Animal & Veterinary
FDA Investigates Improper Disposal of Bioengineered Pigs
FDA Veterinarian Newsletter March/April 2003 Volume XVIII, No 2
FDA and the Center for Veterinary Medicine continue to investigate the improper release of some experimental hogs to a livestock dealer from an experiment in transgenics by the University of Illinois, officials said.
The University has been “very cooperative” during the investigation, reports Mr. John Matheson, Senior Regulatory Scientist at CVM.
An FDA investigation conducted at the end of January revealed that the University had released 386 hogs from the experiment. The University has said that the hogs did not contain the genetic construct of the parent stock.
The Agency believes that, based on present information, this incident poses no public health risk. Nevertheless, if confirmed, it would represent a significant breach of the FDA requirements for this study. To date, this appears to be an isolated incident in which measures already in place to dispose of experimental transgenic animals may not have been followed.
Recent FDA inspections of research facilities at the University of Illinois at Urbana/Champaign indicate that between April 2001 and January 2003 University researchers released 386 pigs from these studies to a livestock dealer. The researchers claim that these pigs, which were the offspring of transgenic animals, did not inherit the inserted genetic material from their parents—that is, they were not themselves transgenic. However, FDA cannot verify this assertion because the researchers did not conduct sufficient evaluation or keep sufficient records for FDA to assess whether the offspring inherited the inserted genetic material.
Because these were experimental animals, FDA had not yet determined the safety or efficacy of the genetic material they contained. The genes were engineered so that the proteins would be produced primarily, if not exclusively, in the mammary glands of lactating sows. None of the pigs sent to slaughter are believed to have been old enough to lactate. Therefore, FDA does not believe that any product derived from these animals would have to be removed from commerce for public health reasons, and USDA concurs.
In collaboration with USDA, FDA is continuing to carefully examine the records and practices of the individual researchers and the University. Under the terms of the study protocols, animals involved in this particular study were to have been destroyed by incineration or rendering to prevent their introduction into the human food supply. Based on its current findings, FDA has issued both the University of Illinois and the individual investigators involved in this case a notice of its inspectional observations. FDA will take further action based on the results of the investigation.