Our Stakeholders and Partners
Many organizations and millions of individuals have a stake in the outcome of CVM’s work, including consumers, animal owners, veterinarians, and firms in the regulated industries. The latter comprises companies that market the drugs, feeds, and other products that are regulated by CVM. CVM’s stakeholders also include trade associations; consumer organizations; state, Federal, and foreign regulatory agencies; and international standard-setting organizations.
CVM uses a variety of methods to keep stakeholders informed and to seek their advice and opinions about our policies and programs. These methods include public meetings, requests for comment on proposed regulations and guidance documents, the FDA Web site, and a variety of informal means, such as letters, phone calls, e-mails, and other electronic means of communication.
CVM’s success in promoting and protecting public and animal health depends not only on the active involvement of its stakeholders, but also on the formation of partnerships and coalitions. The concept of partnership and collaboration is generally known as leveraging, and CVM is working to make leveraging one of the foundations of our day-to-day operations. A partial list of CVM’s partners includes:
- Other Federal agencies with whom CVM shares related regulatory responsibilities, such as the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s (USDA’s) Food Safety and Inspection Service (for surveillance for animal drug residue and antimicrobial resistance), Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (for prevention of BSE), and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (for regulation of pesticides). For example, the Interagency Residue Control Group—with members from FDA, the USDA, and the Environmental Protection Agency—coordinates information on residues of animal drugs, pesticides, and environmental contaminants in animal food products.
- The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service; the U.S. Geological Survey, and state natural resources agencies (for sharing data for approval of drugs for minor species).
- The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; the National Center for Infectious Diseases (for surveillance for antimicrobial resistance).
- The USDA’s Foreign Agricultural Service, Agricultural Research Service, and National Institute of Food and Agriculture (formerly the Cooperative State Research, Education, and Extension Service).
- State agencies that partner with CVM to conduct inspections for compliance with the BSE feed regulation and other feed inspections and to carry out other regulatory and surveillance functions. For example, CVM works closely with the Association of American Feed Control Officials. The Association’s membership consists of representatives from all 50 states, Puerto Rico, Costa Rica, Canada, FDA, USDA, and several universities.
- Veterinarians, who share with CVM numerous public and animal health goals, such as approval of new and better therapeutics, avoiding drug residues in food products, minimizing the development of antimicrobial resistance through prudent drug use practices, educating food animal producers as to their public health responsibilities, and educating pet owners as to proper drug use.
- Foreign regulatory agencies that have responsibility and authority for regulating animal drugs and animal foods in their countries. CVM leverages such international work through its participation and leadership in the Committee on Residues of Veterinary Drugs
CVM partners through cooperative agreements, cost-sharing contracts, cooperative research and development agreements, interagency agreements, co-sponsorship agreements, and informal agreements. CVM holds joint workshops, co-sponsors training sessions, works with scientists on mission-related research, and cooperates with others in many ways. A number of examples of current partnership arrangements are included in this report.