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APPENDIX G - FY 2000 OST Annual Report Abbreviations and Acronyms

AAMI American Association for Medical Instrumentation
AAPM American Association of Physicists in Medicine
ACCA Associate Commissioner for Consumer Affairs, OC, FDA, DHHS
ACF Administration for Children and Families, DHHS
ACCME Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education
ACHA Associate Commissioner for Health Affairs, OC, FDA, DHHS
ACLA Associate Commissioner for Legislative Affairs, OC, FDA, DHHS
ACMP American College of Medical Physicists
ACOM Associate Commissioner for Office of Management, OC, FDA
ACPA Associate Commissioner for Public Affairs, OC, FDA, DHHS (Press)
ACPE Associate Commissioner for Planning and Evaluation, OC, FDA, DHHS
ACPE American Council on Pharmaceutical Education
ACR American College of Radiology
ACRA Associate Commissioner for Regulatory Affairs, OC, FDA, DHHS
ADA American Dental Association
ADAMHA Alcohol, Drug Abuse, and Mental Health Administration, PHS, DHHS
AFGE American Federation of Government Employees (Union)
AFIP Armed Forces Institute of Pathology (located at WRAMC), DOD
AHA American Hospital Association
AHCPR Agency for Health Care Policy and Research, PHS, DHHS
AIMBE American Institute of Medical and Biological Engineering
AMA American Medical Association
ANSI American National Standards Institute
ARCRT American Registry of Clinical Radiography Technologists (MQSA)
ARPA Advanced Research Projects Agency
ARRT American Registry of Radiologic Technologists (MQSA)
ASH Assistant Secretary for Health, DHHS
ASPE Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation, DHHS
ASPER Assistant Secretary for Personnel Administration, DHHS
ASTM American Society for Testing and Materials
BRMD Bureau of Radiation and Medical Devices, CANADA
CBER Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research, FDA, DHHS
CC Clinical Center (Warren Magnuson Clinical Center), NIH, DHHS
CEU Continuing Education Unit
CDC/CDCP Centers for Disease Control/Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
CENELEC European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization (French term, English translation)
CDER Center for Drug Evaluation and Research, FDA, DHHS
CDRH Center for Devices and Radiological Health, FDA, DHHS
CFSAN Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition, FDA, DHHS
CIA U.S. Central Intelligence Agency (Headquarters: Arlington, VA)
CIRMS Council on Ionizing Radiation Measurements and Standards, NIST
CLIA Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendments of 1988
CME Continuing Medical Education
CRADA Cooperative Research and Development Agreement
CRCPD Conference of Radiation Control Program Directors
CTIA Cellular Telephone Industry Association
CVM Center for Veterinary Medicine, FDA, DHHS
DASH Deputy Assistant Secretary for Health, OASH, DHHS
DCP Division of Commissioned Personnel, OASH, OSG (Parklawn Building)
DHHS U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
DHSS Department of Health and Social Security, ENGLAND
DOC U.S. Department of Commerce
DOD U.S. Department of Defense
DOL U.S. Department of Labor
DOE U.S. Department of Energy
DOT U.S. Department of Transportation
ECRI Emergency Care Research Institute (no longer uses name - initials only)
EEO Equal Employment Opportunity Act
EMBS Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, IEEE
ERIM Environmental Research Institute of Michigan
FAA Federal Aeronautics Administration
FBI Federal Bureau of Investigation, Department of Justice
FCC Federal Communications Commission
FCCSET Federal Coordinating Council for Science, Engineering and Technology,
FIC Fogarty International Center, NIH, DHHS
FDLI Food and Drug Law Institute
FDA U.S. Food and Drug Administration, PHS, DHHS
FOIA Freedom of Information Act
FTC U.S. Federal Trade Commission
GAO General Accounting Office
GC General Counsel, FDA (now Office of Chief Counsel, FDA)
GPRA Government Performance and Results Act
GPRE Government Program Review and Evaluation
GSA General Services Administration
HCFA Health Care Financing Administration
HIMA Health Industry Manufacturers Association
HRG Health Research Group (Public Citizen: Ralph Nader-Dr. Sidney Wolfe) (Consumers Health Political Action Committee PAC)
HRSA Health Resources and Services Administration, PHS, DHHS
ICRP International Commission on Radiological Protection
ICRU International Commission on Radiation Units and Measurements
IEC International Electrotechnical Commission
IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers, Inc.
IFIP International Federation for Information Processing
IG Inspector General, OIG, DHHS
IHS Indian Health Service, DHHS
INNS International Neural Networks Society
INS U.S. Immigration and Naturalization Service
IOM Institute of Medicine, NAS
IRB Institutional Review Board
IRS U.S. Internal Revenue Service
ISO International Standards Organization
JCAHCA Joint Commission on Accreditation of Health Care Organizations
NAAP National Association of Apnea Professionals
NAS National Academy of Sciences
NBS National Bureau of Standards, DOC (No longer exists: See NIST),
NCCLS National Committee for Clinical Laboratory Science
NCHS National Center for Health Statistics, CDCP, DHHS
NCHGR National Center for Human Genome Research, NIH, DHHS
NCI National Cancer Institute, NIH, DHHS
NCNR National Center for Nursing Research, NIH, DHHS
NCRP National Council on Radiation Protection
NCTR National Center for Toxicological Research, FDA, DHHS
NEI National Eye Institute, NIH, DHHS
NEMA National Electrical Manufacturers Association
NHLBI National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, NIH, DHHS
NIA National Institute on Aging, NIH, DHHS
NIAAA National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, NIH, DHHS
NIAID National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, NIH, DHHS
NIAMSK National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases, NIH, DHHS
NICHHD National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, NIH,
NIDCD National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders, NIH, DHHS
NIDA National Institute on Drug Abuse, NIH, DHHS
NIDDKD National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, NIH
NIDR National Institute of Dental Research, NIH, DHHS
NIEHS National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, NIH, DHHS
NIGMS National Institute of General Medical Sciences, NIH, DHHS
NIMH National Institute of Mental Health, NIH, DHHS
NINDS National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, NIH, DHHS
NIH National Institutes of Health
NIOSH National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, CDCP, DHHS
NIST National Institute of Standards and Technology, DOC (formerly NBS)
NLM National Library of Medicine, NIH, DHHS
NMQAAC National Mammography Quality Assurance Advisory Committee, FDA
NRC National Research Council
NRC U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission
NSA U.S. National Security Agency (Headquarters: Fort Meade, MD)
NSF National Science Foundation
NOAA National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration
NVLAP National Association of Voluntary Laboratory Accreditation Practices
OC Office of the Commissioner, FDA
OCA U.S. Office of Consumer Affairs
OCC Office of the Chief Counsel, FDA (formerly OGC)
OCR Office for Civil Rights, DHHS
OHA Office of Health Affairs, FDA, DHHS
OIG Office of the Inspector General
OLA Office of Legislative Affairs, OC, FDA, DHHS
OMB Office of Management and Budget
OPA Office of Public Affairs, OC, FDA, DHHS (Press Office/Relations)
OPE Office of Planning and Evaluation, FDA, DHHS
ORA Office of Regulatory Affairs, FDA, DHHS
OPM Office of Personnel Management
OS Office of the Secretary, DHHS
OSG Office of the Surgeon General, PHS, DHHS (Commissioned Corps)
OSHA Occupational Safety and Health Administration
PAC Political Action Committee
PAHO Pan-American Health Organization, WHO, UN
PHS U.S. Public Health Service
RESNA Rehabilitation Engineering Society of North America, ANSI
RSNA Radiological Society of North America
SAMHSA Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, DHHS
SCVIR Society for Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
SMDA Safe Medical Devices Act of 1990
SNL Sandia National Laboratories
SPIE Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers
SSA Social Security Administration (formerly part of DHHS)
SSRCR Suggested State Regulations for Control of Radiation
UL Underwriters Laboratories
UN United Nations
USDA U.S. Department of Agriculture
WCNN World Congress of Neural Networks
WEAC Winchester Engineering and Analytical Center, FDA, DHHS
WHO World Health Organization, UN
WRAIR Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, WRAMC, U.S. Army
WRAMC Walter Reed Army Medical Center, U.S. Army
DDL Devices and Diagnostics Letter (also known as The Orange Sheet) (Weekly Trade Magazine)
DCRND Division of Cardiovascular, Respiratory and Neurological Devices, ODE
DCLD Divison of Clinical Laboratory Devices, ODE
DECS Division of Electronics and Computer Science, OST
DGRD Division of General and Restorative Devices, ODE
DLS Division of Life Sciences, OST
DMISS Division of Management, Information and Support Services, OST
DMMS Division of Mechanics and Materials Science, OST
DMQRP Division of Mammography Quality and Radiation Programs, OHIP
DOD Division of Ophthalmic Devices, ODE
DPS Division of Physical Sciences, OST
DRAERD Division of Reproductive, Abdominal, ENT, & Radiological Devices, ODE
EIR Establishment Inspection Report
EMC Electromagnetic Capability
EMI Electromagnetic Interference
ERC NSF Engineering Research Center, Duke University (National Science Foundation)
510(k) Five-Ten K: Premarket Notification of New Medical Device (Clearance Based on a Similar, Previously Cleared Device)
HL High Level or High-Level Control
IDE Investigational Device Exemption
IND Investigational New Device (or Drug) (application for transitional devices)
IAG Interagency Agreement
kVp Measurement of Meters (as in kVp Meters)
MDDI Medical Devices, Diagnostics & Instrumentation (also known as The Gray Sheet) (Weekly Trade Magazine))
MDH X-ray radiation instrument used by FDA in its inspections (originally marketed by a company called MDH)
MDR Mandatory Device Reporting Program
MON Memorandum (Memoranda) of Need
MQC Mammography Quality Control (as in MQC Manual)
MQSA Mammography Quality Standards Act of 1992
MRI Magnetic Resonance Imaging (formerly nuclear magnetic resonance)
MRS Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy
NEXT Nationwide Evaluation X-ray Trends (Data Bank)
NSWL Naval Surface Warfare Laboratory (in White Oak, Silver Spring)
NVLAP National Voluntary Laboratory Accredited Program, (NIST, DOC) (MQSA)
OCD Office of the Center Director, CDRH, FDA, DHHS
OC Office of Compliance, CDRH, FDA
ODE Office of Device Evaluation, CDRH, FDA
OHIP Office of Health and Industry Programs, CDRH, FDA
OSM Office of Systems and Management, CDRH, FDA
OPA Office of Public Affairs, FDA, DHHS (Press Office)
ORA Office of Regulatory Affairs, FDA, DHHS (field offices)
OSB Office of Surveillance and Biometrics, CDRH, FDA
OST Office of Science and Technology, CDRH, FDA
PDP Product Development Protocol
PMA/PMAA Pre-Market Approval Application
PMS Post-Market Surveillance
QA Quality Assurance
QC Quality Control
RIHSC Research Involving Human Subjects Committee, FDA
ROC Receiver Operating Characteristic Curve
RRHR Regional Radiological Health Representative, FDA
SCLIR Secondary Calibration Laboratories for Ionizing Radiation
SIDS Sudden Infant Death Syndrome
TEPRSSC Technical Electronic Product Radiation Safety Standards Committee, CDRH, FDA, DHHS
TMJ Temporomandibular Joint
TQM Total Quality Management