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APPENDIX H - FY 2003 OSEL Annual Report Abbreviations and Acronyms

  AAMI - American Association for Medical Instrumentation
  AAPM - American Association of Physicists in Medicine
  ACCA - Associate Commissioner for Consumer Affairs, OC, FDA, DHHS
  ACF - Administration for Children and Families, DHHS
  ACCME - Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education
  ACHA - Associate Commissioner for Health Affairs, OC, FDA, DHHS
  ACLA - Associate Commissioner for Legislative Affairs, OC, FDA, DHHS
  ACMP - American College of Medical Physicists
  ACOM - Associate Commissioner for Office of Management, OC, FDA
  ACPA - Associate Commissioner for Public Affairs, OC, FDA, DHHS (Press)
  ACPE - Associate Commissioner for Planning and Evaluation, OC, FDA, DHHS
  ACPE - American Council on Pharmaceutical Education
  ACR - American College of Radiology
  ACRA - Associate Commissioner for Regulatory Affairs, OC, FDA, DHHS
  ADA - American Dental Association
  ADAMHA - Alcohol, Drug Abuse, and Mental Health Administration, PHS, DHHS
  AFGE - American Federation of Government Employees (Union)
  AFIP - Armed Forces Institute of Pathology (located at WRAMC), DOD
  AHA - American Hospital Association
  AHCPR - Agency for Health Care Policy and Research, PHS, DHHS
  AIMBE - American Institute of Medical and Biological Engineering
  AMA - American Medical Association
  ANSI - American National Standards Institute
  ARCRT - American Registry of Clinical Radiography Technologists (MQSA)
  ARPA - Advanced Research Projects Agency
  ARRT - American Registry of Radiologic Technologists (MQSA)
  ASH - Assistant Secretary for Health, DHHS
  ASPE - Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation, DHHS
  ASPER - Assistant Secretary for Personnel Administration, DHHS
  ASTM - American Society for Testing and Materials
  BRMD - Bureau of Radiation and Medical Devices, CANADA
  CBER - Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research, FDA, DHHS
  CC - Clinical Center (Warren Magnuson Clinical Center), NIH, DHHS
  CEU - Continuing Education Unit
  CDC/CDCP - Centers for Disease Control/Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
  CENELEC - European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization (French term, English translation)
  CDER - Center for Drug Evaluation and Research, FDA, DHHS
  CDRH - Center for Devices and Radiological Health, FDA, DHHS
  CFSAN - Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition, FDA, DHHS
  CIA - U.S. Central Intelligence Agency (Headquarters: Arlington, VA)
  CIRMS - Council on Ionizing Radiation Measurements and Standards, NIST
  CLIA - Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendments of 1988
  CME - Continuing Medical Education
  CRADA - Cooperative Research and Development Agreement
  CRCPD - Conference of Radiation Control Program Directors
  CTIA - Cellular Telephone Industry Association
  CVM - Center for Veterinary Medicine, FDA, DHHS
  DASH - Deputy Assistant Secretary for Health, OASH, DHHS
  DCP - Division of Commissioned Personnel, OASH, OSG (Parklawn Building)
  DHHS - U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
  DHSS - Department of Health and Social Security, ENGLAND
  DOC - U.S. Department of Commerce
  DOD - U.S. Department of Defense
  DOL - U.S. Department of Labor
  DOE - U.S. Department of Energy
  DOT - U.S. Department of Transportation
  ECRI - Emergency Care Research Institute (no longer uses name—initials only)
  EEO - Equal Employment Opportunity Act
  EMBS - Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, IEEE
  ERIM - Environmental Research Institute of Michigan
  FAA - Federal Aeronautics Administration
  FBI - Federal Bureau of Investigation, Department of Justice
  FCC - Federal Communications Commission
  FCCSET - Federal Coordinating Council for Science, Engineering and Technology,
  FIC - Fogarty International Center, NIH, DHHS
  FDA - U.S. Food and Drug Administration, PHS, DHHS
  FDAMA - Food and Drug Administration Modernization Act of 1997
  FDLI - Food and Drug Law Institute
  FOIA - Freedom of Information Act
  FTC - U.S. Federal Trade Commission
  GAO - General Accounting Office
  GC - General Counsel, FDA (now Office of Chief Counsel, FDA)
  GPRA - Government Performance and Results Act
  GPRE - Government Program Review and Evaluation
  GSA - General Services Administration
  HCFA - Health Care Financing Administration
  HIMA - Health Industry Manufacturers Association
  HRG - Health Research Group (Public Citizen: Ralph Nader-Dr. Sidney Wolfe)
      (Consumers Health Political Action Committee - PAC)
  HRSA - Health Resources and Services Administration, PHS, DHHS
  ICRP - International Commission on Radiological Protection
  ICRU - International Commission on Radiation Units and Measurements
  IEC - International Electrotechnical Commission
  IEEE - Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers, Inc.
  IFIP - International Federation for Information Processing
  IG - Inspector General, OIG, DHHS
  IHS - Indian Health Service, DHHS
  INNS - International Neural Networks Society
  INS - U.S. Immigration and Naturalization Service
  IOM - Institute of Medicine, NAS
  IRB - Institutional Review Board
  IRS - U.S. Internal Revenue Service
  ISO - International Standards Organization
  JCAHCA - Joint Commission on Accreditation of Health Care Organizations
  MDUFMA - Medical Device User Fee and Modernization Act of 2002
  NAAP - National Association of Apnea Professionals
  NAS - National Academy of Sciences
  NBS - National Bureau of Standards, DOC (No longer exists: See NIST),
  NCCLS - National Committee for Clinical Laboratory Science
  NCHS - National Center for Health Statistics, CDCP, DHHS
  NCHGR - National Center for Human Genome Research, NIH, DHHS
  NCI - National Cancer Institute, NIH, DHHS
  NCNR - National Center for Nursing Research, NIH, DHHS
  NCRP - National Council on Radiation Protection
  NCTR - National Center for Toxicological Research, FDA, DHHS
  NEI - National Eye Institute, NIH, DHHS
  NEMA - National Electrical Manufacturers Association
  NHLBI - National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, NIH, DHHS
  NIA - National Institute on Aging, NIH, DHHS
  NIAAA - National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, NIH, DHHS
  NIAID - National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, NIH, DHHS
  NIAMSK - National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases, NIH, DHHS
  NICHHD - National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, NIH,
  NIDCD - National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders, NIH, DHHS NIDA
  NIDA - National Institute on Drug Abuse, NIH, DHHS
  NIDDKD - National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, NIH NIDR - National Institute of Dental Research, NIH,          DHHS
  NIEHS - National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, NIH, DHHS
  NIGMS - National Institute of General Medical Sciences, NIH, DHHS
  NIMH - National Institute of Mental Health, NIH, DHHS
  NINDS - National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, NIH, DHHS
  NIH - National Institutes of Health
  NIOSH - National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, CDCP, DHHS
  NIST - National Institute of Standards and Technology, DOC (formerly NBS)
  NLM - National Library of Medicine, NIH, DHHS
  NMQAAC - National Mammography Quality Assurance Advisory Committee, FDA
  NRC - National Research Council
  NRC - U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission
  NSA - U.S. National Security Agency (Headquarters: Fort Meade, MD)
  NSF - National Science Foundation
  NOAA - National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration
  NVLAP - National Association of Voluntary Laboratory Accreditation Practices
  OC - Office of the Commissioner, FDA
  OCA - U.S. Office of Consumer Affairs
  OCC - Office of the Chief Counsel, FDA (formerly OGC)
  OCR - Office for Civil Rights, DHHS
  OHA - Office of Health Affairs, FDA, DHHS
  OIG - Office of the Inspector General
  OLA - Office of Legislative Affairs, OC, FDA, DHHS
  OMB - Office of Management and Budget
  OPA - Office of Public Affairs, OC, FDA, DHHS (Press Office/Relations)
  OPE - Office of Planning and Evaluation, FDA, DHHS
  ORA - Office of Regulatory Affairs, FDA, DHHS
  OPM - Office of Personnel Management
  OS - Office of Secretary, DHHS
  OSG - Office of the Surgeon General, PHS, DHHS (Commissioned Corps)
  OSHA - Occupational Safety and Health Administration
  PAC - Political Action Committee
  PAHO - Pan-American Health Organization, WHO, UN
  PHS - U.S. Public Health Service
  RESNA - Rehabilitation Engineering Society of North America, ANSI
  RSNA - Radiological Society of North America
  SAMHSA - Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, DHHS
  SCVIR - Society for Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
  SMDA - Safe Medical Devices Act of 1990
  SNL - Sandia National Laboratories
  SPIE - Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers
  SSA - Social Security Administration (formerly part of DHHS)
  SSRCR - Suggested State Regulations for Control of Radiation
  UL - Underwriters Laboratories
  UN - United Nations
  USDA - U.S. Department of Agriculture
  WCNN - World Congress of Neural Networks
  WEAC - Winchester Engineering and Analytical Center, FDA, DHHS
  WHO - World Health Organization, UN
  WRAIR - Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, WRAMC, U.S. Army
  WRAMC - Walter Reed Army Medical Center, U.S. Army
 
CDRH ABBREVIATIONS AND ACRONYMS
 
DB

- Division of Biology
  DCLD - DivisonDivision of Clinical Laboratory Devices, ODE
  DCMS - Division of Chemistry and Materials Sciences
  DCRND - Division of Cardiovascular, Respiratory and Neurological Devices, ODE
  DDL - Devices and Diagnostics Letter (also known as The Orange Sheet) (Weekly Trade Magazine)
  DECS - Division of Electronics and Computer Science, OST
  DESE - Division of Electronics and Software Engineering
  DGRD - Division of General and Restorative Devices, ODE
  DIAM - Division of Imaging and Applied Mathematics
  DLS - Division of Life Sciences, OST
  DMISS - Division of Management, Information and Support Services, OST
  DMMS - Division of Mechanics and Materials Science, OST
  DMQRP - Division of Mammography Quality and Radiation Programs, OHIP
  DOD - Division of Ophthalmic Devices, ODE
  DP - Division of Physics
  DPS - Division of Physical Sciences, OST
  DRAERD - Division of Reproductive, Abdominal, ENT, & Radiological Devices, ODE EIR - Establishment Inspection Report
  DSFM - Division of Solid and Fluid Mechanics
  EMC - Electromagnetic Capability
  EMI - Electromagnetic Interference
  ERC - NSF Engineering Research Center, Duke University (National Science Foundation)
  510(k) - Five-Ten K: Pre-market Notification of New Medical Device
     (Clearance Based on a Similar, Previously Cleared Device)
  HL - High Level or High-Level Control
  IDE - Investigational Device Exemption
  IND - Investigational New Device (or Drug) (application for transitional devices)
  IAG - Interagency Agreement
  kVp - Measurement of Meters (as in kVp Meters)
  MDDI - Medical Devices, Diagnostics & Instrumentation (also known as The Gray Sheet) (Weekly Trade Magazine))
  MDH - X-ray radiation instrument used by FDA in its inspections (originally marketed by a company called MDH)
  MDR - Mandatory Device Reporting Program
  MON - Memorandum (Memoranda) of Need
  MQC - Mammography Quality Control (as in MQC Manual)
  MQSA - Mammography Quality Standards Act of 1992
  MRI - Magnetic Resonance Imaging (formerly nuclear magnetic resonance)
  MRS - Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy
  NEXT - Nationwide Evaluation X-ray Trends (Data Bank)
  NSWL - Naval Surface Warfare Laboratory (in White Oak, Silver Spring)
  NVLAP - National Voluntary Laboratory Accredited Program, (NIST, DOC) (MQSA)
  OC - Office of Compliance, CDRH, FDA
  OCD - Office of the Center Director, CDRH, FDA, DHHS
  ODE - Office of Device Evaluation, CDRH, FDA
  OHIP - Office of Health and Industry Programs, CDRH, FDA
  OSM - Office of Systems and Management, CDRH, FDA
  OPA - Office of Public Affairs, FDA, DHHS (Press Office)
  ORA - Office of Regulatory Affairs, FDA, DHHS (field offices)
  OSB - Office of Surveillance and Biometrics, CDRH, FDA
  OST - Office of Science and Technology, CDRH, FDA
  PDP - Product Development Protocol
  PMA/PMAA - Pre-Market Approval Application
  PMS - Post-Market Surveillance
  QA - Quality Assurance
  QC - Quality Control
  RIHSC - Research Involving Human Subjects Committee, FDA
  ROC - Receiver Operating Characteristic Curve
  RRHR - Regional Radiological Health Representative, FDA
  SCLIR - Secondary Calibration Laboratories for Ionizing Radiation
  SIDS - Sudden Infant Death Syndrome
  TEPRSSC - Technical Electronic Product Radiation Safety Standards Committee, CDRH, FDA, DHHS
  TMJ - Temporomandibular Joint
  TQM - Total Quality Management