Animal & Veterinary
FDA Announces Availability of the 2007 NARMS Retail Meat Annual Report and Summary
September 3, 2009
The Food and Drug Administrations Center for Veterinary Medicine (CVM) is announcing the availability of the 2007 National Antimicrobial Resistance Monitoring System (NARMS) Retail Meat Annual Report on its website. A summary of highlights from the 2007 report is also available.
The primary purpose of the NARMS retail meat surveillance program is to monitor the prevalence of antimicrobial resistance (AR) among foodborne bacteria, in particular, Salmonella, Campylobacter, Enterococcus and E. coli. The results generated by the NARMS retail meat program are summarized in the report and serve as a reference point for identifying and analyzing trends in antimicrobial resistance among these organisms.
Food animal products destined for human consumption are known to harbor enteric bacteria, including zoonotic foodborne pathogens. Antimicrobial resistance among these organisms may be associated with the use of antimicrobial agents in food animals. Retail meats represent a point of exposure close to the consumer and, when combined with data from slaughter plants and on-farm studies, provide insights into the prevalence of AR in foodborne pathogens originating from food animals. In order to gain a better understanding of AR among enteric bacteria in the food supply, the NARMS program monitors antimicrobial susceptibility/resistance phenotypes in bacteria isolated from retail meats.
NARMS retail meat surveillance is an ongoing collaboration between FDA/CVM, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), and the Foodborne Diseases Active Surveillance Network (FoodNet). During 2007, the following FoodNet laboratories participated: California, Colorado, Connecticut, Georgia, Minnesota, New Mexico, New York, Oregon and Tennessee. Retail meats are collected at the various FoodNet sites and cultured for the presence of selected organisms. Bacterial isolates are then sent to FDA/CVM for confirmation of species, antimicrobial susceptibility testing, and genetic analysis.
Questions about the NARMS Retail Meat 2007 Report should be directed to Dr. Patrick McDermott, 301-210-4213, Patrick.McDermott@FDA.HHS.gov.