September 24, 2014: FDA has issued Warning Letters to three firms marketing products that claim to prevent, treat or cure infection by the Ebola virus. There are no approved treatments for Ebola available for purchase on the Internet. more
October 10, 2014: FDA authorized emergency use of two Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) diagnostic tests to detect the Ebola Zaire virus in individuals in affected areas with signs and symptoms of Ebola virus infection and/or epidemiological risk factors. The CDC Ebola Virus NP Real-time RT-PCR Assay and the CDC Ebola Virus VP40 Real-time RT-PCR Assay can test for the virus in whole blood, serum, and plasma specimens, and can also be used with urine specimens when tested in conjunction with whole blood, serum, or plasma from the same patient. Use of these tests is limited to qualified laboratories designated by the CDC. more
October 10, 2014: Upon request from the U.S. Department of Defense (DoD), FDA has reissued the August 5, 2014 Emergency Use Authorization (EUA) for use of a DoD diagnostic test to detect the Ebola Zaire virus. The test is designed for use in individuals, including DoD personnel, who may be at risk of infection as a result of the outbreak. The reissued EUA replaces the August 5, 2014 EUA. The EUA has been amended to expand the types of specimens that can be tested to include whole blood and plasma, in addition to blood or plasma that has been treated to make the sample non-infectious. The August 5 letter of authorization, fact sheets, and instructions for use have all been reissued to reflect this amendment. more
August 5, 2014:(see note above about update on October 10, 2014)Emergency Use Authorization for DoD EZ1 Real-time RT-PCR Assay for the presumptive detection of Ebola Zaire virus - FDA has authorized the use of an in vitro diagnostic test developed by the U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) to detect the Ebola Zaire virus. The agency has authorized its use in laboratories designated by DoD to help facilitate effective response to the ongoing Ebola outbreak in West Africa. (Related: August 12, 2014Federal Register notice - HHS Declaration Regarding Emergency Use of In Vitro Diagnostics for Detection of Ebola; September 17, 2014 Federal Register notice - Authorization of Emergency Use of an In Vitro Diagnostic Device for Detection of Ebola Zaire Virus)
June 10, 2014: Emergency Use Authorization (Potential Emergency) for CDC IVD for MERS-CoV - In response to CDC’s request to amend this EUA, on June 10, 2014 FDA reissued the June 5, 2013 EUA in its entirety with the CDC-requested amendments incorporated. The amendments authorize the expanded use of the CDC assay to include testing persons who may not be exhibiting signs and symptoms associated with MERS-CoV infection, but who meet certain epidemiological risk factors. The EUA amendments also include a new fact sheet for contacts of MERS cases and revisions/updates to the instructions for use and fact sheets for patients and health care professionals. This device will be distributed by CDC to qualified laboratories.
January 2, 2014: FDA issued a PAHPRA question and answer document (PDF, 762 KB) to respond to questions raised by public health stakeholders about PAHPRA’s amendments to the EUA authority and establishment of new authorities related to the emergency use of MCMs during CBRN emergencies
October 16, 2014: FDA updates on saline drug shortage - In response to the ongoing shortage of 0.9% sodium chloride injection (normal saline), B. Braun Medical Inc. of Bethlehem, Pa., will temporarily distribute normal saline in the United States from its manufacturing facility in Germany. FDA is temporarily exercising its discretion regarding the distribution of B. Braun’s saline product from Germany, in addition to Baxter’s saline product from Spain and Fresenius Kabi’s saline product from Norway, to help address this critical shortage, which poses a serious threat to patients. more