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APPENDIX A – FY 2003 OSEL Publications

October 1, 2002 – September 30, 2003


Journal Articles

Badano A, Kanicki J. Monte Carlo analysis of the spectral photon emission and extraction efficiency of organic light-emitting devices. Journal of Applied Physics, 90(4):1827-1830, August 2001.

Babaro V, Baronlini P, Calcagnini G, Beard BB, Ruggera PS, Witters DM. On the mechanisms of interference between mobile phones and pacemakers: parasitic demodulation of GSM signal by the sensing amplifier. Physics in Medicine and Biology 48:1661-1671, May 20, 2003.

Beard BB, Chang IA. An alternative method for determination of low-frequency specific absorption rate patterns in homogeneous phantoms. Physics in Medicine and Biology 48:2013-2022, June 17, 2002.

Brown SA, Merritt K. Use of containment pans and lids for autoclaving caustic solutions. American Journal of Infection Control 31:257-260, 2003.

Byrnes K, Waynant R., Ilev I, Johnson B, Pollard H, Srivastava M, Eidelman O, Huang W, Anders J. Alteration in gene expression following spinal cord injury and photo-biomodulation. Lasers in Surgery and Medicine S15:41, March 2003.

Chang IA, Beard BB. Precision test apparatus for evaluating the heating pattern of radiofrequency ablation devices. Medical Engineering and Physics 24(9):633-40, (England), November 2002.

Chang IA. Finite element analysis of hepatic rfRF ablation probes using temperature dependent electrical conductivity. Biomedical Engineering Online 2:12 2003.

Chen ET, Nichols J, Duh S-H, Hortin G. Performance Evaluation of Blood Glucose monitoring Devices, Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics 5(5):749-768, 2003.

Desta AB, Owen RD, Cress LW. Non-thermal exposure to radiofrequency energy from digital wireless phones does not affect ornithine decarboxylase activity in L929 cells. Radiation Reserch 160(4):488-91, October 2003.

Forbes PD, Beer JZ, Black HS . S, Cesarini J-P, et al. Standardized protocols for photocarcinogenesis safety testing. Frontiers in Biosciences 8:d848-854, 2003.

Gagne RM, Boswell JS, Myers KJ. Lesion detectability in digital radiography. Medical Physics 30:2180-2193, 2003.

Godar DE, Urbach F, Gasparro FP, van der Leun JC. UV doses of young adults. Photochemistry and Photobiology 77:453-457, 2003.

Goering PL. Toxicological highlight: the road to elucidating the mechanism of manganese-bilirubin-induced cholestasis. Toxicological Sciences 73:216-219, 2003.

Harris GR, O’Brien WD, Abbott JA, Stratmeyer ME, Schafer ME, Siddiqi TA, Merritt CRB, Duck FA, Bendick PJ. . Regulatory background: Acoustic output upper limit proposition: should upper limits be retained? Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine 21:1335-1341, December 2002.

Hutter JC, Luu HMD, Schroeder LW. A biological model of tamponade gases following pneumatic retinopexy. Current Eye Research 25(4):197-206, 2002.

Ilev I, Waynant R, Gorman E, Luedtke R, Byrnes K, Anders J. Combined fiber-optic confocal microscopy for noninvasive optical sensing. SPIE Progress in Biomedical Optics and Imaging 4957:23-28, March 2003.

Ilev I, Waynant R, Byrnes K, Anders J. On-off laser delivery into a precise tissue area using smart tissue-activated fiber probes. IEEE Journal of Selected Topics of Quantum Electronics 9:331-336, April 2003.

Kotsev S, Dushkin C, Ilev I, Nagayama K. Refractive index of transparent nanoparticle films measured by surface plasmon microscopy. Colloid and Polymer Science 281:343-348, April 2003.

Landry RJ, Miller SA, Byrnes G. A study of filtered light on potential photic hazards with operation microscopes used for ocular surgery. Applied Optics 41(4):802-804, 2002.

Lucas A, Merritt K, Hitchins V, Woods T, McNamee S, Lyle D, Brown S. Residual ethylene oxide in medical devices and device material. Journal of Biomedical Materials Research (Applied Biomaterials) 66B(2):548-552, 2003.

Luu HMD, Hutter JC. Bioavailability of octamethylcyclotetrasioloxane (D4) after exposure to silicones by inhalation and implantation. Environmental Healing Perspectives 109(11):1095-1101, 2001.

Kainz W, Chan DD, Casamento JP, Bassen HI. Calculation of induced current densities and specific absorption rates (SAR) for pregnant women exposed to hand-held metal detectors. Physics in Medicine and Biology 48:2551-2560, August 7, 2003.

McDonald LJ, Gauger JR, McCormick DL, Loberg LI, Savage RE Jr., Zhu H, Lotz WG, Mandeville R, Owen RD, Cress LW, Desta AB. Ornithine decarboxylase activity in tissues from rats exposed to 60 hzHz magnetic fields, including harmonics and transient field characteristics. Toxicology Methods 13:31-38, 2003.

Papaconstantinou AD, Goering PL, Umbreit TH, Brown KM. Regulation of uterine hsp90, hsp72, and HSF-1 expression in B6C3F1 mice by ß-estradiol and bisphenol A: involvement of the estrogen receptor and protein kinase C. Toxicology Letters 144(2):257-270, 2003.

Papaconstantinou AD, Brown KM, Fisher BR, Noren BT, McAllister T, and Goering PL. Stress protein synthesis induced in chick embryos by arsenite, mercury, and cadmium. Birth Defects Research (Part B – Developmental and Reproductive Toxicology) 68:456-464, 2003.

Pfefer TJ, Matchette LS, Bennett CL, Gall JA, Wilke JN, Durkin AJ, Ediger, MN. Reflectance-based determination of optical properties in highly attenuating tissue. Journal of Biomedical Optics 8(2):206-215, 2003.

Pfefer TJ, Matchette LS, Ross AM, Ediger MN. Selective detection of fluorophore layers in turbid media: the role of fiberoptic probe design. Optics Letters 28(2):120-122, 2003.

Ruggera PS, Witters DM, von Maltzahn G, Bassen HI. In-vitro assessment of tissue heating near metallic medical implants by exposure to pulsed radio frequency diathermy. Physics in Medicine and Biology 48:2919-2928, September 7, 2003.

Sau S, Bassen HI, Krauthamer V. Method for evaluating optical characteristics of endoscopes for recording fluorescence-related cardiac electrical activity. Applied Optics 41:6725-6730, 2002.

Tadokoro T, Kobayashi N, Zmudzka BZ, Ito S, Wakamatsu K, Yamaguchi Y, Korossy KS, Miller SA, Beer JZ, Hearing VJ. UV-induced DNA damage and melanin content in human skin differing in racial/ethnic origin. FASEB Journal Express, article10.1096/fje. Published online April 8, 2003.

Tadokoro T, Kobayashi N, Zmudzka BZ, Ito S, Wakamatsu K, Yamaguchi Y, Korossy KS, Miller SA, Beer JZ, Hearing VJ. UV-induced DNA damage and melanin content in human skin differing in racial/ethnic origin. FASEB Journal 17:1177-1179, 2003.

Waynant R, Ilev I, Mitra K. A concept for early cancer detection and therapy. SPIE Progress in Biomedical Optics and Imaging 4949:425-432, March 2003.

Wear KA. A Gaussian framework for modeling effects of frequency-dependent attenuation, frequency-dependent scattering, and gating. IEEE TranactionsTransactions on. Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics and Frequency Control 49(11):1572–1582, November 2002.

Wear KA. Characterization of trabecular bone using the backscattered spectral centroid shift,. IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics and Frequency Control 50(4):402-407, April 2003.

Wear KA. Autocorrelation and cepstral methods for measurement of tibial cortical thickness. IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics and Frequency Control 50(6):655-660 June 2003.

Wear KA. The effect of trabecular material properties on the frequency dependence of backscatter from cancellous bone. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 113(4) no. 1, 62-65, July 2003.

Wear KA, Laib A. The relationship between ultrasonic scattering and microarchitecture in human calcaneus. IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics and Frequency Control. 50(8):979-986, August 2003.

Weber R., Waynant R, Ilev I, Key T, Norman P. Earth oxide: aluminum oxide for mid-range infrared devices. SPIE Progress in Biomedical Optics and Imaging 4957:16-22, March 2003.

Yamaguchi Y, Tadokoro T, Beer JZ, Zmudzka BZ, Miller SA, Hearing VJ. Ultraviolet radiation-induced DNA damage and melanin content in human skin differing in racial/ethnic origin. Pigment Cell Research 15(9):71-79, 2002.

Books

Vossoughi J, Moses J, Kipshidze N, Karanian JW, (eds.), Angiogenesis: Bench to Bedside, Medical and Engineering Publishers, 2003.

Vossoughi J, Fareed J, Mousa SA, Karanian JW, (eds.), Thrombosis Research and Treatment: Bench to Bedside, Medical and Engineering Publishers, 2003.

Book Chapters

Badano A, Gallas BD, Burgess AE, Myers KJ. Effect of viewing angle on visual detection for a wide-viewing-angle liquid crystal display. In: Medical Imaging 2003: Visualization, Image-Guided Procedures and Display, RL Galloway (ed.), Proceedings of the SPIE 5029:474-483, 2003.

Gallas BD. Variance of the channelized-hotelling observer from a finite number of trainers and testers. In: Medical Imaging 2003: Image Perception, Observer Performance, and Technology Assessment, DP Chakraborty and EA Krupinski (eds), Proceedings of the SPIE 5034:100-111, 2003.

Vossoughi J, Fareed J, Mousa SA, Karanian JW, (Eds.), Thrombosis and restenosis: Failure modes in preclinical in vivo studies of interventional cardiovascular devices. In: Thrombosis Research and Treatment: Bench to Bedside, Medical and Engineering Publishers, 2003.

Wear KA. Advanced methods in spectroscopic imaging. In: Signal Processing for Magnetic Resonance Imaging and Spectroscopy Hong Yan (ed.) Marcel Dekker, New York, NY, chapter 19, pp. 545-568, 2002.

Woods TO. MRI safety and compatibility of implants and medical devices. In: Stainless Steels for Medical and Surgical Applications, ASTM STP 1438, G. L. Winters and M. J. Nutt (eds.) ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2003, p. 82-90.

Proceedings, Abstracts, Letters, Book Reviews, etc.

Alderson N, Ali SF, Bond S, Coles B, Debrabant A, Faustino PJ, Grant M, Khan A, Kulka A, Lucas A, Momcilovic D, Patterson T, Rosebaugh C, Spence M, Stern A, Ward J, Wood G. Committee for the advancement of FDA science (CAFDAS): the FDA scientist's liaison to the Commissioner's office. FDA Science Forum, Washington, DC, Abstract X-01, p. 197, April 2003.

Alderson N, Ali SF, Bond S, Coles B, Debrabant A, Faustino PJ, Grant M, Khan A, Kulka A, Lucas A, Momcilovic D, Patterson T, Rosebaugh C, Spence M, Stern A, Ward J, Wood G. Committee for the advancement of FDA Science (CAFDAS): a series on leveraging techniques. FDA Science Forum, Washington, DC, Abstract X-02, p. 197, April 2003.

Badano A, Gallas BG, Myers KJ, Burgess AE. Effect of viewing angle on visual detection for a wide-viewing-angle liquid crystal display, Proceedings of the SPIE 5029:474-483, 2003. He Z, Grimm S, Trainer TD, Kalof A, Souchon R, Ophir J, Wear KA, Wagner RF, Huston D, Beer JZ, Hearing VJ, Miller SA, Tadokoro T, Yamaguchi Y, Zmudzka BZ. UV-induced erythema and DNA damage in different U.S. racial/ethnic groups. Materials of the 10th Congress of the European Society of Photobiology, Vienna, Austria, p. 49, 2003.

Beer JZ, Hearing VJ, Miller SA, Tadokoro T, Yamaguchi Y, Zmudzka BZ. DNA damage and the dynamics of its removal in different racial/ethnic groups. Materials of the 31st Annual Meeting of the American Society for Photobiology, Baltimore,MDBaltimore, MD, p. 9, 2003.

Brown RP, Stratmeyer ME, Alonge LA, Phillips PJ. Use of safety assessment to support regulatory decision making and risk communication efforts in CDRH: DEHP in PVC medical devices. FDA Science Forum, Washington, DC, Abstract W-01, p. 189, April 2003.

Brown RP, Stratmeyer ME. Conversion factors for deriving interim parenteral tolerable intake (TI) values from oral toxicity data. FDA Science Forum, Washington, DC, Abstract W-02, p. 189, April 2003.

Byrnes K, Wu X, Waynant R, Ilev I, Van Horn A, Anders J. Light therapy promotes axonal regeneration after acute spinal cord injury in adults rats. Society for Neuroscience 33rd Annual Meeting, Paper 275.2, New Orleans, LA, November 8-12, 2003.

Busick DN, Brown SA, Merritt K. Effects of CJD contamination protocols on surgical instruments. FDA Science Forum, Washington, DC, Abstract C-01, p. 66, April 2003.

Coelho S, Miller SA, Beer JZ. The use of digital photography to document & quantify erythema & pigmentation induced in human skin exposed to tanning lamps. Materials of the 31st Annual Meeting of the American Society for Photobiology, Baltimore, MD, p.61, 2003.

Coleman JA, Wood B, Phillips JL, Lee C, Pritchard WF, Wray-Cahen D, Walther M, Linehan WM. Circumferential radiofrequency coagulation for partial nephrectomy and partial adrenalectomy. American Urological Association, Chicago, Il, April 2003.

Coleman JA, Walther M, Phillips J, Pritchard W, Wray-Cahen D, Linehan WM, Wood B. Characterization of renal lesions created during circumferential rfRF assisted partial nephrectomy. 21st World Congress of Endourology, Montreal, Canada, September 2003.

Dornish M, Kaplan D. Regulatory aspects and standardization of chitin and chitosan. 9th International Chitin and Chitosan Conference, Montreal, Canada, August 27-29, 2003.

Gummalla S, Krause PR, Merritt K, Hitchins VM, Kopecko DJ, Mtungwa AR, Wekell MM, Bhiladvala R, Craighead HG, Hall RH. Nanotechnology biosensor to identify microbial contamination of foods, biologics and medical devices. FDA Science Forum, Washington, DC, Abstract G-10, p. 91, April 2003.

He Z, Grimm S, Trainer TD, Kalof A, Souchon R, Ophir J, Wear KA, Wagner RF, Huston D, Weiss LJ, Garra BS. Integrating elastography with ultrasound (US) backscatter and image texture features for prostate cancer detection: pathology -– U.S. data registration method and results. Tenth Congress of the World Federation for Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology, Montreal, Canada, June 1-4, 2003, Ultrasound Medicine and Biology 29:5S, p. S186, 2003.

Hilbert SL, Lukoff H, Hopkins R. The development of an in vitro model for the assessment of the sensitivity of specific cell types to reperfusion injury. 7th Annual Hilton Head Workshop, Engineered Tissues, Hilton Head Island, SC, February 26-March 2, 2003, p 27.

Hitchins VM, Mtungwa AR, Merritt K. Induction of TNF-alpha, IL-6 and nitric oxide by titanium nitride, titanium silicide and titanium telluride particles and LPS in RAW 264.7 murine macrophage cells. FDA Science Forum, Washington, DC, Abstract B-04, p. 56, April 2003.

Hitchins VM, Mtungwa AR, Merritt K. Induction of TNF-alpha, IL-6 and nitric oxide by titanium nitride, titanium silicide and titanium telluride particles and LPS in RAW 265.7 murine macrophage cells. Transactions of the Society for Biomaterials, Volume XXVIIII, p. 559, April 30 - May 3, 2003.

Howard PC, Molefe DF, Koddel RF., Wamer WG. Beer JZ, Mellick PW. Photocarcinogenesis: histological classification of skin lesions induced in mice by simulated solar light. Materials of the 31st Annual Meeting of the American Society for Photobiology, Baltimore, MD, p. 26, 2003.

Ilev I, Waynant R, Byrnes K, Gorman E, Anders J. In vivo/ex vivo broadband spectral transmission measurements through single and multiple tissue layers and blood using minimally invasive fiber-optic techniques. 2003 FDA Science Forum, Paper C03, Washington DC, April 24-25, 2003.

Kaplan DS, et al. A mechanism for evaluating cell contact on natural materials. Gordon Research Conference on Biomaterials: Biocompatibility/Tissue Engineering, Holderness, NH, July 20-25, 2003.

Karanian JW, Wray-Cahen D, Ashby AE, Hilbert SL, Abii P, Pritchard WF. CDRH/OST laboratory of large animal research: Interventional device and applied cardiovascular research program. FDA Science Forum, Washington, DC, Abstract O-04, p. 152, April 2003.

Karanian JW, Wray-Cahen D, Hilbert SL, Ashby A, Abii P, Pritchard WF. Development of a predictive animal model to evaluate safety and effectiveness of interventional cardiovascular device therapeutics. FDA Science Forum, Washington, DC, Abstract O-05, p. 153, April 2003.

Karanian JW, Kipshidze N, Wray-Cahen D, Hilbert SL, Ashby A, Pritchard WF. Systemic and local drug delivery inhibit vascular stenosis following angioplasty and grafting: safety and effectiveness and routes of administration. FDA Science Forum, Washington, DC, Abstract O-07, p. 154, April 2003.

Kornhauser K, Wei RR, Beer JZ, Coelho SG, Miller SA, Zmudzka BZ, Hearing VJ. Effects of topically applied alpha- and beta-hydroxyacidshydroxy acids on the sensitivity of human skin to UV-induced damage. In FDA Science: Protecting America’s Health, Washington DC, p. 204, 2003.

Lucas AD, Merritt K, Hitchins VM. How much EO residue to expect if the device you mail gets EO sterilized? Transactions of the Society for Biomaterials, Volume XXVIIII, p. 592, April 30-May 3, 2003.

Lucas AD, Merritt K, Hitchins VM. How much EO residue to expect if the device you mail gets EO sterilized? FDA Science Forum, Washington, DC, Abstract I-08, p. 111, April 2003.

Lucas AD. How NRL proteins, powders, and extracts effectaffect NRL accelerants. FDA Science Forum, Washington, DC, Abstract A-PO-2, p. 52, April 2003.

McDermott MK. Mechanical properties of polyurethane film exposed to solutions of nonoxynol-9 surfactant and polyethylene glycol. Doctoral thesis dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park, MD, December 2002.

Merritt K, Hitchins VM, Lucas AD. Effect of gamma, electron beam and ethylene oxide gas (ETO) sterilization on various medical and personal use items. FDA Science Forum, Washington, DC, Abstract I-09, p. 111, April 2003.

Merritt K, Hitchins VM, Lucas AD. Effect of gamma, electron beam and ethylene oxide gas (ETO) sterilization on various medical and personal use items. Transactions of the Society for Biomaterials, Volume XXVIIII, p. 591, April 30-May 3, 2003.

Miller SA, Zmudzka BZ, Coelho S, Beer JZ. How much UV is really needed to produce a tan? Materials of the 31st Annual Meeting of the American Society for Photobiology, Baltimore, MD, p. 1, 2003.

Miller K, D Brenner D, Cerra F, Lubenau J, Preston J, Rosenstein M. Screening of humans for security purposes using ionizing radiation scanning systems. NCRP Commentary No. 16, National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurement, Bethesda, MD, 2003.

Papaconstantinou AD, Goering PL, Umbreit TH, Brown KM. Regulation of uterine hsp90, hsp72 and HSF-1 expression in B6C3F1 mice by ß-estradiol and bisphenol A: Involvement of the estrogen receptor and protein kinase C. Annual Meeting of the Society of Toxicology, Salt Lake City, Utah, March 2003.

Papaconstantinou AD, Goering PL, Umbreit TH, Brown KM. Does Bisphenol A, a medical device material, mimic the actions of beta-estradiol on heat shock protein and HSF-1 expression in the uterus? FDA Science Forum, Washington DC, Abstract J-07, April 2003.

Petrick N, Chan HP, Badano A, Sahiner B, Hadjiiski LM. Digital indirect detection x-ray imaging with a prototype microlens focusing layer between the screen and photodetector: effects of microlens power on light collection. RSNA 88th Scientific Assembly and Annual Meeting, Radiological Society of North America (RSNA), Chicago, IL, December 1, 2002, Radiology, 225(P):643, 2002.

Petrick N, Badano A, Chan HP, Sahiner B, Hadjiiski LM. Digital indirect detection x-ray imagers with microlens focusing: effects of fresnel reflections from the microlens layer. SPIE Medical Imaging Conference, International Society of Optical Engineering (SPIE), February 15-20, 2003, San Diego, CA. In: Proceedings of SPIE Medical Imaging, International Society of Optical Engineering (SPIE), 5030:504-510, 2003.

Pfefer TJ, Matchette LS, Ross AM, Ediger MN. Experimental validation of the influence of fiberoptic probe design on the origin of detected fluorescence. Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, 2003.

Pfefer TJ, Matchette LS, Ross AM, Ediger MN. Influence of fiberoptic probe geometry on the origin of detected fluorescence: experimental validation of computational results. Proceedings of the SPIE 4957:142-148, 2003.

Pritchard WF, Wood BJ, Cebral JR, Lutz RJ, Sofer A, Wray-Cahen D, Perkowski D, Ashby A, Soto O, Hilbert S, Karanian JW. Development of in vivo, bench and computational models that predict safety and failure modes of clinical thermal ablation. FDA Science Forum, Washington, DC, Abstract O-06, p. 153, April 2003.

Pritchard WF. Investigational device exemptions and clinical investigation of cardiovascular devices: bench to bedside to market. Second International Interdisciplinary Conference on Cardiovascular Medicine, Surgery, Science, and Mechanics (plenary session), Bethesda, MD, 2003.

Ranamukhaarachchi DG, Langone J, Elespuru R. Assessment of target cell and mRNA detection limits in disease diagnosis using real-time PCR. 10th Annual FDA Science Forum, Washington, DC, 2003. (Abstract).

Ranamukhaarachchi DG, Bright R, Chan M, Farr S, Langone J, Neft R, O’Neill JP, Slater J, Wood S, Elespuru R. Development of a diagnostic microarray for type 1 latex allergy. 10th Annual FDA Science Forum, Washington, DC, 2003. (Abstract).

Ranamukhaarachchi DG, Langone J, Elespuru R. Evaluation of target cell and mRNA detection limits and RNA isolation in molecular diagnosis of disease. Chips to Hits®2003. IBC USA Conferences, Inc., Boston MA, 2003. (Abstract).

Stratmeyer ME. Ultrasound-induced fetal bioeffects, Proceedings of the Ultrasonics World Congress Paris, France, 1145-1147, 2003.

Tomazic-Jezic VJ, Lucas AD. Factors affecting binding of natural rubber latex (NRL) proteins to glove dusting powder. The Toxicologist 72:229, 2003.

Tomazic-Jezic VJ, Lucas AD, Sanchez BA. Factors affecting binding of natural rubber latex (NRL) proteins to glove powder. FDA Science Forum, Washington, DC, Abstract B-16, p.62, April 2003.

Tomazic-Jezic VJ, Sanchez BA. Allergenic natural rubber latex (NRL) proteins binding to glove powder. FDA Science Forum, Washington, DC, Abstract B-17, p. 63, April 2003.

Woods T, Brown S, McNamee S, Merritt K, Lucas A, Hitchins V. The effects of loading and repeated ethylene oxide sterilization on the mechanical strength of opened but not used (OBNU) synthetic absorbable sutures. FDA Science Forum, Washington, DC, Abstract C-08, p. 69, April 2003.

Woods TO, Brown SA, McNamee SG. The effect of cyclic loading on the strength of new and resterilized synthetic absorbable suture.Transactionssuture. Transactions of the 29th Annual Meeting of the Society for Biomaterials, Reno, NV, April 30–May 3, 2003, p. 593.

Wray-Cahen D, Pritchard WF, Hilbert SL, Ashby AE, Elsasser T, Vossoughi J, Abii PO, Karanian JW. The coronary artery histopathologic response to angioplasty balloon injury in a swine model is gender- and hormone-dependent. Endocrine Society Meeting, Abstract P1-128, June 2003.

Yamaguchi Y, Tadokoro T, Beer JZ, Zmudzka BZ, Miller SA, Hearing VJ. Effects of UV on melanocytes in human skin of various phototypes. Materials of the 31st Annual Meeting of the American Society for Photobiology, Baltimore, MD, p. 1, 2003.

Zmudzka BZ, Beer JZ, Bushar HF, Coelho SG, Hearing VJ, Miller SA, Tadokoro T, Yamaguchi Y. Constitutive melanin, MED, and UV-induced DNA damage in different racial/ethnic groups. Materials of the 31st Annual Meeting of the American Society for Photobiology, Baltimore, MD, p. 58, 2003.