Medicines in My Home
Middle School - Grades 6 through 8
Rationale and Goal
Over-the-counter (OTC) medicines are commonly used in the home Family members from adolescence to adulthood need to know how to choose, use and store OTC medicines safely.
FDA has seen literature that suggests adolescents as young as 11 or 12 may begin self-medicating with over-the-counter medicines. Adolescents this age may also be left alone after or before school, and may be asked to care for other children. Concerned that students this young likely lack the knowledge, skills and abilities to make decisions about medicine and use medicine safely without adult permission and supervision, FDA developed the MIMH educational program to be taught in classrooms. Materials were included that students can share with their family, so the family can work together to establish good habits.
The PowerPoint lesson and Interactive Home use scenarios to teach the student about the Drug Facts label. They can be used separately or together to achieve and reinforce learning objectives. Students can take the Interactive Home modules at their own pace. Teachers can assign modules as homework or an in-class activity, and then lead a discussion in the classroom. The elements are also adaptable for opt-out, after-school, extension and other educational settings.
Print materials for the classroom support instruction and the learner’s classroom experience. Home materials can be used to extend the classroom learning to the home where OTC medicines are used. The learner can also share the home materials with family members. With these materials, the entire family can learn about over-the-counter medicines and how to use them so they are safe and effective.
- Read the Drug Facts label to choose and use the medicine safely.
- Children and adolescents should use medicines only if an adult has given permission.
- Know the active ingredients in your medicines, and don’t use two medicines with the same active ingredient together.
- Use medicine measuring tools to measure liquid medicines.
- Ask your doctor or pharmacist if you have questions about your medicine.
After completing the PowerPoint lesson, the student will:
- Understand what prescription and OTC medicines are, and:
- the ways they are the same and different.
- they have to follow the information on the label and from health care professionals to use medicines safely.
- Be able to identify:
- the different sections of the OTC medicine's Drug Facts label and know why it is important to read, understand and follow them every time medicine is used.
- the active ingredient(s) in a medicine and what it/they treat(s) (purpose and use).
- what kinds of problems and symptoms OTC medicines can treat.
- that children and adolescents need to get permission from an adult before they use any medicine.
- that liquid medicines for infants and children are not the same.
- to measure liquid medicines correctly, they need to use measuring tools made for medicines.
- to only use active ingredients that treat symptoms or problems they have.
- that two medicines with the same active ingredient shouldn’t be used together.
- how to get more information about their medicines.
- After completing the Interactive Home, in addition to the objectives above, the student will:
- know how to store medicine safely.
- have practiced using the sections of the Drug Facts label to make medicine choices.