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U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

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Activists in the 1906 Legislation Campaign

Each of these listings had a contemporary connection with the 1906 Pure Food and Drugs Act. The list was assembled with the idea that their successors (* if known) may have an interest in sustaining and expanding old partnerships with FDA or in creating new ones and may also have archival and/or photographic records useful in depicting food and drug issues from the turn of the century to the present.

 

Professional/Academic Groups

  • Albany Medical College (*)
  • American Association for the Advancement of Science (*) -- formed in 1848; formed subsection on chemistry in 1874
  • American Chemical Society (*)
  • American Historical Association (*)
  • American Medical Association (*)
    • Council on Pharmacy and Chemistry
    • Committee on Medical Legislation
  • American Medical Temperance Association
  • American Pharmaceutical Association (*)
  • American Public Health Association (*)
  • Association of Official Agricultural (now Analytic) Chemists (*AOAC) Association of State Dairy, Food and Drug Officials of the U.S. (* AFDO)
  • British Society of Public Analysts (*)
  • Bureau of Medicine and Surgery of the U.S. Navy (*)
  • Chicago College of Pharmacy, C.S.N. Hallberg
  • College of Physicians and Surgeons, NY
  • Johns Hopkins University (*)
  • Louisville (KY) College of Pharmacy
  • National Board of Health
  • National Board of Tea Experts
  • National Board of Trade (*)
  • National Dairy Union
  • National Tuberculosis Association (* now National Lung Association)
  • New York College of Pharmacy
  • New York Medical Society (*)
  • Massachusetts General Hospital (*)
  • Marine Hospital Service (* predecessor of Public Health Service)
  • Massachusetts State Board of Health (*)
  • Medical Society of the District of Columbia
  • Medical Society of the State of New York (*)
  • Michigan Agricultural College (*)
  • Michigan State Board of Health (*)
  • National Formulary (*)
  • Philadelphia College of Pharmacy, Joseph P. Remington (*)
  • Rush Medical College, Walter S. Haines
  • Rutgers College (*)
  • St. Louis Board of Health (*)
  • University of Michigan, Victor Vaughn (*)
  • University of Wisconsin, Edward Kremers (*)
  • U.S. Army (*)
  • U.S. Bureau of Internal Revenue (*now IRS)
  • U.S. Census Bureau (*)
  • U.S. Department of Agriculture (*)
  • U.S. Department of Labor (*)
  • U.S. Department of Justice (*)
  • U.S. Hay Fever Association (no kidding)
  • U.S. Hygienic Laboratory (* forerunner of PHS/NIH)
  • U.S. Interstate Commerce Commission
  • U.S. Pharmacopeia (*)
  • U.S. Postal Service (*)
  • U.S. Public Health Service (*)
  • U.S. Treasury Department (*)
  • Yale University, Sheffield Scientific School, Russell Chittenden (*)

Trade Associations and Organizations

  • Association of Manufacturers and Distributors of Food Products of the U.S.
  • Manufacturing Chemists Association (formed 1872 with 4 firms)
  • National Association of Wholesale Grocers
  • National Association of Wholesalers and Distillers
  • National Confectioner's Association (*)
  • National Food Manufacturers Association
  • National Association of Retail Druggists (*)
  • National Association of Retail Grocers (*)
  • National Wholesale Druggists Association
  • National Wholesale Liquor Dealer's Association
  • Proprietary Medicine Manufacturers and Dealers Association
  • Women's National Industrial League
  • Wholesale Grocers of Chicago

Consumer Groups

  • Colonial Dames of America (*)
  • Daughters of the American Revolution (*)
  • Equal Suffrage League
  • General Federation of Women's Clubs (*) -- Alice Lakey, NJ State Federation
  • International Ladies Garment Workers Union
  • League of Women Voters (*) -- led by Lucy R. Mason
  • National Congress of Mother's Clubs (* now National PTA)
  • National Consumer's League -- founded 1899 (*)
    • led by Josephine Shaw Lowell -- "white list" met NCL standards; later led by Florence Kelly -- Chicago's first factory inspector
  • National Women's Christian Temperance Union
  • National Council of Women
  • National Council of Jewish Women
  • New York Farmer's Alliance
  • People's Lobby
  • The Grange
  • Union Label League
  • Women's Christian Temperance Union (*)
  • Women's Educational and Industrial Union of Boston (founded 1877)

Magazines/ Journals

Popular

  • Christian Advocate
  • Club Women (GFWC publ.)
  • Collier's Weekly (ran Samuel Hopkins Adams exposes)
  • Congressional Globe
  • Consumer Reports (organ of WCTU, not current)
  • Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper
  • Good Housekeeping (*) Good Housekeeping Institute founded 1901 -- Pure Foods Listings published in 1905 preceeding Act
  • Harper's Weekly
  • Home Sanitarian
  • Ladies Home Journal (1890 - 400,000 subscriptions - Wm. E. Bok, ed. -- ran tirades against proprietary medicines) (*)
  • Keystone (began 1899)
  • National Congress of Mothers Magazine (*now Our Children - organ of National PTA)
  • National Congress of Parents and Teachers
  • National Education Association
  • Nation (*)
  • New York Evening Post
  • New York Times (*)
  • Outlook
  • Popular Science Monthly
  • Saturday Globe
  • Science (*)
  • The Medical Record
  • Union Signal (NWCTU publ.)
  • Woman's Home Companion

Professional
(between 1899 and 1900, over 400 pure food and drug articles appeared in U.S. medical journals -- almost every state had at least one)

  • American Grocer
  • American Home Economics Association
  • Bulletin of the American Medical Temperance Association
  • Journal of the American Medical Association
  • Journal of the American Pharmaceutical Association
  • Journal of the American Public Health Association
  • National Board of Health Bulletin
  • National Farm and Fireside (Virginia State Grange)
  • New York Journal of Pharmacy
  • Sanitary Engineer
  • Transactions of the American Medical Association

Individuals/Companies

  • A & P
  • Andrew W. Mellon (* Andrew W. Mellon Foundation - grants)
  • Armour and Co. (*)
  • Eli Lilly (*)
  • Dr. J.H. Kellogg (*Kelloggs Foundation)
  • G.D. Searle (*)
  • Heinz Company (*Foundation)
  • Hershey (*Hershey Foundation)
  • Hull House, Jane Addams
  • National Biscuit Company (*Nabisco)
  • National Packing Company
  • Parke Davis (*)
  • Royal Baking Powder Co.
  • Smith, Kline, and Co. (*)
  • Edward R. Squibb (*)
  • Swift & Co. (*)

Related Additions

  • Center for Science in the Public Interest
  • Chocolate Manufacturer's Association
  • Consumer Federation of America, Food Policy Institute (*) current director is Carol Tucker Foreman - also has
  • Consumer Federation FOUNDATION
    • FASEB -- founded 1912; now includes: The American Physiological Society ;American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology; American Society for Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics; American Society for Investigative Pathology; American Society for Nutritional Sciences; The American Association of Immunologists; Biophysical Society; American Association of Anatomists; The Protein Society; American Society for Bone & Mineral Research; American Society for Clinical Investigation; The Endocrine Society; The American Society of Human Genetics; Society for Developmental Biology
  • Food and Drug Law Institute
  • Consumer's Union -- Consumer's Research (1929)
  • Harvard's Kennedy School of Government
  • National Coalition for Consumer Education
  • Pharmaceutical Advertising Council
  • Washington Legal Foundation

 

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