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Macroanalytical Procedures Manual (MPM)

 

FDA Technical Bulletin Number 5
Macroanalytical Procedures Manual
1984; Electronic Version 1998

The Macroanalytical Procedures Manual is currently being revised to update its content and add new material. In the interim, we have converted the original 1984 edition of the manual for display on the FDA website. This website version was produced as a cooperative effort between the editors and the Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (CFSAN). Our purpose is to provide access to the out-of-print 1984 manual until the revised edition is available.

 

Table of Contents 

Editor's Preface
I.IntroductionI-1
 (1)Definition of Macroanalytical MethodsI-1
 (2)Advantages and Limitations of Macroanalytical MethodsI-1
 (3)Scope of the Macroanalytical Procedures ManualI-2
 (4)Legal AspectsI-2
 (5)Determination of DefectsI-1
 (6)Sampling MethodsI-1
II.Apparatus for Macroanalytical MethodsII-1
III.Reagents for Macroanalytical MethodsIII-1
IV.Special TechniquesIV-1
 (1)X-Ray RadiographyIV-1
 (2)Determination of the Direction of Insect Penetration of Food PackagingIV-2
 (3)Microscopic Confirmation of Decomposition and RotIV-4
 (4)Detection and Recovery of Live InsectsIV-4
V.Macroanalytical MethodsV-1
 1.Beverage and Beverage MaterialsV-1
  A.Method for Coffee BeansV-1
 2.Bakery Products, Cereals, and Alimentary PastesV-12
  A.Method for Bakery Products, Cooked Cereals, and Alimentary PastesV-12
  B.Method for Modified Whole GrainsV-13
 3.Grains and Grain ProductsV-15
  A.Method for Wheat, Corn, and Other GrainsV-15
 4.Chocolate, Sugars, and Related ProductsV-18
  A.Method for Cocoa BeansV-18
  B.Method for CandyV-22
 5.Miscellaneous and Multiple Food ProductsV-24
  A.Method for Plant GumsV-24
 6.Dairy, Cheese, and Related ProductsV-26
  A.Method for Casein and Sodium CaseinateV-26
 7.SeafoodV-27
  A.Method for Microscopic Detection of Fish Tissue in Crab Meat or Crab CakesV-27
  B.Method for Determination of Parasites in Fin FishV-28
 8.Spices, Condiments, Flavors, and Crude DrugsV-32
  A.General Method for Spices, Herbs, and BotanicalsV-32
  B.Supplemental Method for Black and White PepperV-39
  C.SUPPLEMENTAL Method for NutmegsV-41
 9.Fruits and Fruit ProductsV-42
  A.Method for Apple ProductsV-42
  B.Method for Decomposition in Blackberries, Raspberries and Other Drupelet BerriesV-44
  C.Method for Decomposition in BlueberriesV-46
  D.Method for CherriesV-48
  E.Method for Canned and Frozen FruitsV-51
  F.Method for Dried FruitsV-53
  G.Method for Grape ProductsV-59
  H.Method for Jams, Preserves, and JelliesV-61
  I.Method for LingonberriesV-64
  J.Method for MincemeatV-66
  K.Method for OlivesV-67
  L.Method for Pineapple ProductsV-73
  M.Method for RaisinsV-76
  N.Method for Processed StrawberriesV-78
 10.Nuts and Nut ProductsV-81
  A.Method for In-shell and Shelled Tree NutsV-81
  B.Method for Peanuts and Peanut SiftingsV-89
  C.Method for Microscopic Detection of Foreign Plant Tissues in Peanut ButterV-92
 11.Vegetables and Vegetable ProductsV-93
  A.Method for AsparagusV-93
  B.Method for Brussels SproutsV-95
  C.Method for Microscopic Detection of Substitute Vegetable Tissues in Ground HorseradishV-96
  D.Method for LettuceV-98
  E.Method for Mushroom ProductsV-100
  F.Method for the Reservation and Identification of MushroomsV-102
  G.Method for Peas and Beans (Canned, Frozen, and Dried)V-104
  H.Method for Pickled Vegetables and RelishV-108
  I.Method for PimientosV-111
  J.Method for Potato ChipsV-113
  K.Method for Corn HusksV-115
  L.Method for Garlic BulbsV-117
 12.Cosmetic ProductsV-119
  A.Method for Cosmetic BrushesV-119
VI.Applications of Macroanalytical Methods to Field Testing and Factory SamplesVI-1
 (1)IntroductionVI-1
 (2)Wharf ExaminationVI-1
 (3)Field applications of Macroanalytical MethodsVI-2
 (4)Application of Macroanalytical Methods of Factory SamplesVI-7
GlossaryG-1
Index of Tables and Figures 

Alan R. Olsen, Editor
Sherry A. Knight, Technical Editor
George C. Ziobro, Ph.D., Associate Editor

 

Editors' Preface

The Macroanalytical Procedures Manual is currently being revised to update its content and add new material. In the interim, we have converted the original 1984 edition of the manual for display on the FDA website. This website version was produced as a cooperative effort between the editors and the Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (CFSAN). Our purpose is to provide access to the out-of-print 1984 manual until the revised edition is available.

As editors, we have tried to faithfully restore the website manuscript its original 1984 content and format. None of the methods have been changed. Where appropriate, we have inserted clearly marked editorial comments that alert users to potential changes or other useful information. In addition, we have updated (as far as possible) references to methods published by AOAC International in their compendium "Official Methods of Analysis" and to FDA Compliance Policy Guidelines.

We deeply appreciate and herein acknowledge the guidance of John C. Gecan (CFSAN) throughout the project.

We welcome any and all comments about the manual and its revision. Please address comments to the appropriate editor:

Content Editor: Alan R. Olsen, Microanalytical Entomology Specialist (Retired)
Formerly at
U.S. Food and Drug Administration
1431 Harbor Bay Parkway
Alameda, CA 94502
/ / / @ora.fda.gov

Technical Editor: Sherry A. Knight, Entomology Coordinator
U.S. Food and Drug Administration
1431 Harbor Bay Parkway
Alameda, CA 94502
sknight@ora.fda.gov
 

Associate and Web Editor: George C. Ziobro, Ph.D., Research Chemist (*)
U.S. Food and Drug Administration
Microanalytical Branch (HFS-316)
200 C. St. S.W.
Washington, DC 20204
gziobro@bangate.fda.gov

Electronic version 1998


 * Updated contact information:
U.S. Food and Drug Administration
Division of Natural Products (HFS-316)
5100 Paint Branch Parkway
College Park, MD 20740-3835
George.Ziobro@fda.hhs.gov

 


 

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