun
Source Survey: CSFII

Figure A5.18.1: Graph showing cumulative frequency distribution for serving size of Frankfurters.
Figure A5.18.1. Cumulative Distribution for the Serving Size

Table A5.18.2. Frequency Distribution of Amount Consumed per Serving
Percentile (grams per serving)
50th75th95th99th
57114171285

Contamination at Retail

Table A5.18.3. Foods Included in Contamination Level Data Set (see Appendix 7 for corresponding references)
Foods
Hot dogs
Hot dogs, beef
Frankfurter, sausage type
Hot dogs, chicken/pork
Hot dogs, turkey

Post Retail Growth

Table A5.18.4. Foods Included in Post Retail Growth Data Set (see Appendix 8 for corresponding references)
Foods
Frankfurters
Hot dog, poultry
Hot dog, turkey
Hot dog, pork
Table A5. 18.5. Consumer Storage Times Used in this Risk Assessment (days)
Storage times were modeled using AMI survey data - see Chapter III. Exposure Assessment, section "Modeling: Growth Between Retail and Consumption" for details. See Figure III-7.

Figure A5.18.2: Graph showing cumulative frequency distribution for EGR at 5°C for Frankfurters.
Figure A5.18.2. Cumulative Distribution for the Exponential Reference Growth Rate (EGR) at 5°C

Table A5.18.6. Models Used to Characterize the Cumulative Exponential Growth Rate
ModelParameter 1Parameter 2Parameter 3Parameter 4RSQProbability
Beta0.5907860.397640.0540090.182810.0100.59
Rectangular0.0467270.216073  0.0320.20
Triangular-8.75 x 10-30.1810.22089 0.0240.17
Normal0.1343430.060556  0.0360.03

see Appendix 6: Software for a description of the common names used for the parameters for these statistical distributions (models).

Table A5.18.7. Mean, Standard Deviation and Number of Samples (N) for Exponential Growth Rate (EGR) at 5°C
Mean (log10 cfu/g/day)Std. Dev.N
0.1310.0515
Table A5.18.8. Maximum Growth at Various Temperatures
Temperature (°C)<55-7>7
Maximum Growth
(log 10 cfu/g)
56.58

19. Frankfurters - Not Reheated Food Category

Consumption

Table A5.19.1. Foods Included in Consumption Data Set
The foods included in the consumption data set for Frankfurters - Reheated were used, see Table A5.18.1

The cumulative distribution for Frankfurters - Reheated was used, see Figure A5.18.1

Figure A5.19.1. Cumulative Distribution for Serving Size

Table A5.19.2. Frequency Distribution of Amount Consumed per Serving
The frequency distribution of amount consumed per serving for Frankfurters - Reheated was used, see Table A5.18.2

Contamination at Retail

Table A5.19.3. Foods Included in Contamination Level Data Set (see Appendix 7 for corresponding references)
The foods included in the contamination level data set for Frankfurters - Reheated were used, see Table A5.18.3

Post Retail Growth

Table A5.19.4. Foods Included in Post Retail Growth Data Set
The foods included in the post retail growth data set for Frankfurters - Reheated were used, see Table A5.18.4
Table A5.19.5. Consumer Storage Times Used in this Risk Assessment (days)
Storage times were modeled using AMI survey data - see section Chapter III. Exposure Assessment, section "Modeling: Growth Between Retail and Consumption" for details. (Figure III-7)

The cumulative distribution for the exponential reference growth rate (EGR) at 5°C for Frankfurters - Reheated was used, see Figure A5.18.2

Figure A5.19.2. Cumulative Distribution for the Exponential Reference Growth Rate (EGR) at 5°C

Table A5.19.6. Models Used to Characterize the Cumulative Exponential Growth Rate
The models used to characterize the cumulative exponential growth rate for Frankfurters - Reheated were used, see Table A5.18.6

see Appendix 6: Software for a description of the common names used for the parameters for these statistical distributions (models).

Table A5.19.7. Mean, Standard Deviation and Number of Samples (N) for Exponential Growth Rate (EGR) at 5°C
The mean, standard deviation and number of samples (N) for exponential growth rate (EGR) at 5°C for Frankfurters - Reheated were used, see Table A5.18.7
Table A5.19.8. Maximum Growth at Various Temperatures
The maximum growth at various temperatures for Frankfurters - Reheated were used, see Table A5.18.8

20. Dry/Semi-Dry Fermented Sausages Food Category

Consumption

Table A5.20.1. Foods Included in Consumption Data Set
Food CodeFood
25220120Beef sausage, smoked, stick
25220420Bologna, Lebanon
25221250Pepperoni
25221500Salami, not further specified
25221520Salami, dry or hard
25221530Salami, beef
25221810Thuringer
Source Survey: CSFII

Figure A5.20.1: Graph showing cumulative frequency distribution for serving size of Dry/Semi-Dry Fermented Sausages.
Figure A5.20.1. Cumulative Distribution For the Serving Size

Table A5.20.2. Frequency Distribution of Amount Consumed per Serving
Percentile (grams per serving)
50th75th95th99th
4669161161

Contamination at Retail

Table A5.20.3. Foods Included in Contamination Level Data Set (see Appendix 7 for corresponding references)
Foods
Beef, salami, and mettwurst
Salami
Salami and pork
Sausage
Sausage, smoked
Sausage, cooked, cured
Sausage, fermented
Cured chorizo
Beef stick
Pepperoni/sausage, fermented
Sausage, dried

Post Retail Growth

Table A5.20.4. Foods Included in Post Retail Growth Data Set (see Appendix 8 for corresponding references)
Foods
Summer sausage
Fermented sausage
German-style American Italian sausage
Norwegian fermented dry sausage
Table A5.20.5. Consumer Storage Times Used in this Risk Assessment (days)
MinimumModeMaximum
0.56 to 1045 to 90

Figure A5.20.2: Graph showing cumulative frequency distribution for EGR at 5°C for Dry/Semi-Dry Fermented Sausages.
Figure A5.20.2. Cumulative Distribution for the Exponential Reference Growth Rate (EGR) at 5°C

Table A5.20.6. Models Used to Characterize the Cumulative Exponential Growth Rate
ModelParameter 1Parameter 2Parameter 3Parameter 4RSQProbability
Triangular-5.78 x 10-21.23 x 10-40.010738 0.0040.48
Beta0.6084260.397069-0.040.000422<0.0010.38
Rectangular-0.0350.007133  0.0220.19

see Appendix 6: Software for a description of the common names used for the parameters for these statistical distributions (models).

Table A5.20.7. Mean, Standard Deviation and Number of Samples (N) for Exponential Growth Rate (EGR) at 5°C
Mean (log10 cfu/g/day)Std. Dev.N
-0.0160.0164
Table A5.20.8. Maximum Growth at Various Temperatures
Temperature (°C)<55-7>7
Maximum Growth
(log 10 cfu/g)
56.58

21. Deli Meats Food Category

Consumption

Table A5.21.1. Foods Included in Consumption Data Set
Food CodeFood
21002000Beef, pickled
22311210Ham, smoked or cured, low sodium, cooked, lean and fat eaten
22311450Ham, prosciutto
23322100Deer bologna
25220010Cold cut, not further specified
25220390Bologna, beef, lowfat
25220400Bologna, pork and beef
25220410Bologna, not further specified
25220430Bologna, beef
25220440Bologna, turkey
25220450Bologna ring, smoked
25220460Bologna, pork
25220470Bologna, beef, lower sodium
25220480Bologna, chicken, beef, and pork
25220500Bologna, beef and pork, lowfat
25220910Head cheese
25221210Mortadella
25221480Mettwurst
25221710Souse
25230210Ham, sliced, prepackaged or deli, luncheon meat
25230220Ham, sliced, low salt, prepackaged or deli, luncheon meat
25230230Ham, sliced, extra lean, prepackaged or deli, luncheon meat
25230310Chicken or turkey loaf, prepackaged or deli, luncheon meat
25230410Ham loaf, luncheon meat
25230430Ham and cheese loaf
25230510Ham, luncheon meat, chopped, minced, pressed, spiced, not canned
25230520Ham, luncheon meat, chopped, minced, pressed, spiced, lowfat, not canned
25230550Ham, pork, and chicken, luncheon meat, chopped, minced, pressed, spiced, canned, reduced sodium
25230560Liverwurst
25230610Luncheon loaf (olive, pickle, or pimiento)
25230710Sandwich loaf, luncheon meat
25230790Turkey ham, sliced, extra lean, prepackaged or deli, luncheon meat
25230800Turkey ham
25230810Veal loaf
25230820Turkey pastrami
25230840Turkey salami
25230900Turkey or chicken breast, prepackaged or deli, luncheon meat
25231110Beef, sliced, prepackaged or deli, luncheon meat
25231150Corned beef, pressed
27500100Meat sandwich, not further specified
27510700Meatball and spaghetti sauce submarine sandwich, on roll
27510950Reuben sandwich (corned beef sandwich with sauerkraut and cheese), with spread
27513010Roast beef sandwich
27513040Roast beef submarine sandwich, on roll, with lettuce, tomato and spread
27513050Roast beef sandwich with cheese
27513060Roast beef sandwich with bacon and cheese sauce
27513070Roast beef submarine sandwich, on roll, au jus
27515000Steak submarine sandwich, on roll, with lettuce and tomato
27515010Steak sandwich, plain, on roll
27515020Steak and cheese submarine sandwich, on roll, with lettuce and tomato
27515030Steak and cheese sandwich, plain, on roll
27515040Steak and cheese submarine sandwich, plain, on roll
27515070Steak and cheese submarine sandwich, with fried peppers and onions, on roll
27515080Steak sandwich, plain, on biscuit
27515150Steak patty (breaded, fried) sandwich, with mayonnaise or salad dressing, lettuce, and tomato, on bun
27516010Gyro sandwich (pita bread, beef, lamb, onion, condiments), with tomato and spread
27520130Bacon, chicken, and tomato club sandwich, with lettuce and spread
27520160Bacon, chicken, and tomato club sandwich, on multigrain roll with lettuce and spread
27520250Ham on biscuit
27520300Ham sandwich, with spread
27520320Ham and cheese sandwich, with lettuce and spread
27520360Ham and cheese sandwich, on bun, with lettuce and spread
27520370Hot ham and cheese sandwich, on bun
27520380Ham and cheese on English muffin
27520390Ham and cheese submarine sandwich, on multigrain roll, with lettuce, tomato and spread
27520500Pork, barbecue sauce, onions and dill pickles on white roll
27520540Ham and tomato club sandwich, with lettuce and spread
27540110Chicken sandwich, with spread
27540130Chicken barbecue sandwich
27540140Chicken fillet (breaded, fried) sandwich
27540150Chicken fillet (breaded, fried) sandwich with lettuce, tomato and spread
27540180Chicken patty sandwich or biscuit
27540190Chicken patty sandwich, with lettuce and spread
27540200Fajita-style chicken sandwich with cheese, on pita bread, with lettuce and tomato
27540230Chicken patty sandwich with cheese, on wheat bun, with lettuce, tomato and spread
27540240Chicken fillet, (broiled), sandwich, on whole wheat roll, with lettuce, tomato and spread
27540260Chicken fillet, broiled, sandwich, on oat bran bun, with lettuce, tomato and spread
27540270Chicken fillet, broiled, sandwich, with lettuce, tomato and non-mayonnaise type spread
27540280Chicken fillet, broiled, sandwich with cheese, on bun, with lettuce, tomato and spread
27540310Turkey sandwich, with spread
27540350Turkey submarine sandwich, on roll, with cheese, lettuce, tomato and spread
27560110Bologna sandwich, with spread
27560120Bologna and cheese sandwich, with spread
27560910Submarine, cold cut sandwich, on bun, with lettuce
Source Survey: CSFII

Figure A5.21.1: Graph showing cumulative frequency distribution for serving size of Deli Meats.
Figure A5.21.1. Cumulative Distribution for the Serving Size


Table A5.21.2. Frequency Distribution of Amount Consumed per Serving
Percentile (grams per serving)
50th75th95th99th
5675113196

Contamination at Retail

Table A5.21.3. Foods Included in Contamination Level Data Set (see Appendix 7 for corresponding references)
Foods
Bacon
BBQ beef
BBQ chicken
BBQ meat
BBQ pork
Beef, ready-to-eat
Bologna
Chicken breaded
Chicken, ready-to-eat
Cold cuts
Corned beef
Corned beef, roast and cooked
Corned beef, roast cooked
Deli meats
Ham and luncheon meats, sliced
Ham like products
Ham, cooked
Ham, sliced vacuum packed
Ham, cooked, sliced
Ham/salami/bacon/luncheon meat
Ham, sliced/sliced luncheon
Mortadella
Olive loaf
Pariza
Pastrami
Pork
Pork loin
Pork shoulder, sliced vacuum packed
Pork, ready-to-eat
Poultry, cooked
Roast beef
Ready-to-eat broiler products
Ready-to-eat meats
Sausages
Turkey breast sliced
Turkey breast, cooked smoked
Turkey breast, smoked
Turkey cuvette, smoked
Turkey fillet, smoked ready-to-eat
Turkey ham
Turkey parts
Turkey pastrami
Turkey ready-to-eat
Turkey wings
Turkey, cooked smoked diced

Post Retail Growth

Table A5.21.4. Foods Included in Post Retail Growth Data Set (see Appendix 8 for corresponding references)
Foods
Beef sirloin
Bologna
Chicken, cooked
Chicken, fillets/breaded
Chicken, homogenate
Chicken, sliced/vacuum packed
Corned beef
Ham, cooked
Ham, cooked and vacuum packed
Ham, vacuum packed
Roast beef
Turkey loaf, cooked, uncured, vacuum packed
Turkey, sliced
Turkey, sliced, vacuum packed
Table A5.21.5. Consumer Storage Times Used in this Risk Assessment (days)
Storage times were modeled using AMI survey data - see section Chapter III. Exposure Assessment, section "Modeling: Growth Between Retail and Consumption" for details. (See Figure III-1)

 

Figure A5.21.2: Graph showing cumulative frequency distribution for EGR at 5°C for Deli Meats.
Figure A5.21.2. Cumulative Distribution for the Exponential Reference Growth Rate (EGR) at 5°C

 

Table A5.21.6. Models Used to Characterize the Cumulative Distribution for Exponential Growth Rates
ModelParameter 1Parameter 2Parameter 3Parameter 4RSQProbability
Triangular-0.01130.07850.755007 0.0290.42
Weibull1.450.314009  0.0330.24
Gamma1.820.160235  0.0340.20
Beta1.2328953.0386740.015840.9216070.0310.14

see Appendix 6: Software for a description of the common names used for the parameters for these statistical distributions (models).

Table A5.21.7. Mean, Standard Deviation and Number of Samples (N) for Exponential Growth Rate (EGR) at 5°C
Mean (log10 cfu/g/day)Std. Dev.N
0.2820.19623

NOTE: EGR derived using random sampling of growth data.

Table A5.21.8. Maximum Growth at Various Temperatures
Temperature (°C)<55-7>7
Maximum Growth
(log 10 cfu/g)
56.58

22. Pâté and Meat Spreads Food Category

Consumption

Table A5.22.1. Foods Included in Consumption Data Set
Food CodeFood
25112200Liver paste or pâté, chicken
25240000Meat spread or potted meat
25240110Chicken salad spread
25240210Ham, deviled or potted
25240220Ham salad spread
25240310Roast beef spread
27563010Meatspread or potted meat sandwich
Source Survey: CSFII

Figure A5.22.1: Graph showing cumulative frequency distribution for serving size of Pâté and Meat Spreads.
Figure A5.22.1. Cumulative Distribution for the Serving Size


Table A5.22.2. Frequency Distribution of Amount Consumed per Serving
Percentiles (grams per serving)
50th75th95th99th
5785128454

Contamination at Retail

Table A5.22.3. Foods Included in Contamination Level Data Set (see Appendix 7 for corresponding references)
Foods
Aspic mince, prepackaged, cooked
Aspic mince, un-prepackaged, cooked
Ham spread
Meat spreads
Pâté
Pâté mince, prepackaged, cooked
Pâté mince, un-prepackaged, cooked
Pâté, fish & seafood
Pâté, meat-based
Pâté, poultry-based
Pâté, undefined
Salmon pâté
Shrimp pâté
Tuna pâté

Post Retail Growth

Table A5.22.4. Foods Included in Post Retail Growth Data Set (see Appendix 8 for corresponding references)
Foods
Pâté
Table A5.22.5. Consumer Storage Times Used in this Risk Assessment (days)
MinimumModeMaximum
0.56 to 1015 to 45
Since only two data points were available for this group, EGR distributions were not derived by curve-fitting. Instead, a probability tree with two alternate distributions (rectangular and normal) was employed where each distribution was given equal weight.

Figure A5.22.2. Cumulative Distribution for the Exponential Reference Growth Rate (EGR) at 5°C

Table A5.22.6. Models Used to Characterize the Cumulative Distribution for Exponential Growth Rates
ModelParameter 1Parameter 2Probability
Normal0.250.150.5
Rectangular0.1430.3610.5

see Appendix 6: Software for a description of the common names used for the parameters for these statistical distributions (models).

Table A5.22.7. Mean, Standard Deviation and Number of Samples (N) for Exponential Growth Rate (EGR) at 5°C
Mean (log10 cfu/g/day)Std. Dev.N
0.2500.1562
Table A5.22.8. Maximum Growth at Various Temperatures
Temperature (°C)<55-7>7
Maximum Growth
(log 10 cfu/g)
56.58

23. Deli-type Salads Food Category

Consumption

Table A5.23.1. Foods Included in Consumption Data Set
Food CodeFood
14610200Cheese, cottage cheese, with gelatin dessert
14610210Cheese, cottage cheese, with gelatin dessert and fruit
27416250Beef salad
27420020Ham or pork salad
27446200Chicken or turkey salad
27446220Chicken or turkey salad with egg
27446300Chicken or turkey garden salad (chicken and/or turkey, tomato and/or carrots, other vegetables), no dressing
27446310Chicken or turkey garden salad (chicken and/or turkey, other vegetables excluding tomato and carrots), no dressing
27446350Oriental chicken or turkey garden salad (chicken and/or turkey, lettuce, fruit, nuts), no dressing
27450010Crab salad
27450020Lobster salad
27450030Salmon salad
27450060Tuna salad
27450070Shrimp salad
27450080Seafood salad
27450090Tuna salad with cheese
27450100Tuna salad with egg
27450110Shrimp garden salad (shrimp, eggs, tomato and/or carrots, other vegetables), no dressing
27450120Shrimp garden salad (shrimp, eggs, vegetables excluding tomato and carrots), no dressing
27450130Crab salad made with imitation crab
27450180Seafood garden salad with seafood, vegetables excluding tomato and carrots, no dressing
27450190Seafood garden salad with seafood, tomato and/or carrots, other vegetables, no dressing
27460490Julienne salad (meat, cheese, eggs, vegetables), no dressing
27460510Antipasto with ham, fish, cheese, vegetables
27520340Ham salad sandwich
27540120Chicken salad or chicken spread sandwich
27540320Turkey salad or turkey spread sandwich
27550710Tuna salad sandwich, with lettuce
27550720Tuna salad sandwich
27550750Tuna salad submarine sandwich, on roll, with lettuce
32103000Egg salad
32203010Egg salad sandwich
41203020Kidney bean salad
41205070Hummus
58101930Taco or tostada salad with beef and cheese, fried flour tortilla
58101940Taco or tostada salad, meatless, with cheese, fried flour tortilla
58148110Macaroni salad
58148120Macaroni salad with egg
58148130Macaroni salad with tuna
58148140Macaroni salad with crab meat
58148150Macaroni salad with shrimp
58148160Macaroni salad with tuna and egg
58148170Macaroni salad with chicken
58148180Macaroni salad with cheese
58148500Pasta salad (macaroni or noodles, vegetables, dressing)
58148550Pasta salad with meat (macaroni or noodles, vegetables, meat, dressing)
63301010Ambrosia
63307010Cranberry-orange relish, uncooked
63401010Apple salad with dressing
63401020Apple and cabbage salad with dressing
63402950Fruit salad (excluding citrus fruits) with salad dressing or mayonnaise
63402960Fruit salad (excluding citrus fruits) with cream
63402970Fruit salad (excluding citrus fruits) with cream substitute
63402980Fruit salad (excluding citrus fruits) with marshmallows
63403000Fruit salad (excluding citrus fruits) with pudding
63403010Fruit salad (including citrus fruits) with salad dressing or mayonnaise
63403020Fruit salad (including citrus fruit) with cream
63403030Fruit salad (including citrus fruits) with cream substitute
63403040Fruit salad (including citrus fruits) with marshmallows
63403100Fruit dessert with cream and/or pudding and nuts
63408010Guacamole with tomatoes
63408200Guacamole with tomatoes and chili peppers
63409010Guacamole, not further specified
63411010Cranberry salad, congealed
63412010Pear salad with dressing
63413020Pineapple salad with cream cheese
71601010Potato salad with egg
71602010Potato salad, German style
71603010Potato salad
72116140Caesar salad (with romaine)
73101110Carrots, raw, salad
73101210Carrots, raw, salad with apples
74506000Tomato and cucumber salad made with tomato, cucumber, oil, and vinegar
75140500Broccoli salad with cauliflower, cheese, bacon bits, and dressing
75141000Cabbage salad or coleslaw, with dressing
75141100Cabbage salad or coleslaw with apples and/or raisins, with dressing
75141200Cabbage salad or coleslaw with pineapple, with dressing
75142500Cucumber salad with creamy dressing
75142550Cucumber salad made with cucumber, oil, and vinegar
75142600Cucumber salad made with cucumber and vinegar
75144100Lettuce, wilted, with bacon dressing
75145000Seven layer salad (lettuce salad made with a combination of onion, celery, green pepper, peas, mayonnaise, cheese, eggs)
75146000Greek Salad
75201030Artichoke salad in oil
75302080Bean salad, yellow and/or green string beans
75416500Pea salad
75416600Pea salad with cheese
91501020Gelatin dessert with fruit
91501040Gelatin dessert with fruit and whipped cream
91501080Gelatin dessert with fruit and cream cheese
91501090Gelatin dessert with fruit, vegetable, and nuts
91501100Gelatin salad with vegetables
91511020Gelatin dessert, dietetic, with fruit, sweetened with low calorie sweetener
91511090Gelatin dessert, dietetic, with fruit and vegetable(s), sweetened with low calorie sweetener
91511100Gelatin salad, dietetic, with vegetables, sweetened with low calorie sweetener
91511110Gelatin dessert, dietetic, with fruit and whipped topping, sweetened with low calorie sweetener
Source Survey: CSFII

Deli-type Salads

Figure A5.23.1: Graph showing cumulative frequency distribution for serving size of Deli-type Salads.
Figure A5.23.1. Cumulative Distribution for the Serving Size

Table A5.23.2. Frequency Distribution of Amount Consumed per Serving
Percentiles (grams per serving)
50th75th95th99th
97177301464

Contamination at Retail

Table A5.23.3. Foods Included in Contamination Level Data Set (see Appendix 7 for corresponding references)
Foods
Antipasto
Broccoli and cheese salad
Caesar
Chef
Chicken salad
Cole slaw
Crab salad
Creamy fruit
Deli Salads
Deli, mayonnaise
Egg salad
Egg/egg mayonnaise salad
Delicatessen salads, unspecified
Fish & shrimp salad
Fish marinate and seafood salad
Fish salad
Fruit/nut salad
Greek salad
Ham salad
Macaroni salad with cheese
Meat & egg salad
Meat salad
Other salad (veg) with mayonnaise
Pasta salad
Pea salad
Salad, potato
Salads (2 egg, 2 cheese,1 dressing)
Salads, seafood
Salmon salad
Shrimp salad
Tortellini salad
Tuna salad
Turkey salad
Various meat and poultry salads
Table A5.23.4. Foods Included in Post Retail Growth Data Set (see Appendix 8 for corresponding references)
Foods
Crab salad, store prepared
Shrimp salad, store prepared
Shrimp salad, plant prepared
Chicken salad, store prepared
Chicken salad, plant prepared
Potato salad, store prepared
Potato salad, plant prepared
Cole slaw, store prepared
Cole slaw, plant prepared
Egg salad, store prepared
Tuna salad, store prepared
Ham salad, store prepared
Imitation crab salad, store prepared
Chicken salad, high pH
Chicken salad, low pH
Potato salad, high pH
Potato salad, low pH
Pasta salad, high pH
Pasta salad, low pH
Seafood salad, high pH
Seafood salad, low pH
Table A5.23.5. Consumer Storage Times Used in this Risk Assessment (days)
MinimumModeMaximum
0.53 to 48 to 12

Figure A5.23.2: Graph showing cumulative frequency distribution for EGR at 5°C for Deli-type Salads.
Figure A5.23.2. Cumulative Distribution for the Exponential Reference Growth Rate (EGR) at 5°C - Low Growth Salads

Table A5.23.6. Models Used to Characterize the Cumulative Distribution for Exponential Growth Rates- Low Growth Deli Salads
ModelParameter 1Parameter 2Parameter 3Parameter 4RSQProbability
Triangular-0.4792.60 x 10-30.061947 0.0460.45
Rectangular-0.310720.051316  0.0570.34
Beta1.9902440.897964-0.5050.0235330.0460.21

see Appendix 6: Software for a description of the common names used for the parameters for these statistical distributions (models).

Since only two data points were available for this group, EGR distributions were not derived by curve-fitting. Instead, a probability tree with two alternate distributions (rectangular and normal) was employed where each distribution was given equal weight.

Figure A5.23.3. Cumulative Distribution for the Exponential Reference Growth Rate (EGR) at 5 °C - High Growth Salads

Table A5.23.7. Models Used to Characterize the Cumulative Distribution for Exponential Growth Rates - High Growth Deli Salads
ModelParameter 1Parameter 2Parameter 3Parameter 4Probability
Rectangular0.1000.143  0.5
Normal0.1220.030406  0.5
Table A5.23.8. Mean, Standard Deviation and Number of Samples (N) for Exponential Growth Rate (EGR) at 5°C
 Mean (log10 cfu/g/day)Std. Dev.N
High Growth0.1220.302
Low Growth-0.1430.13419
Table A5.23.9. Maximum Growth at Various Temperatures
Temperature (°C)<55-7>7
Maximum Growth
(log 10 cfu/g)
56.58