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U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

Animal & Veterinary

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CVM Posts Page on Web Site About Veterinary NSAIDs

FDA Veterinarian Newsletter 2006 Volume XVII, No IV

The Center for Veterinary Medicine (CVM) has posted information on its Web site about veterinary non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID), which are in a class of drugs that are effective in controlling pain and inflammation in dogs. The page, “Veterinary Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs,” is on CVM’s Web site at http://www.fda.gov/cvm/nsaids.htm.

In veterinary medicine, approved veterinary NSAIDs are used to control the pain of osteoarthritis in dogs, and some are approved for the control of postoperative pain in dogs. NSAIDs also control inflammation—the body’s response to irritation or injury and is characterized by redness, warmth, swelling, and pain—by blocking the production of prostaglandins, the body-generated chemicals that cause inflammation.

Although NSAIDs can give dogs significant relief from pain and inflammation, like all commonly prescribed drugs, they can present risks, and dog owners need to be aware that problems can arise from these drugs.

According to information CVM obtained from post-marketing surveillance, some dog owners are inadequately informed about the dosage and administration of the drugs, known risks, and clinical signs to watch for in their pets taking NSAIDs.

All NSAIDs approved for oral use in dogs come with a Client Information Sheet (also known as the Information for Dog Owner Sheet) that provide dog owners with important information in a user-friendly manner regarding what can be expected from use of the drug and what side effects to look for. These information sheets are intended for distribution by the veterinarian to the client at the time an NSAID is prescribed for a dog.

CVM has received reports indicating that veterinarians are not always providing dog owners with Client Information Sheets. Consequently, some dog owners might not know the common side effects of the drugs or what to do if their pets experience side effects.

CVM’s new NSAID Web page provides consumers with links to package inserts and Client Information Sheets for NSAIDs that are approved for oral use in dogs. Those specific links can be found at http://www.fda.gov/cvm/-currentlabels.html.

The page also has links to other information about NSAIDs, including:

  • CVM public statements to reporters and others, labeled “CVM -Updates”;
  • Guidance Documents; and
  • Adverse Drug Experience report information.

Any questions or comments about this page may be directed to the CVM Web Manager, Deborah Brooks. Direct an e-mail to: Deborah.Brooks@FDA.HHS.GOV.